Languedoc-Roussillon

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Coordinates: 43°36′43″N 3°52′38″E / 43.61194°N 3.87722°E / 43.61194; 3.87722
Languedoc-Roussillon
Region
Flag of Languedoc-Roussillon.svg
Flag
Blason région fr Languedoc-Roussillon.svg
Symbol
Country  France
Préfecture Montpellier
 - coordinates 43°36′43″N 3°52′38″E / 43.61194°N 3.87722°E / 43.61194; 3.87722
Highest point Pic Carlit
 - elevation 2,921 m (9,583 ft)
 - coordinates 42°34′11″N 1°55′55″E / 42.56972°N 1.93194°E / 42.56972; 1.93194
Area 27,376 km² (10,570 sq mi)
Population 2,700,266 (2012) [1]
Density 99 /km² (256 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 5 departments
14 arrondissements
186 cantons
1,545 communes
President Damien Alary
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Location of Languedoc-Roussillon (in red)
Location of Languedoc-Roussillon (in red)
Website: Languedoc-Roussillon Region

Languedoc-Roussillon (Occitan: Lengadòc-Rosselhon; Catalan: Llenguadoc-Rosselló) is a former administrative region of France. It is now part of the administrative region of Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées. It is the southernmost region of mainland France and borders to the south with Spain and Andorra.

The five departments in the region were Aude, Gard, Hérault, Lozère, and Pyrénées-Orientales.

Its capital was Montpellier, the largest city. In French, the name of the inhabitants of the region is Languedocien-Roussillonnais.

Etymology[change | change source]

The name of the province of Languedoc originates from the language spoken in southern France, langue d'oc, also known as Occitan, and Roussillon, an area in the South of present-day Languedoc-Roussillon.

Geography[change | change source]

The Languedoc-Roussillon region has an area of 27,376 km2 (10,570 sq mi). It borders to the south with Spain and Andorra; to the east is the Mediterranean Sea (the Gulf of Lion). It also borders four French regions: Midi-Pyrénées to the west, Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes to the north, and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA) to the northeast.

The highest point in Languedoc-Roussillon is Pic Carlit (42°34′11″N 01°55′55″E / 42.56972°N 1.93194°E / 42.56972; 1.93194 (Pic Carlit)) in the Pyrénées-Orientales department; it is 2,921 m (9,583 ft) high.[2]

Departments[change | change source]

The Languedoc-Roussillon region is formed by five departments:

Département Préfecture ISO
3166-2
Population
(2012)[3]
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Aude Carcassonne FR-11 362,339   6,139 59.0
Gard Nîmes FR-30 725,618 5,853 124.0
Hérault Montpellier FR-34 1,077,627 6,101 176.6
Lozère Mende FR-48 76,889 5,167 14.9
Pyrénées-Orientales Perpignan FR-66 457,793 4,116 111.2

Demographics[change | change source]

The Languedoc-Roussillon region has a population, in 2012, of 2,700,266,[1] for a population density of 98.6 inhabitants/km2.

The 10 most important cities in the region are:

Saint-Pierre cathedral, Montpellier
City Population
(2012)[3]
Départment
Montpellier 268456 Hérault
Nîmes 146,709 Gard
Perpignan 120,489 Pyrénées-Orientales
Béziers 72,970 Hérault
Narbonne 51,869 Aude
Carcassonne 47,068 Aude
Sète 44,558 Hérault
Alès 41,031 Gard
Lunel 25,405 Hérault
Agde 24,651 Hérault

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Populations légales 2012 des régions" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-regions.asp?annee=2012. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  2. "Le reliefs des Pyrénées-Orientales" (in French). A la découverte des Pyrénées Catalanes. http://pyreneescatalanes.free.fr/Decouvrir/Reliefs.php. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 17 June 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]