Indre (department)

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Indre
Department
Prefecture building of the Indre department
Prefecture building of the Indre department, in Châteauroux
Flag of Indre
Flag
Coat of arms of Indre
Coat of arms
Location of Indre in France
Location of Indre in France
Coordinates: 46°46′N 1°36′E / 46.767°N 1.6°E / 46.767; 1.6Coordinates: 46°46′N 1°36′E / 46.767°N 1.6°E / 46.767; 1.6
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Châteauroux
Subprefectures Le Blanc, La Châtre, Issoudun
Government
 • President of the General Council Serge Descout
Area[1]
 • Total 6,790.6 km2 (2,621.9 sq mi)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 228,091
 • Density 33.5892/km2 (86.9957/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Indriens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR36
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 13
Communes 243
Website Official website

Indre is a department in the centre of France in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It is named after the Indre river, the most important river in the department.

Its prefecture is Châteauroux.

History[change | change source]

The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created from part of the former province of Berry.

The new department had six districts: Issoudun, Châteauroux, Argenton, Le Blanc, La Châtre and Marennes. The capital (now prefecture) was Châteauroux.[3]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Saintes, Châteauroux, Le Blanc, La Châtre and Issoudun.[3]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Issoudun was eliminated but in 1942 it was made again an arrondissement.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Indre is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of 6,790.6 km2 (2,622 sq mi).[1]

The highest point of the department is Terrior Randoin (46°27′7″N 1°58′59″E / 46.45194°N 1.98306°E / 46.45194; 1.98306), in the commune of Pouligny-Notre-Dame, and that is 457 m (1,499 ft) above sea level. that is 777 m (2,549 ft) high.[4]

The department is bordered by the departments: Loir-et-Cher, Cher, Creuse, Vienne, Haute-Vienne and Indre-et-Loire.

The main rivers are:

  • Creuse, a tributary of the Vienne, is 264 kilometres (164 mi) long.
  • Claise, 88 kilometres (55 mi) long and a tributary of the Creuse.
  • Indre, that flows centrally through the department from south to north, through the major towns of La Châtre, Châteauroux and Loches. It is a tributary of the Loire, joining it at Chinon in the neighbouring department of Loir-et-Cher.

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Indre in Châteauroux. Indre is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 13 cantons and 243 communes (municipalities) in Indre.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[5]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
361 Le Blanc Le Blanc 32,168   1,760.8   18.3 56
362 Châteauroux Châteauroux 127,499   2,524.3   50.5 80
363 La Châtre La Châtre 33,172   1,323.2   25.1 58
364 Issoudun Issoudun 35,252   1,182.3   29.8 49

The following is a list of the 13 cantons of the Indre department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[6]

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Indre are known, in French, as Indriens (women: Indriennes).[7]

Indre has a population, in 2013, of 228,091,[2] for a population density of 33.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Châteauroux, with 127,499 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other three, Issoudun, La Châtre and Le Blanc, have respectively 35,252, 33,172 and 32,168 inhabitants.[5]

The city with more people living in it is Châteauroux (45,209).[5]

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2013)[5]
Arrondissement
Châteauroux 45,209 Châteauroux
Issoudun 12,420 Issoudun
Déols 7,889 Châteauroux
Le Blanc 6,721 Le Blanc
Le Poinçonnet 5,808 Châteauroux
Argenton-sur-Creuse 5,039 Châteauroux

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de L'Indre (36) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-36. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique de l'Indre" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/36his.html. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  4. "Terrior Randoin, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9684. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 36-Indre" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=36&annee=2013. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  6. Décret n° 2014-178 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Indre
  7. "Indre (36)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/indre-36. Retrieved 12 September 2016.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]