Bouches-du-Rhône

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Bouches-du-Rhône
Prefecture building of the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in Marseille
Prefecture building of the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in Marseille
Flag of Bouches-du-Rhône
Coat of arms of Bouches-du-Rhône
Location of Bouches-du-Rhône in France
Location of Bouches-du-Rhône in France
Coordinates: 43°30′N 5°5′E / 43.500°N 5.083°E / 43.500; 5.083Coordinates: 43°30′N 5°5′E / 43.500°N 5.083°E / 43.500; 5.083
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-
Côte d'Azur
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureMarseille
SubprefecturesAix-en-Provence, Arles, Istres
Government
 • PresidentMartine Vassal
Area
 • Total5,087.5 km2 (1,964.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total2,006,069
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-13
Arrondissements4
Cantons29
Communes135
WebsiteBouches-du-Rhône Council

Bouches-du-Rhône (Occitan: Bocas de Ròse, lit. "Mouths of the Rhône") is a department in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhône River. It is the department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region with more people living in it.

History[change | change source]

Bouches-du-Rhône is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was made with part of the old province of Provence and was divided in six districts: Tarascon, Apt, Aix, Marseille, Salon and Arles, with Aix as is capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into three arrondissements: Marseille, Aix and Tarascon. The prefecture was moved from Aix to Marseille.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

In 1817, the subprefecture of Tarascon was moved to Arles. The arrondissement of Istres was created in 1981.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

The Bouches-du-Rhône department is part of the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It has an area of 5,087.5 km2 (1,964 sq mi).[2]

The department is surrounded by 3 departments in 2 regions:

The Mediterranean Sea is to the south and there is 190 km (120 mi) of coast.

The highest mountain in Bouches-du-Rhône is Bertagne (43°18′44″N 05°41′21″E / 43.31222°N 5.68917°E / 43.31222; 5.68917 (Bertagne)) in the Sainte-Baume Mountains. Bertagne is in the east of the department near the border with the Var department. It is 1,041 m (3,415 ft) high.[5]

The Rhone River is the western border of the department, and Durance River is its northern border. South of Arles, the Rhone divides into the Grand Rhone (Large Rhone) and the Petit Rhone (Small Rhone). The area between the Grand Rhone and the Petit Rhone is a large wetland called the Camargue.

The Frioul Archipelago is a group of 4 islands in the Mediterranean Sea almost 4 kilometres (2 miles) from Marseille.

Climate[change | change source]

The type of climate around Marseille is called the Mediterranean climate, with a subtype called Csa.[6] The area around Marseille, at an altitude of about 35 m (115 ft), has dry summers.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Marseille is 584.2 mm (23.0 in). October has the highest average precipitation with 94 mm (3.7 in) and July the lowest with 15.2 mm (0.6 in).

The average temperature in Marseille is 15 °C (59 °F). July is warmest, with an average temperature of 23.9 °C (75.0 °F). January is coolest, with an average temperature of 6.7 °C (44.1 °F).

Climate data for Marseille, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10
(50)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
28
(82)
28
(82)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
11
(52)
19
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
16
(61)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
20
(68)
15
(59)
10
(50)
7
(45)
14
(58)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
3
(37)
5
(41)
6
(43)
12
(54)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
15
(59)
11
(52)
6
(43)
3
(37)
10
(49)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.6)
40
(1.6)
40
(1.6)
40
(1.6)
40
(1.6)
20
(0.8)
10
(0.4)
20
(0.8)
60
(2.4)
90
(3.5)
70
(2.8)
50
(2.0)
520
(20.7)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Bouches-du-Rhône is managed by a departmental council in Marseille. The department is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

Bouches-du-Rhône has 4 arrondissements (districts), 29 cantons, and 135 communes (municipalities).[7]

Arrondissements of Bouches-du-Rhône
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
131 Aix-en-Provence Aix-en-Provence 429,436 1,532.4 280.2 44
132 Arles Arles 205,529 2,284.3 90.0 36
133 Marseille Marseille 1,058,615 671.6 1,576.3 37
134 Istres Istres 312,489 599.3 521.4 18

Recently the French government decided to reorganise all the nation's cantons. This change went into effect in March 2015. These are the 29 reorganised cantons of the Bouches-du-Rhône department:[10]

  1. Aix-en-Provence-1 (1301)
  2. Aix-en-Provence-2 (1302)
  3. Allauch (1303)
  4. Arles (1304)
  5. Aubagne (1305)
  6. Berre-l'Étang (1306)
  7. Châteaurenard (1307)
  8. La Ciotat (1308)
  9. Gardanne (1309)
  10. Istres (1310)
  11. Marignane (1311)
  12. Marseille-1 (1312)
  13. Marseille-2 (1313)
  14. Marseille-3 (1314)
  15. Marseille-4 (1315)
  16. Marseille-5 (1316)
  17. Marseille-6 (1317)
  18. Marseille-7 (1318)
  19. Marseille-8 (1319)
  20. Marseille-9 (1320)
  21. Marseille-10 (1321)
  22. Marseille-11 (1322)
  23. Marseille-12 (1323)
  24. Martigues (1324)
  25. Pélissanne (1325)
  26. Salon-de-Provence-1 (1326)
  27. Salon-de-Provence-2 (1327)
  28. Trets (1328)
  29. Vitrolles (1329)

Demographics[change | change source]

People who live in the Bouches-du-Rhône department are known, in French, as Buccorhodaniens (men) or Buccorhodaniennes (women).[11][why?]

In 2014, Bouches-du-Rhône had 2,006,069 people living there, [2] or 394.3 people/km2. In the same year, the Marseille arrondissement had the highest population of the four arrondissements: 1,058,615.[8]

Population growth in Bouches-du-Rhône

These are the 10 communes with the highest population:[8]

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Marseille 858,120 Marseille
Aix-en-Provence 142,149 Aix-en-Provence
Arles 52,697 Arles
Martigues 48,870 Istres
Aubagne 45,128 Marseille
Salon-de-Provence 44,187 Aix-en-Provence
Istres 43,463 Istres
La Ciotat 35,631 Marseille
Vitrolles 34,236 Istres
Marignane 34,154 Istres

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "L'Assemblée et les élus" (in French). Département des Bouches-du-Rhône. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Département des Bouches-du-Rhône (13)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  3. "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique des Bouches-du-Rhône". Le SPLAF (in French). Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  5. "Bertagne, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  6. "Marseille, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  7. "Département des Bouches-du-Rhône (13)". Géographie administrative et d'étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  9. "Département des Bouches-du-Rhône (13)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  10. "Décret n° 2014-271 du 27 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Bouches-du-Rhône" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  11. "Habitants du départment: Bouches-du-Rhône" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 5 January 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]