Aisne

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Aisne
Department
City hall of Laon, Aisne
Town hall of Laon, Aisne
Flag of Aisne
Flag
Coat of arms of Aisne
Coat of arms
Location of Aisne in France
Location of Aisne in France
Coordinates: 49°30′N 3°30′E / 49.5°N 3.5°E / 49.5; 3.5Coordinates: 49°30′N 3°30′E / 49.5°N 3.5°E / 49.5; 3.5
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Laon
Subprefectures Château-Thierry, Saint-Quentin, Soissons, Vervins
Government[1]
 • President of the General Council Nicolas Fricoteaux
Area[2]
 • Total 7,369.1 km2 (2,845.2 sq mi)
Population (2013)[3]
 • Total 540,067
 • Density 73.2881/km2 (189.8152/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Axonais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-02
Arrondissements 5
Cantons 21
Communes 805
Website http://www.aisne.com

Aisne is a department in the north of France, in the Hauts-de-France region. It is named after the river Aisne, a tributary of the Oise. Its prefecture is Laon.

History[change | change source]

Aisne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Laon as is capital.[4] It was formed from parts of the former provinces of Île-de-France (Laon, Soissons, Noyon,and Valois), Picardy (Thiérache Vermandois), and Champagne (Brie and Omois).

It was divided in six districts: Château-Thierry, Chauny, Laon, Saint-Quentin, Soissons and Vervins.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Château-Thierry, Laon, Saint-Quentin, Soissons and Vervins.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Château-Thierry was eliminated but in 1942 it was made again an arrondissement.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Aisne is part of the Hauts-de-France region. It has an area of 7,369.1 km2 (2,845 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with Belgium and 6 other departments in 3 regions:

The territory of the Aisne department is formed by low plateaus and small hills. The highest point in the department, and in the Hauts-de-France region, is Le Chêne Nain (49°56′59″N 04°13′50″E / 49.94972°N 4.23056°E / 49.94972; 4.23056 (Le Chêne Nain)) in the Ardennes forest on the border with the Ardennes department and near the border with Belgium; it is 295–300 m (968–984 ft) high.[5]

The southern part of the department is the geographical region known as la Brie poilleuse, a more dry plateau known for its dairy products and Brie cheese.

Several rivers flow through the department; the main rivers are the Scheldt/Escaut, the Aisne, the Marne, the Ourcq, the Vesle, the Somme, the Oise, and the Serre.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Laon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[6]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Laon is 571.5 mm (22.5 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is July with 61 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is March with an average of 30.5 mm (1.2 in).

In Laon, there is an average of 17.8 cm (7.0 in) of snow. The month with the most snow is February, with 6.9 cm (2.7 in) of snow.

The average temperature for the year in Laon is 9.4 °C (48.9 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 17.2 °C (63.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).

Climate data for Laon, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4
(39)
5
(41)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
15
(59)
8
(46)
6
(43)
13.8
(56.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1
(34)
2
(36)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
15
(59)
17
(63)
17
(63)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
3
(37)
9.3
(48.8)
Average low °C (°F) -1
(30)
-1
(30)
1
(34)
4
(39)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(36)
1
(34)
5.3
(41.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
20
(0.79)
30
(1.18)
40
(1.57)
30
(1.18)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
500
(19.69)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Aisne is managed by the General Council of Aisne in Laon. The department is part of the Hauts-de-France region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 5 arrondissements (districts), 21 cantons and 805 communes (municipalities) in Aisne.

Arrondissements of the Aisne
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
021 Château-Thierry Château-Thierry 72,657 1,193.2 60.9 118
022 Laon Laon 165,852 2,461.3 67.4 278
023 Saint-Quentin Saint-Quentin 130,944 1,071.2 122.2 126
024 Soissons Soissons 103,977 1,242.8 83.7 153
025 Vervins Vervins 66,637 1,400.6 47.6 130

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Aisne department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

  1. Bohain-en-Vermandois
  2. Château-Thierry
  3. Chauny
  4. Essômes-sur-Marne
  5. Fère-en-Tardenois
  6. Guignicourt
  7. Guise
  8. Hirson
  9. Laon-1
  10. Laon-2
  11. Marle
  12. Ribemont
  13. Saint-Quentin-1
  14. Saint-Quentin-2
  15. Saint-Quentin-3
  16. Soissons-1
  17. Soissons-2
  18. Tergnier
  19. Vervins
  20. Vic-sur-Aisne
  21. Villers-Cotterêts

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Aisne are known, in French, as Axonais (women: Axonaises),[9] from the Celtic name of the Aisne river, Axona.

Aisne had a population, in 2013, of 540,067,[3] for a population density of 73.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Laon, with 165,852 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[7]

The communes in the department with more than 10,000 inhabitants are:[7]

City Population
(2013)[7]
Arrondissement
Saint-Quentin 55,698 Saint-Quentin
Soissons 28,472 Soissons
Laon 25,219 Laon
Château-Thierry 14,189 Château-Thierry
Tergnier 13,938 Laon
Chauny 11,874 Laon
Villers-Cotterêts 10,797 Soissons

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Président". Aisne.com. Conseil Général de l'Aisne. http://aisne.com/Vos-elus. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de L'Aisne (02) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-02. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique de l'Aisne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/02his.html. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  5. "Le Chêne Nain, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=29287. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  6. "Laon, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=135541&cityname=Laon%2C+Picardie%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 02-Aisne" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=02&annee=2013. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  8. "Décret n° 2014-202 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Aisne" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028652328. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  9. "Habitants du départment: Aisne (02)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/aisne-02. Retrieved 30 October 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]