Tarn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tarn
Department
Part of the old city of Albi
Old city and Tarn river, Albi
Flag of Tarn
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Tarn in France
Location of Tarn in France
Coordinates: 43°49′N 2°12′E / 43.817°N 2.2°E / 43.817; 2.2Coordinates: 43°49′N 2°12′E / 43.817°N 2.2°E / 43.817; 2.2
Country France
Region Occitanie
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Albi
Subprefecture Castres
Government
 • President of the General Council Thierry Carcenac[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 5,757.9 km2 (2,223.1 sq mi)
Population (2013)[3]
 • Total 381,927
 • Density 66.3310/km2 (171.7964/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Tarnais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-81
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 23
Communes 320
Website http://www.tarn.fr

Tarn (Occitan: Tarn) is a French department in the Occitanie region in the southwest of France named after the Tarn river.

Its prefecture and largest city is Albi.

History[change | change source]

Tarn is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from a part of the old province of Languedoc.

The new department had five districts: Albi, Castres, Lavaur, Gaillac, Lacaune. The capitals (now prefectures) were, alternatively, Albi and Castres but, from 1790 to 1797, the capital was only Albi; in 1797, the capital was moved to Castres.[4]

In 1800, Albi became again the capital of the department and the arrondissements were created; the department had four arrondissements: Albi, Castres, Gaillac and Lavaur. In 1926, the arrondissements of Gaillac and Lavaur were eliminated.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Tarn is part of the Occitanie region and has an area of 5,757.9 km2 (2,223 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 5 departments, all in the Occitanie region:

While the valley of the Tarn river, the main river of the department, forms a plain, the central part of the department is hilly. The main mountain ranges are the Monts de Lacaune, in the southeast, and the Montagne Noire in the south.

The Monts de Lacaune ("Mountains of Lacaune") mountain range is near the town of Lacaune; its highest point, and the highest of the Tarn department, is Puech de Rascas, (43°40′52″N 2°43′41″E / 43.68111°N 2.72806°E / 43.68111; 2.72806 (Puech de Rascas)), at 1,270 m (4,170 ft) above sea level.[5]

The Montagne Noire (Occitan: Montanha Negra, lit. "Black Mountain") is a mountain range in central southern France. It is located at the southwestern end of the Massif Central in the border area of the Tarn, Hérault and Aude departments. Its highest point is the Pic de Nore (43°25′28″N 2°27′45″E / 43.42444°N 2.4625°E / 43.42444; 2.4625 (Pic de Nore)) at 1,211 m (3,973 ft) high.[6] The mountain is within the Parc naturel régional du Haut-Languedoc.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Albi is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[7]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Albi is 1,023.6 mm (40.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 101.6 mm (4.0 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 66 mm (2.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Albi is 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.3 °C (72.1 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.4 °C (41.7 °F).

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Tarn in Albi. Tarn is part of the region of Occitanie.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 320 communes (municipalities) in Tarn.[8]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[9]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
811 Albi Albi 188,161 2,731.7 68.9 169
812 Castres Castres 193,766 3,026.2 64.0 151

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Tarn department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Tarn are known, in French, as Tarnais (women: Tarnaises).[11]

Tarn has a population, in 2013, of 381,927,[3] for a population density of 66.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Castres, with 193,766 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. The arrondissement of Albi has 188,161 inhabitants.[9]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Albi (49,342). The subprefecture of Castres has 41,636 inhabitants.[9]

The cities with more than 6,000 inhabitants in the department are:

Lavaur: Garden in front of the Saint Alain cathedral.
City Population
(2013)[9]
Arrondissement
Albi 49,342 Albi
Castres 41,636 Castres
Gaillac 14,334 Albi
Graulhet 11,807 Castres
Lavaur 10,691 Castres
Mazamet 10,118 Castres
Carmaux 9,668 Albi
Saint-Sulpice 8,484 Castres
Saint-Juéry 6,749 Albi
Labruguière 6,442 Castres
Aussillon 6,148 Castres

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le Président" (in French). Tarn.fr. http://www.tarn.fr/fr/conseil-general/assemblee-departementale/Pages/assembleedep/president.aspx. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Tarn (81) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-81. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique du Tarn" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/81his.html. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  5. "Puech de Rascas, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=37159. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  6. "Pic de Nore, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9713. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  7. "Albi, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598852&cityname=Albi%2C+Midi-Pyrenees%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  8. "Département du Tarn (81)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/cog.asp?nivgeo=dep&codgeo=81. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 81-Tarn" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=81&annee=2013. Retrieved Département du Tarn (81).
  10. "Décret n° 2014-170 du 17 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Tarn" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028626279. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  11. "Tarn (81)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_tarn_81.html. Retrieved 26 May 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]