Languedoc-Roussillon

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Coordinates: 43°36′43″N 3°52′38″E / 43.61194°N 3.87722°E / 43.61194; 3.87722
Languedoc-Roussillon
Region
Flag of Languedoc-Roussillon.svg
Flag
Blason région fr Languedoc-Roussillon.svg
Symbol
Country  France
Préfecture Montpellier
 - coordinates 43°36′43″N 3°52′38″E / 43.61194°N 3.87722°E / 43.61194; 3.87722
Highest point Pic Carlit
 - elevation 2,921 m (9,583 ft)
 - coordinates 42°34′11″N 1°55′55″E / 42.56972°N 1.93194°E / 42.56972; 1.93194
Area 27,376 km² (10,570 sq mi)
Population 2,700,266 (2012) [1]
Density 99 /km² (256 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 5 departments
14 arrondissements
186 cantons
1,545 communes
President Damien Alary
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Location of Languedoc-Roussillon (in red)
Location of Languedoc-Roussillon (in red)
Website: Languedoc-Roussillon Region

Languedoc-Roussillon (Occitan: Lengadòc-Rosselhon; Catalan: Llenguadoc-Rosselló) is one of the 27 regions of France. It is the southernmost region of mainland France and borders to the south with Spain and Andorra.

There are five departments in the region; they are Aude, Gard, Hérault, Lozère, Pyrénées-Orientales.

Its capital and largest city is Montpellier. In French, the name of the inhabitants of the region is Languedocien-Roussillonnais.

As part of the changes in the territories of France, the region Languedoc-Rousillon will be combined on 1 January 2016 with the region Midi-Pyrénées, forming a new region with the provisional name of Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées.

Etymology[change | change source]

The name of the province of Languedoc originates from the language spoken in southern France, langue d'oc, also known as Occitan, and Roussillon, an area in the South of present day Languedoc-Roussillon.

Geography[change | change source]

The Languedoc-Roussillon region has an area of 27,376 km2 (10,570 sq mi). It borders to the south with Spain and Andorra; to the east is the Mediterranean Sea (the Gulf of Lion). It also borders four French regions: Midi-Pyrénées to the west, Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes to the north, and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA) to the northeast.

The highest point in Languedoc-Roussillon is Pic Carlit (42°34′11″N 01°55′55″E / 42.56972°N 1.93194°E / 42.56972; 1.93194 (Pic Carlit)) in the Pyrénées-Orientales department; it is 2,921 m (9,583 ft) high.[2]

Departments[change | change source]

The Languedoc-Roussillon region is formed by five departments:

Département Préfecture ISO
3166-2
Population
(2012)[3]
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Aude Carcassonne FR-11 362,339   6,139 59.0
Gard Nîmes FR-30 725,618 5,853 124.0
Hérault Montpellier FR-34 1,077,627 6,101 176.6
Lozère Mende FR-48 76,889 5,167 14.9
Pyrénées-Orientales Perpignan FR-66 457,793 4,116 111.2

Demographics[change | change source]

The Languedoc-Roussillon region has a population, in 2012, of 2,700,266,[1] for a population density of 98.6 inhabitants/km2.

The 10 most important cities in the department are:

Saint-Pierre cathedral, Montpellier
City Population
(2012)[3]
Départment
Montpellier 268456 Hérault
Nîmes 146,709 Gard
Perpignan 120,489 Pyrénées-Orientales
Béziers 72,970 Hérault
Narbonne 51,869 Aude
Carcassonne 47,068 Aude
Sète 44,558 Hérault
Alès 41,031 Gard
Lunel 25,405 Hérault
Agde 24,651 Hérault

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Populations légales 2012 des régions" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-regions.asp?annee=2012. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  2. "Le reliefs des Pyrénées-Orientales" (in French). A la découverte des Pyrénées Catalanes. http://pyreneescatalanes.free.fr/Decouvrir/Reliefs.php. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 17 June 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]