Hérault

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Hérault
Department
Prefecture building of the Hérault department, in Montpellier
Prefecture building of the Hérault department, in Montpellier
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Hérault in France
Location of Hérault in France
Coordinates: 43°21′N 3°13′E / 43.350°N 3.217°E / 43.350; 3.217Coordinates: 43°21′N 3°13′E / 43.350°N 3.217°E / 43.350; 3.217
Country France
Region Occitanie
Prefecture Montpellier
Subprefectures Béziers
Lodève
Government
 • President Kléber Mesquida[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 6,101 km2 (2,356 sq mi)
Population (2014)[3]
 • Total 1,107,398
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 181.511/km2 (470.11/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Héraultais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-34
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 25
Communes 343
Website http://www.herault.fr/

Hérault (Occitan: Erau) is a department in the region of Occitanie in southern France. It is named after the Hérault river.

The inhabitants of Hérault are known, in French, as Héraultais (women: Héraultaises).[4]

History[change | change source]

Hérault was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Aude was formed with part of the old province of Languedoc.

It was divided in four districts: Montpellier, Béziers, Lodève and Saint-Pons, with Montpellier as is capital.[5]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the four districts were changed into four arrondissements. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Lodève and Saint-Pons were eliminated but on 1 June 1942 Lodève became again an arrondissement.[5]

Geography[change | change source]

Hérault has an area of 6,101 km2 (2,356 sq mi).[2] It is surrounded by the departments of Aude, Aveyron, Tarn, and Gard, with the Gulf of Lion (Mediterranean Sea) to the east and southeast.

The main rivers in the department are the Orb and the Hérault which gives its name to the department.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate in Montpellier, in the northeast of the department near the Mediterranean coast, is a Mediterranean climate, a "dry-summer subtropical" climate, Csa in the Köppen climate classification.[6]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Montpellier is 629.9 mm (24.8 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 96.5 mm (3.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 15.2 mm (0.6 in). There are an average of 73.4 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in December with 9.2 days and the least precipitation occurring in July with 2.3 days.[6]

The average temperature for the year in Montpellier is 15.1 °C (59.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 24.1 °C (75.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 7.2 °C (45.0 °F).[6]

Administration[change | change source]

The département is managed by the Departamental Council of the Hérault in Montpellier. Hérault is part of the region of Occitanie.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 25 cantons and 343 communes (municipalities) in Hérault.[7]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
341 Béziers Béziers 312,443 2,986.8 104.6 152
342 Lodève Lodève 94,714 1,819.6 52.1 98
343 Montpellier Montpellier 700,241 1,294.6 540.9 93

The following is a list of the 25 cantons of the Hérault department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Agde (3401)
  2. Béziers-1 (3402)
  3. Béziers-2 (3403)
  4. Béziers-3 (3404)
  5. Cazouls-lès-Béziers (3405)
  6. Clermont-l'Hérault (3406)
  7. Le Crès (3407)
  8. Frontignan (3408)
  9. Gignac (3409)
  10. Lattes (3410)
  11. Lodève (3411)
  12. Lunel (3412)
  13. Mauguio (3413)
  14. Mèze (3414)
  15. Montpellier-1 (3415)
  16. Montpellier-2 (3416)
  17. Montpellier-3 (3417)
  18. Montpellier-4 (3418)
  19. Montpellier-5 (3419)
  20. Montpellier - Castelnau-le-Lez (3420)
  21. Pézenas (3421)
  22. Pignan (3422)
  23. Saint-Gély-du-Fesc (3423)
  24. Saint-Pons-de-Thomières (3424)
  25. Sète (3425)

Demographics[change | change source]

The Hérault department has a population, in 2014, of 1,107,398,[3] for a population density of 181.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Montpellier, with 700,241 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two arrondissements, Béziers and Lodève, have respectively 312,443 and 94,714 inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Hérault

The communes in the department with more of 10,000 inhabitants are:

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Montpellier 275,318 Montpellier
Béziers 75,701 Béziers
Sète 44,136 Montpellier
Agde 26,111 Béziers
Lunel 24,873 Montpellier
Frontignan 22,896 Montpellier
Castelnau-le-Lezl 19,157 Montpellier
Mauguio 16,765 Montpellier
Lattes 15,963 Montpellier
Mèze 11,196 Montpellier

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Composition de la Commision permanente" (PDF) (in French). Conseil départemental de l'Hérault. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de L'Hérault (34) - Résumé statistique". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  4. "Hérault (34)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Historique de l'Hérault". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Montpellier, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  7. "Département de l'Hérault (34)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  9. "Département de l'Hérault (34)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-258 du 26 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Hérault" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 

Other websites[change | change source]