Ain

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Ain
Department
Prefecture building of the Ain department, in Bourg-en-Bresse
Prefecture building of the Ain department, in Bourg-en-Bresse
Flag of Ain
Flag
Coat of arms of Ain
Coat of arms
Location of Ain in France
Location of Ain in France
Coordinates: 46°5′N 5°20′E / 46.083°N 5.333°E / 46.083; 5.333Coordinates: 46°5′N 5°20′E / 46.083°N 5.333°E / 46.083; 5.333
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Bourg-en-Bresse
Subprefectures Belley, Gex, Nantua
Government[1]
 • President of the General Council Damien Abad
Area[2]
 • Total 5,762.4 km2 (2,224.9 sq mi)
Population (2013)[3]
 • Total 619,497
 • Density 107.5068/km2 (278.4413/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-01
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 23
Communes 410
Website www.ain.fr/

Ain is a department in the east of France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It is named after the river Ain. Its prefecture is Bourg-en-Bresse.

History[change | change source]

Aisne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Bourg-en-Bresse as is capital.[4] It was formed with four former provinces: Bresse, Bugey, Dombes, Pays de Gex and part of the province of Franc-Lyonnais.

It was divided in nine districts: Pont-de-Vaux, Bourg, Nantua, Gex, Belley, Saint-Rambert, Montluel, Trévoux and Châtillon-les-Dombes.

The department was called départment of Bresse but in 1791 was changed to its present name: départment de l'Ain.[5]

In 1798, Gex is separated from Ain for the creation of the former department of Léman.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Bourg, Belley, Nantua and Trévoux.[4]

The department of Léman was eliminated in 1814 and Gex was again part of the department of Ain. In 1815, some communes of Gex are passed to Switzerland and the arrondissement of Gex is created.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Gex and Trévoux were eliminated but in 1933 Gex was made again an arrondissement.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Map of Ain

Ain is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has an area of 5,762.4 km2 (2,225 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with Switzerland and 6 other departments in 2 regions:

The territory of the Ain department is formed by five regions:[6]

  1. Bresse, a plain between the Saône river to the east and the Jura mountains to the west.
  2. Bugey-Valromey, surrounded by the Rhône and the Ain rivers, in the southern end of the Jura mountains.
  3. Dombes-Plain of the Ain, in the southeast of the department, surrounded by the Rhône and the Saône rivers. Here there are many ponds and small lakes where fishes are commercially grown.
  4. Pays de Gex. It has the Swiss border to the east, the mountains of Bugey to the west and the Jura mountains to the north. Here is the highest point of the Jura mountains and of the Ain department: Crêt de la Neige (46°16′22″N 05°56′40″E / 46.27278°N 5.94444°E / 46.27278; 5.94444 (Crêt de la Neige)), 1,720 m (5,643 ft) high.[7]
  5. Revermont. Here there are two ranges of low mountains that go from north to south with a valley between them: the valley of the Suran river. This region is between the Bresse and Bugey-Valromey regions.

The lowest point of the department is on the Rhône river, 170 m (560 ft) high.

Several rivers flow through the department; the main rivers are the Rhône, the Ain and the Saône. The largest natural lake is the Nantua lake, with an area of 1.41 km2 (0.54 sq mi).

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Château-Gaillard (Ain) is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[8]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Château-Gaillard is 645.2 mm (25.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 63.5 mm (2.5 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 43.2 mm (1.7 in).

The average temperature for the year in Château-Gaillard is 11.5 °C (52.7 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.8 °C (69.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.6 °C (36.7 °F).

