Marne

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Marne
Department
Prefecture of the Marne department
Prefecture building of the Marne department, in Châlons-en-Champagne
Flag of Marne
Flag
Coat of arms of Marne
Coat of arms
Location of Marne in France
Location of Marne in France
Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49°N 4.25°E / 49; 4.25Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49°N 4.25°E / 49; 4.25
Country France
Region Grand Est
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Châlons-en-Champagne
Subprefectures Épernay, Reims, Sainte-Menehould, Vitry-le-François
Government[1]
 • President of the Departmental Council René-Paul Savary
Area[2]
 • Total 8,161.6 km2 (3,151.2 sq mi)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 569,999
 • Density 69.8391/km2 (180.8825/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-51
Arrondissements 5
Cantons 23
Communes 617
Website Marne Council

Marne is a department in northeastern France named after the river Marne which flows through the department. The prefecture (capital) of Marne is Châlons-en-Champagne (formerly known as Châlons-sur-Marne).

The Champagne vineyards producing the world-famous sparkling wine are located within Marne.

History[change | change source]

Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Châlons-sur-Marne as is capital. It was formed with part of the former province of Champagne.[3]

It was divided in six districts: Châlons-sur-Marne, Reims, Épernay, Sézanne, Sainte-Menehould and Vitry-le-François.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Châlons-sur-Marne, Épernay, Reims, Sainte-Menehould and Vitry-le-François.[3]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Sainte-Menehould was eliminated but in 1940 Sainte-Menehould was made again an arrondissement.[3]

In 1995, the name of Châlons-sur-Marne was changed to Châlons-en-Champagne but it was rejected in 1997. But, finally, this change was accepted in 1998.

Geography[change | change source]

The Marne department is in the Grand Est region after being part of the Champagne-Ardenne region till 2016. It is bordered by 3 regions and 6 departments:

Marne has an area of 8,161.6 km2 (3,151 sq mi),[2] the 7th largest department of the Metropolitan France. The department is 116 km (72 mi) long from Villeneuve-la-Lionne to Trois-Fontaines-l'Abbaye, and 97 km (60 mi) wide from Cormicy to Clesles.

Vineyard in Cramant.

There are three geographic regions in the department:

  1. The Champagne crayeuse in the centre of the department; it is a plain where cereals are grown.
  2. A region with low hills in the eastern part of the department.
  3. Champagne vineyards, in the western part of the deparment. Here is the Montagne de Reims ("Mountain of Reims") where are the highest points of the department in the forests of the Verzey commune; several hills are 286 m (938 ft) high (49°8′19″N 04°9′12″E / 49.13861°N 4.15333°E / 49.13861; 4.15333 (Foret Domaniale de Verzey)).[4].

The Marne river flows through the department from the southeast to the west.

Climate[change | change source]

This area is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Châlons-en-Champagne is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 627.4 mm (24.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is July with 61 mm (2.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Châlons-en-Champagne is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0 °C (32 °F)

Administration[change | change source]

Marne is managed by the General Council of Marne in Châlons-en-Champagne. The department is part of the Grand Est region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 5 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 617 communes (municipalities) in Marne.

Arrondissements of Marne
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2013)
Area[6]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
511 Châlons-en-Champagne Châlons-en-Champagne 102,735 1,778.3 57.8 100
512 Épernay Épernay 110,098 2,332.7 47.2 181
513 Reims Reims 295,406 1,525.7 193.6 156
514 Vitry-le-François Vitry-le-François 47,854 1,503.6 31.8 113
515 Sainte-Menehould Sainte-Menehould 13,906 1,021.3 13.6 67

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Marne department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[7]

  1. Argonne Suippe et Vesle
  2. Bourgogne
  3. Châlons-en-Champagne-1
  4. Châlons-en-Champagne-2
  5. Châlons-en-Champagne-3
  6. Dormans-Paysages de Champagne
  7. Épernay-1
  8. Épernay-2
  9. Fismes-Montagne de Reims
  10. Mourmelon-Vesle et Monts de Champagne
  11. Reims-1
  12. Reims-2
  13. Reims-3
  14. Reims-4
  15. Reims-5
  16. Reims-6
  17. Reims-7
  18. Reims-8
  19. Reims-9
  20. Sermaize-les-Bains
  21. Sézanne-Brie et Champagne
  22. Vertus-Plaine Champenoise
  23. Vitry-le-François-Champagne et Der

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of the Marne department are known, in French, as Marnais (women: Marnaises),[8]

Marne had a population, in 2013, of 569,999,[2] for a population density of 69.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Reims, with 295,406 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Marne

The 10 communes with more inhabitants in the Marne department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Reims 182,592 Reims
Châlons-en-Champagne 44,899 Châlons-en-Champagne
Épernay 23,413 Épernay
Vitry-le-François 13,174 Vitry-le-François
Tinqueux 10,023 Reims
Bétheny 6,481 Reims
Cormontreuil 6,065 Reims
Saint-Memmie 5,595 Châlons-en-Champagne
Fismes 5,418 Reims
Mourmelon-le-Grand 5,339 Châlons-en-Champagne

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Président du Conseil départemental" (in French). La Marne rn ligne. http://www.marne.fr/le-departement/le-conseil-general/assemblee/president-du-conseil-general-de-la-marne. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Département de la Marne (51)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-51. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique de la Marne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/51his.html. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
  4. "Foret Domaniale de Verzey, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=29508. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  5. "Chalons-sur-Marne, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=71691&cityname=Chalons-sur-Marne%2C+Champagne-Ardenne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Département de la Marne (51) et Arrondissements" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-51+ARR-511+ARR-512+ARR-513+ARR-514+ARR-515. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  7. "Décret n° 2014-208 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Marne" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028652500. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  8. "Habitants du départment: Marne (51)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/marne-51. Retrieved 5 December 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]