Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha (Occitan)
|Dissolved||1 January 2016|
|• President||René Souchon (PS)|
|• Total||26,013 km2 (10,044 sq mi)|
|• Density||52/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-C|
|GDP (2012)||Ranked 19th|
|Total||€33.8 billion (US$47.29 bn)|
|Per capita||€24,920 (US$34,868)|
Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnha / Auvèrnhe) is a former administrative region of France. It is now part of the administrative region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. It is in the Massif Central in south-central France. The inhabitants of the region are known as Auvergnats.
History[change | change source]
Geography[change | change source]
The Auvergne region has an area of 26,013 km2 (10,044 sq mi), 4.8% of France's total surface area. It was surrounded by six other former regions: Burgundy to the northeast, Rhône-Alpes to the east and to the southeast, Languedoc-Roussillon to the south, Midi-Pyrénées to the southwest, Limousin to the west and Centre-Val de Loire to the northwest.
The landscape of the region varies greatly, with valleys, mountain, meadows and forests. Much of the regions is in the Massif Central, a high region in south-central France with mountains and plateaus.
There are many dormant volcanoes (volcanoes that are not active) in Auvergne, mainly in the Monts Dore and in the Chaîne des Puys. The highest point in Auvergne is the Puy de Sancy (), at 1,885 m (6,184 ft) high.
Auvergne has about 50 freshwater ponds and lakes. Some are high in the mountains and have volcanic origins. The Guéry Lake is, at 1,244 m (4,081 ft) high in the Puy-de-Dôme department, the highest lake in Auvergne.
The main rivers of the region are the:
- Loire, that runs through the Haute-Loire in the southeast and then, after returning from the Rhône-Alpes region, makes the northeastern border of the Allier department; and
- Allier, that runs though the centre of the region.
Departments[change | change source]
The Auvergne region was formed by four departments:
Demographics[change | change source]
The Auvergne region had a population, in 2012, of 1,354,104, for a population density of 52.1 inhabitants/km2.
The ten main cities in the department are:
Economy[change | change source]
The region is predominantly agricultural. Cattle are common and are used both for meat (beef) and for milk, which is made into a number of well-known cheeses such as Bleu d'Auvergne, Cantal, Fourme d'Ambert and Saint-Nectaire.
Four cheeses from Auvergne: Cantal, Bleu d'Auvergne, Fourme d'Ambert, Saint-Nectaire.
Gallery[change | change source]
Valley to the east of Noyant-d'Allier.
Making hay, Vallée de la Maronne, Cantal.
Bouchet lake, Haute-Loire.
Guéry Lake, Puy-de-Dôme.
Panoramic view from the Puy de Dôme.
References[change | change source]
- INSEE (31 December 2015). "Populations légales 2013" [2013 legal populations] (in French). Retrieved 30 March 2020.
- INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012" (in French). Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Departments of France". Statoids. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "France: Bourgogne (Burgundy)". City Population. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Puy de Sancy, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- "Populations légales 2012 des régions" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- "Les fromages d'Auvergne". France Bleu. Retrieved 21 July 2023.