Puy-de-Dôme

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Puy-de-Dôme
Department
Prefecture building of the Puy-de-Dôme department, in Clermont-Ferrand
Prefecture building of the Puy-de-Dôme department, in Clermont-Ferrand.
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Puy-de-Dôme in France
Location of Puy-de-Dôme in France
Coordinates: 45°42′N 03°13′E / 45.7°N 3.217°E / 45.7; 3.217Coordinates: 45°42′N 03°13′E / 45.7°N 3.217°E / 45.7; 3.217
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Clermont-Ferrand
Subprefectures Ambert, Issoire, Riom, Thiers
Government[1]
 • President Jean-Yves Gouttebe
Area[2]
 • Total 7,969.7 km2 (3,077.1 sq mi)
Population (2014)[3]
 • Total 644,216
 • Density 80.8332/km2 (209.3569/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Puydômois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-63
Arrondissements 5
Cantons 31
Communes 467
Website http://www.puy-de-dome.fr/

Puy-de-Dôme is a French department in the centre of France in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and named after the dormant volcano the Puy de Dôme. Its prefecture is the city of Clermont-Ferrand.

History[change | change source]

Puy-de-Dôme was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Puy-de-Dôme was formed with part of the old province of Auvergne.

It was divided in eight districts: Ambert, Besse, Billom, Clermont-Ferrand, Issoire, Montaigu, Riom and Thiers, with Clermont-Ferrand as is capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the eight districts were changed into five arrondissements: Ambert, Clermont-Ferrand, Issoire, Riom and Thiers. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Ambert was eliminated but, in 1942 Ambert became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Puy-de-Dôme is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, in east-central France, with an area of 7,969.7 km2 (3,077 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 2 other departments in 2 regions:

The department is in the Massif Central and there are several mountain chains; some of the chains and mountains are:

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the Puy-de-Dôme department, in the city of Clermont-Ferrand, is an oceanic climate, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average temperature for the year in Clermont-Ferrand, at an altitude of 330 m (1,080 ft), is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.6 °C (33.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Clermont-Ferrand is 612.1 mm (24.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 73.7 mm (2.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 30.5 mm (1.2 in).[6]

Administration[change | change source]

Puy-de-Dôme is part of the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Puy-de-Dôme in Clermont-Ferrand.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 5 arrondissements (districts), 31 cantons and 467 communes (municipalities) in Puy-de-Dôme.[7]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
631 Ambert Ambert 26,653 1,188.1 22.4 58
632 Clermont-Ferrand Clermont-Ferrand 375,518 1,796.5 209.0 75
633 Issoire Issoire 62,931 1,819.6 34.6 135
634 Riom Riom 121,158 2,299.7 52.7 155
635 Thiers Thiers 57,956 865.8 66.9 44

The following is a list of the 31 cantons of the Puy-de-Dôme department (with their INSEE codes), in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Puy-de-Dôme are known, in French, as Puydômois (women: Puydômoises).[11]

Puy-de-Dôme has a population, in 2014, of 644,216,[3] for a population density of 80.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Clermont-Ferrand, with 375,518 inhabitants, is by far the largest.[8]

Evolution of the population in Puy-de-Dôme

The most important cities in the department are:

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Clermont-Ferrand 141,365 Clermont-Ferrand
Cournon-d'Auvergne 19,515 Clermont-Ferrand
Riom 18,749 Riom
Chamalières 17,623 Clermont-Ferrand
Issoire 14,578 Issoire
Thiers 11,588 Thiers
Beaumont 11,060 Clermont-Ferrand
Pont-du-Château 10,655 Clermont-Ferrand
Gerzat 10,487 Clermont-Ferrand
Aubière 9,832 Clermont-Ferrand

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Bureau départemental" (in French). Conseil départemental du Puy-de-Dôme (63). http://www.puy-de-dome.fr/assemblee-departementale/bureau-departemental.html. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Puy-de-Dôme (63)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-63. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique du Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). Le SPLAF.
  5. "Puy de Sancy, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9698. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  6. "Clermont-Ferrand, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=74600&cityname=Clermont-Ferrand%2C+Auvergne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  7. "Département du Puy-de-Dôme (63)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP63-puy-de-dome. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep63.pdf. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  9. "Département du Puy-de-Dôme (63)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-63+ARR-631+ARR-632+ARR-633+ARR-634+ARR-635. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  10. "Décret n° 2014-210 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. 26 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028652558. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  11. "Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/puy-de-dome-63. Retrieved 17 October 2017.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]