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Prefecture building of the Côte-d'Or department, in Dijon
Prefecture building of the Côte-d'Or department, in Dijon
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Côte-d’Or in France
Location of Côte-d’Or in France
Coordinates: 47°25′N 4°50′E / 47.417°N 4.833°E / 47.417; 4.833Coordinates: 47°25′N 4°50′E / 47.417°N 4.833°E / 47.417; 4.833
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Dijon
Subprefectures Beaune
 • President of the General Council François Sauvadet
 • Total 8,763.2 km2 (3,383.5 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 527,403
 • Rank 51st
 • Density 60.1838/km2 (155.8754/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Côte-d'oriens, Costaloriens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-21
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 23
Communes 706
Website http://www.cotedor.fr

Côte-d'Or (literally, "Slope of Gold", "Golden Slope") is a department in the eastern part of France. It is one of the 83 first French departments made during the French revolution and one of the eight departments of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Its prefecture (capital) is the city of Dijon. The inhabitants of the department are called Costaloriens (women:Costaloriennes) or Côte-d'Oriens (women:Côte d'Oriennes).[3]

History[change | change source]

Côte-d'Or is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was formed from part of the old province of Burgundy. It was divided in seven districts: Arnay-le-Duc, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Dijon, Is-sur-Tille, Saint-Jean-de-Losne and Semur-en-Auxois.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Dijon, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

In 1926, the arrondissement of Montbard was made with the arrondissements of Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.[4]

Origin of name[change | change source]

Côte-d'Or is the only French department who was not named after a geographical feature: a river, a mountain, and so on. The name was chosen by Charles-André-Rémy Arnoult, member of the National Constituent Assembly of 1789, who suggested the name, inspired by the golden hue that took the vineyards of the region in the autumn.[5]

Morey-Saint-Denis in autumn. The department is named after this kind of landscape.

The French word côte means, in this case, a slope that geologists usually name with the Spanish word cuesta.

Geography[change | change source]

Côte-d'Or is part of the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. The department borders with 7 departments that are part of 2 regions:

The department has an area of 8,763.2 km2 (3,383 sq mi).[1] The highest point of the department is Mont de Gien, 723 m (2,372 ft) high; it is in the commune Ménessaire. The lowest point of the department, 174 m (571 ft) high, is where the river Saône leaves the department, in the commune Chivres.

A chain of hills called the Plateau de Langres runs from north-east to south-west through the department to the north of Dijon and continues south-westwards as the Côte d'Or escarpment, which takes its name from that of the department (without the hyphen). It is the south-east facing slope of this escarpment which is the site of the celebrated Burgundy vineyards. To the south-east of the plateau and escarpment, the department lies in the broad valley of the middle section of the river Saône.

Rivers[change | change source]

The main rivers of Côte-d'Or are:

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Dijon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[7]

The average temperature for the year in Dijon is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dijon is 698.5 mm (27.50 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 73.7 mm (2.90 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).[7]

In the Plateau de Langres, winters are long and cold with frequent frosts.

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of Côte-d'Or in Dijon. Côte-d'Or is part of the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 706 communes (municipalities) in Côte-d'Or.[8]

Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
211 Beaune Beaune 97,399   2,118   46.0 194
212 Dijon Dijon 368,677   3,049   120.9 259
213 Montbard Montbard 61,327   3,596   17.1 254

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Côte-d'Or department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[9]

  1. Arnay-le-Duc
  2. Auxonne
  3. Beaune
  4. Brazey-en-Plaine
  5. Châtillon-sur-Seine
  6. Chenôve
  7. Chevigny-Saint-Sauveur
  8. Dijon-1
  9. Dijon-2
  10. Dijon-3
  11. Dijon-4
  12. Dijon-5
  13. Dijon-6
  14. Fontaine-lès-Dijon
  15. Genlis
  16. Is-sur-Tille
  17. Ladoix-Serrigny
  18. Longvic
  19. Montbard
  20. Nuits-Saint-Georges
  21. Saint-Apollinaire
  22. Semur-en-Auxois
  23. Talant

Demographics[change | change source]

Côte d'Or has a population, in 2012, of 527,403,[2] for a population density of 60.2 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Dijon, with 368,677 inhabitants, is by far the one with more inhabitants. The other two, Beaune and Montbard, have respectively 97,399 and 61,327 inhabitants.[8]

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
Dijon 152,071 Dijon
Beaune 21,806 Beaune
Chenôve 13,959 Dijon
Talant 11,204 Dijon
Chevigny-Saint-Sauveur 10,330 Dijon
Quetigny 9,690 Dijon
Longvic 9,078 Dijon
Fontaine-lès-Dijon 9,142 Dijon
Auxonne 7,771 Dijon
Saint-Apollinaire 7,012 Dijon

Related pages[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de La Côte-d'Or (21) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-21. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  3. "Côte-d'Or (21)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_cote-dor_21.html. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de la Côte-d'Or" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/21his.html. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  5. "Côte-d'Or "la bien nommée"" (in French). Conseil General - Côte-d'Or. http://www.cotedor.fr/cms/page1567.html. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  6. "A l'origine" (in French). Site des sources de la Seine et du village de Source Seine. http://www.source-seine.fr/jce/a-l-origine. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Dijon, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=8270&cityname=Dijon%2C+Burgundy%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Département de La Côte-d'Or (21)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/cog.asp?nivgeo=dep&codgeo=21. Retrieved 23 April 2015. Invalid <ref> tag; name "insee2" defined multiple times with different content
  9. "Décret n° 2014-175 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Côte-d'Or" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 18 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028637172. Retrieved 23 April 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]