Marne (river)

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Coordinates: 48°49′01″N 2°24′34″E / 48.81694°N 2.40944°E / 48.81694; 2.40944
The Mar river in Noisy-le-Grand
The Marne river in Noisy-le-Grand
Country  France
Regions Grand Est, Hauts-de-France, Île-de-France, Grand Paris
Departments Haute-Marne, Marne, Aisne, Meuse, Seine-et-Marne, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne
 - left Petit Morin, Somme-Soude, Grand Morin, Blaise
 - right Rognon, Saulx, Ourcq
Cities Saint-Dizier, Châlons-en-Champagne, Château-Thierry
Source Plateau de Langres
 - location Balesmes-sur-Marne, Haute-Marne, France
 - elevation 420 m (1,378 ft)
 - coordinates 47°49′07″N 5°20′59″E / 47.81861°N 5.34972°E / 47.81861; 5.34972
Confluence Seine River
 - location Charenton-le-Pont, Val-de-Marne, France
 - elevation 32 m (105 ft)
 - coordinates 48°49′01″N 2°24′34″E / 48.81694°N 2.40944°E / 48.81694; 2.40944
Length 513.9 km (319 mi)
Basin 12,660 km² (4,888 sq mi)
Discharge for Gournay-sur-Marne
 - average 108 /s (3,814 cu ft/s)
Course of the Marne
Course of the Marne
Wikimedia Commons: Marne River

The Marne is a river in France. It is a right tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris. Four departments are named after it: Haute-Marne, Marne, Seine-et-Marne and Val-de-Marne.

The Marne is famous as the place of two battles during the First World War, the first in 1914 and the second in 1918.

Geography[change | change source]

The Marne river has a length of 513.9 km (319.3 mi),[1] one of the longest in France, and a drainage basin with an area of 12,660 km2 (4,888 sq mi).[2]

Its average yearly discharge (volume of water which passes through a section of the river per unit of time) is 108 m3/s (3,800 cu ft/s) at Gournay-sur-Marne in the Seine-Saint-Denis department, for a period of 44 years.[2]

Average monthly discharge (m3/s) at Gournay-sur-Marne

Course[change | change source]

The source of the Marne river is in the Plateau de Langres, in the commune of Balesmes-sur-Marne, at an altitude of about 420 m (1,378 ft), in the Haute-Marne department.[3] It flows generally to the north then turns to the west between Saint-Dizier and Châlons-en-Champagne.

The Marne river flows through 3 regions, 7 departments and 218 communes. It flows through the following communes, among others:[1]

Finally, it flows into the Seine river between Charenton-le-Pont and Alfortville in the Val-de-Marne department, in the area of Paris.[4]

Main tributaries[change | change source]

The main tributaries of the Marne river are:[1]

Painters of the Marne[change | change source]

During the 19th and 20th centuries the Marne inspired many painters: some of them are:

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "La Marne (F---0100)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "La Marne à Gournay-sur-Marne". Banque Hydro (in French). Ministère de l'Ecologie, du Développement Durable et de l'Energie. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  3. "Source de la Marne" (in French). Géoportail. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  4. "Embouchure de la Marne" (in French). Géoportail. Retrieved 5 December 2016.