Somme River

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The Somme.
Origin Picardie
Mouth English Channel
50°13′16″N 1°34′0″E / 50.22111°N 1.566667°E / 50.22111; 1.566667 (English Channel-Somme)Coordinates: 50°13′16″N 1°34′0″E / 50.22111°N 1.566667°E / 50.22111; 1.566667 (English Channel-Somme)
Basin countries France
Length 245 km (152 mi)
Source elevation 85 m (279 ft)
Avg. discharge 35 m³/s
Basin area ±6,000 km2 (2,300 sq mi)

The Somme is a river in the north of France. It flows through Amiens, and gives its name to the deparement called Somme. The River is 245 km long, and flows into the English Channel. The river is known for the Battle of the Somme, which was an important battle of the First World War. Different archeological finds have been discoered in its valley: The Acheulean is named after Saint-Acheul, a suburb of Amiens. Hand axes from the paleolithic were found there, and gave this name to the respective period.

The name of the river is of Celtic origins, and refers to the tranquility of the river over much of its course. In 2012, there was a problem with water quality: over parts of its course, the river is polluted with PCB and dioxins.