Climate data for Château-Gaillard, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.9
(46.2)
12.7
(54.9)
16.1
(61)
20.4
(68.7)
24.1
(75.4)
27
(81)
26.6
(79.9)
22
(72)
16.9
(62.4)
10.3
(50.5)
6.5
(43.7)
16.37
(61.46)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.8
(38.8)
7.5
(45.5)
10.6
(51.1)
14.9
(58.8)
18.2
(64.8)
20.8
(69.4)
20.3
(68.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.5
(54.5)
6.7
(44.1)
3.5
(38.3)
11.49
(52.69)
Average low °C (°F) -0.8
(30.6)
-0.3
(31.5)
2.3
(36.1)
5
(41)
9.4
(48.9)
12.3
(54.1)
14.6
(58.3)
14
(57)
10.9
(51.6)
8.1
(46.6)
3
(37)
0.4
(32.7)
6.58
(43.84)
Rainfall mm (inches) 50.5
(1.988)
42.1
(1.657)
47.7
(1.878)
50.9
(2.004)
61.7
(2.429)
56.6
(2.228)
54.4
(2.142)
52.2
(2.055)
53.3
(2.098)
63.6
(2.504)
51.2
(2.016)
60.6
(2.386)
644.8
(25.386)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Ain is managed by the General Council of Ain in Bourg-en-Bresse. The department is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 410 communes (municipalities) in Ain.

Arrondissements of the Ain
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[9]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
011 Belley Belley 97,136 1,307.2 74.3 104
012 Bourg-en-Bresse Bourg-en-Bresse 350,548 3,104.8 112.9 218
013 Gex Gex 87,153 426.2 204.5 29
014 Nantua Nantua 84,660 924.2 91.6 59

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Ain department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Ambérieu-en-Bugey
  2. Attignat
  3. Bellegarde-sur-Valserine
  4. Belley
  5. Bourg-en-Bresse-1
  6. Bourg-en-Bresse-2
  7. Ceyzériat
  8. Châtillon-sur-Chalaronne
  9. Gex
  10. Hauteville-Lompnes
  11. Lagnieu
  12. Meximieux
  13. Miribel
  14. Nantua
  15. Oyonnax
  16. Pont-d'Ain
  17. Replonges
  18. Saint-Étienne-du-Bois
  19. Saint-Genis-Pouilly
  20. Thoiry
  21. Trévoux
  22. Villars-les-Dombes
  23. Vonnas

Demographics[change | change source]

There is not an official demonym for the inhabitants of the Ain department; people are named after the regions:

  • Bresse - Bressans
  • Bugey - Bugistes
  • Revermont - Revermontois
  • Dombes - Dombistes
  • Pays de Gex - Gessiens

Ain had a population, in 2013, of 619,497,[3] for a population density of 107.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Bourg-en-Bresse, with 350,548 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[9]

The communes in the department with more than 9,000 inhabitants are:[9]

City Population
(2013)[9]
Arrondissement
Bourg-en-Bresse 40,490 Bourg-en-Bresse
Oyonnax 22,258 Nantua
Ambérieu-en-Bugey 14,359 Belley
Bellegarde-sur-Valserine 11,644 Nantua
Gex 10,893 Gex
Saint-Genis-Pouilly 9,635 Gex
Miribel 9,277 Bourg-en-Bresse
Ferney-Voltaire 9,236 Gex

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Président" (PDF). Ain.fr. Conseil Général de l'Ain. http://www.ain.fr/upload/docs/application/pdf/2015-07/executif_departementain_2015.pdf. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de L'Ain (01) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-01. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique de l'Ain" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/01his.html. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  5. "Carte du départment de l'Ain" (in French). Patrimoine[s] de l'Ain. http://patrimoines.ain.fr/chronologie/visualiser/11/n:136#id:12evenementdocument?gallery=true&center=1968.890625,-1776.9375&zoom=1&brightness=100.00&contrast=100.00l. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  6. "Géographie". Ain.fr. Conseil Général de l'Ain. http://www.ain.fr/jcms/cd_6840/geographie. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  7. "Crêt de la Neige, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9642. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  8. "Château-Gaillard, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598796&cityname=Ch%E2teau-Gaillard%2C+Rhone-Alpes%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 01-Ain" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=01&annee=2013. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  10. "Décret n° 2014-147 du 13 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Ain" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028621797. Retrieved 8 November 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]