Tarn

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Tarn
Department
Part of the old city of Albi
Old city and Tarn river, Albi
Flag of Tarn
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Tarn in France
Coordinates: 43°49′N 2°12′E / 43.817°N 2.2°E / 43.817; 2.2Coordinates: 43°49′N 2°12′E / 43.817°N 2.2°E / 43.817; 2.2
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Albi
Subprefecture Castres
Government
 • President of the General Council Thierry Carcenac
Area[1]
 • Total 5,757.9 km2 (2,223.1 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 378,947
 • Rank 62th
 • Density 65.8134/km2 (170.4559/sq mi)
Demonym Tarnais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-81
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 46
Communes 323
Website http://www.tarn.fr

Tarn (Occitan: Tarn) is a French department located in the Midi-Pyrénées region in the southwest of France named after the Tarn river. Its prefecture and largest city is Albi.

History[change | change source]

Tarn is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from a part of the old province of Languedoc.

The new department had five districts: Albi, Castres, Lavaur, Gaillac, Lacaune. The capitals (now prefectures) were, alternatively, Albi and Castres but, from 1790 to 1797, the capital was only Albi; in 1797, the capital was moved to Castres.[3]

In 1800, Albi became again the capital of the department and the arrondissements were created; the department had four arrondissements: Albi, Castres, Gaillac and Lavaur. In 1926, the arrondissements of Gaillac and Lavaur were eliminated.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Tarn is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region and has an area of 5,757.9 km2 (2,223 sq mi).[1]

The department borders with 2 regions and 5 departments:

While the valley of the Tarn river, the main river of the department, form a plain, the central part of the department is hilly. The main mountain ranges are the Monts de Lacaune, in the southeast, and the Montagne Noire in the south.

The Monts de Lacaune ("Mountains of Lacaune") mountain range is near the town of Lacaune; its highest point, and the highest of the Tarn department, is Puech Montgrand, 1,267 m (4,157 ft) high.

The Montagne Noire (Occitan: Montanha Negra, lit. "Black Mountain") is a mountain range in central southern France. It is located at the southwestern end of the Massif Central in the border area of the Tarn, Hérault and Aude departments. Its highest point is the Pic de Nore at 1,210 m (3,970 ft) high. The mountain is within the Parc naturel régional du Haut-Languedoc.

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Tarn in Albi. Tarn is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 46 cantons and 323 communes (municipalities) in Tarn.

Arrondissement capital Population[4]
(2012)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Albi Albi 186,515   2,732   68.3 23 170
Castres Castres 192,432   3,026   63.6 23 153
Vineyard at Cahuzac-sur-Vère
Saint Alain cathedral, Lavaur

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Tarn are known, in French, as Tarnais (women: Tarnaises).[5]

Tarn has a population, in 2012, of 378,947,[2] for a population density of 65.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Castres, with 192,432 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. The arrondissement of Albi has 186,515 inhabitants.[4]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Albi (49,231). The subprefecture of Castres has 41,529 inhabitants.[4]

The cities with more than 6,000 inhabitants in the department are:

Lavaur: Garden in front of the Saint Alain cathedral.
City Population
(2012)[4]
Arrondissement
Albi 49,231 Albi
Castres 41,529 Castres
Gaillac 13,820 Albi
Graulhet 11,890 Castres
Lavaur 10,242 Castres
Mazamet 10,093 Castres
Saint-Sulpice 8,327 Castres
Saint-Juéry 6,715 Albi
Labruguière 6,365 Castres
Aussillon 6,167 Castres

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département du Tarn (81) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-81. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Historique du Tarn" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/81his.html. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Populations lègales 2012 - 81-Tarn" (in French). Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=81&annee=2012. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  5. "Tarn (81)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_tarn_81.html. Retrieved 26 May 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]