Prefecture building of the Côte-d'Or department, in Dijon
Location of Côte-d’Or in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• President of the General Council||François Sauvadet|
|• Total||8,763.2 km2 (3,383.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||60.1838/km2 (155.8754/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-21|
Côte-d'Or (literally, "Slope of Gold", "Golden Slope") is a department in the eastern part of France. It is one of the 83 first French departments made during the French revolution and one of the eight departments of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.
History[change | change source]
Côte-d'Or is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was formed from part of the old province of Burgundy. It was divided in seven districts: Arnay-le-Duc, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Dijon, Is-sur-Tille, Saint-Jean-de-Losne and Semur-en-Auxois.
In 1926, the arrondissement of Montbard was made with the arrondissements of Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.
Origin of name[change | change source]
Côte-d'Or is the only French department who was not named after a geographical feature: a river, a mountain, and so on. The name was chosen by Charles-André-Rémy Arnoult, member of the National Constituent Assembly of 1789, who suggested the name, inspired by the golden hue that took the vineyards of the region in the autumn.
Geography[change | change source]
The department has an area of 8,763.2 km2 (3,383 sq mi). The highest point of the department is Mont de Gien, 723 m (2,372 ft) high; it is in the commune Ménessaire. The lowest point of the department, 174 m (571 ft) high, is where the river Saône leaves the department, in the commune Chivres.
A chain of hills called the Plateau de Langres runs from north-east to south-west through the department to the north of Dijon and continues south-westwards as the Côte d'Or escarpment, which takes its name from that of the department (without the hyphen). It is the south-east facing slope of this escarpment which is the site of the celebrated Burgundy vineyards. To the south-east of the plateau and escarpment, the department lies in the broad valley of the middle section of the river Saône.
Rivers[change | change source]
The main rivers of Côte-d'Or are:
- The Seine, with its source in the southern end of the Plateau de Langres, in the commune Source-Seine.
- The Saône, an important tributary of the Rhône. It flows through several communes of the Côte-d'Or department and some of the tributaries are Vingeanne, Tille, Bèze and Ouche.
- The Arroux is a right tributary of the Loire.
Climate[change | change source]
The average temperature for the year in Dijon is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dijon is 698.5 mm (27.50 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 73.7 mm (2.90 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).
In the Plateau de Langres, winters are long and cold with frequent frosts.
Administration[change | change source]
Administrative divisions[change | change source]
Demographics[change | change source]
Côte d'Or has a population, in 2012, of 527,403, for a population density of 60.2 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Dijon, with 368,677 inhabitants, is by far the one with more inhabitants. The other two, Beaune and Montbard, have respectively 97,399 and 61,327 inhabitants.
The main cities in the department are:
Related pages[change | change source]
Gallery[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Département de La Côte-d'Or (21) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-21. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "Côte-d'Or (21)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_cote-dor_21.html. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Historique de la Côte-d'Or" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/21his.html. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Côte-d'Or "la bien nommée"" (in French). Conseil General - Côte-d'Or. http://www.cotedor.fr/cms/page1567.html. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "A l'origine" (in French). Site des sources de la Seine et du village de Source Seine. http://www.source-seine.fr/jce/a-l-origine. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Dijon, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=8270&cityname=Dijon%2C+Burgundy%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "Département de La Côte-d'Or (21)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/cog.asp?nivgeo=dep&codgeo=21. Retrieved 23 April 2015. Invalid
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- "Décret n° 2014-175 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Côte-d'Or" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 18 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028637172. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
Other websites[change | change source]
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