Hérault

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Hérault
Department
Prefecture building of the Hérault department, in Montpellier
Prefecture building of the Hérault department, in Montpellier
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Hérault in France
Coordinates: 43°21′N 3°13′E / 43.35°N 3.217°E / 43.35; 3.217Coordinates: 43°21′N 3°13′E / 43.35°N 3.217°E / 43.35; 3.217
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Prefecture Montpellier
Subprefectures Béziers
Lodève
Government
 • President of the General Council Kléber Mesquida
Area[1]
 • Total 6,101 km2 (2,356 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 1,077,627
 • Rank 21st
 • Density 176.631/km2 (457.47/sq mi)
Demonym Héraultais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-34
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 25
Communes 343
Website http://www.herault.fr/

Hérault (Occitan: Erau) is a department in the region of Languedoc-Roussillon in southern France. It is named after the Hérault river.

The inhabitants of Hérault are known, in French, as Héraultais (women: Héraultaises).[3]

History[change | change source]

Hérault was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Aude was formed with part of the old province of Languedoc.

It was divided in four districts: Montpellier, Béziers, Lodève and Saint-Pons, with Montpellier as is capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the four districts were changed into four arrondissements. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Lodève and Saint-Pons were eliminated but on 1 June 1942 Lodève became again an arrondissement.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Hérault has an area of 6,101 km2 (2,356 sq mi).[1] It is surrounded by the departments of Aude, Aveyron, Tarn, and Gard, with the Gulf of Lion (Mediterranean Sea) to the east and southeast.

The main rivers in the department are the Orb and the Hérault which gives its name to the department.

Administration[change | change source]

The département is managed by the General Council of Hérault in Montpellier. Hérault is part of the region of Languedoc-Roussillon.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 25 cantons and 343 communes (municipalities) in Hérault.[5]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2012)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
341 Béziers Béziers 304,108   2,987   101.8 152
342 Lodève Lodève 92,176   1,820   50.6 98
343 Montpellier Montpellier 681,343   1,295   526.1 93

The following is a list of the 25 cantons of the Hérault department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[7]

  1. Agde
  2. Béziers-1
  3. Béziers-2
  4. Béziers-3
  5. Cazouls-lès-Béziers
  6. Clermont-l'Hérault
  7. Le Crès
  8. Frontignan
  9. Gignac
  10. Lattes
  11. Lodève
  12. Lunel
  13. Mauguio
  14. Mèze
  15. Montpellier-1
  16. Montpellier-2
  17. Montpellier-3
  18. Montpellier-4
  19. Montpellier-5
  20. Montpellier - Castelnau-le-Lez
  21. Pézenas
  22. Pignan
  23. Saint-Gély-du-Fesc
  24. Saint-Pons-de-Thomières
  25. Sète

Demographics[change | change source]

The Hérault department has a population, in 2012, of 1,077,627,[2] for a population density of 176.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Montpellier, with 681,343 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two arrondissements, Béziers and Lodève, have respectively 304,108 and 92,176 inhabitants.[6]

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2012)[6]
Arrondissement
Montpellier 268,456 Montpellier
Béziers 72,970 Béziers
Sète 44,558 Montpellier
Lunel 25,405 Montpellier
Agde 24,651 Béziers
Frontignan 22,728 Montpellier
Mauguio 16,786 Montpellier
Castelnau-le-Lezl 16,664 Montpellier
Lattes 15,719 Montpellier

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de L'Hérault (34) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-34. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  3. "Hérault (34)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_herault_34.html. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de l'Hérault" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/34his.html. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. "Département de L'Hérault (34)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/cog.asp?nivgeo=dep&codgeo=34. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Populations lègales 2012 - 34-Hérault" (in French). Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=34&annee=2012. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  7. "Décret n° 2014-258 du 26 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Hérault" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028664358. Retrieved 21 July 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]