Bouches-du-Rhône

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Bouches-du-Rhône
Department
Prefecture]building of the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in Marseille
Prefecture building of the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in Marseille
Flag of Bouches-du-Rhône
Flag
Coat of arms of Bouches-du-Rhône
Coat of arms
Location of Bouches-du-Rhône in France
Location of Bouches-du-Rhône in France
Coordinates: 43°30′N 5°5′E / 43.5°N 5.083°E / 43.5; 5.083Coordinates: 43°30′N 5°5′E / 43.5°N 5.083°E / 43.5; 5.083
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-
Côte d'Azur
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Marseille
Subprefectures Aix-en-Provence, Arles, Istres
Government[1]
 • President of the Departmental Council Martine Vassal
Area[2]
 • Total 5,087.5 km2 (1,964.3 sq mi)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 1,993,177
 • Density 391.779/km2 (1,014.704/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-13
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 29
Communes 119
Website Bouches-du-Rhône Council

Bouches-du-Rhône (Occitan: Bocas de Ròse, lit. "Mouths of the Rhône") is a department in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhône River. It is the department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region with more people living in it.

History[change | change source]

Bouches-du-Rhône is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was made with part of the old province of Provence and was divided in six districts: Tarascon, Apt, Aix, Marseille, Salon and Arles, with Aix as is capital.[3]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into three arrondissements: Marseille, Aix and Tarascon. The prefecture was moved from Aix to Marseille.[3]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

In 1817, the subprefecture of Tarascon was moved to Arles. The arrondissement of Istres was created in 1981.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

The Bouches-du-Rhône department is part of the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It is surrounded by the 3 departments in 2 regions:

The Mediterranean Sea is to the south, 190 km (120 mi) of coast.

Bouches-du-Rhône has an area of 5,087.5 km2 (1,964 sq mi).[2] Its highest point is Bertagne (43°18′44″N 05°41′21″E / 43.31222°N 5.68917°E / 43.31222; 5.68917 (Bertagne)) in the eastern part of the department, near the border with the Var department in the massif de la Sainte-Baume; it is 1,041 m (3,415 ft) high.[4].

The department is bordered by the Rhone river to the west and the Durance river to the north. The Rhone divides into the Grand Rhone and Petit Rhone south of Arles; the area between forms the Camargue, a large wetland.

The Frioul archipelago is a group of 4 islands in the Mediterranean Sea approximately at 4 kilometres (2 miles) from Marseille.

Climate[change | change source]

The area around Marseille, at an altitude of about 35 m (115 ft), is characterized by climates with dry summers. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Marseille is a "Mediterranean climate" and of the subtype "Csa".[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Marseille is 584.2 mm (23.0 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 94 mm (3.7 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 15.2 mm (0.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Marseille is 15 °C (59 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 23.9 °C (75.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 6.7 °C (44.1 °F).

Climate data for Marseille, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10
(50)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
28
(82)
28
(82)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
11
(52)
18.7
(65.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
16
(61)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
20
(68)
15
(59)
10
(50)
7
(45)
14.2
(57.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
3
(37)
5
(41)
6
(43)
12
(54)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
15
(59)
11
(52)
6
(43)
3
(37)
9.6
(49.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
20
(0.79)
10
(0.39)
20
(0.79)
60
(2.36)
90
(3.54)
70
(2.76)
50
(1.97)
520
(20.47)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Bouches-du-Rhône is managed by the Departmental Council of Bouches-du-Rhône in Marseille. The department is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 29 cantons and 119 communes (municipalities) in Bouches-du-Rhône.

Arrondissements of Bouches-du-Rhône
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2013)
Area[6]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
131 Aix-en-Provence Aix-en-Provence 425,725 1,532.4 277.8 44
132 Arles Arles 202,919 2,284.3 88.8 36
133 Marseille Marseille 1,054,525 671.6 1,570.2 21
134 Istres Istres 310,008 599.3 517.3 18

The following is a list of the 29 cantons of the Bouches-du-Rhône department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[7]

  1. Aix-en-Provence-1
  2. Aix-en-Provence-2
  3. Allauch
  4. Arles
  5. Aubagne
  6. Berre-l'Étang
  7. Châteaurenard
  8. La Ciotat
  9. Gardanne
  10. Istres
  11. Marignane
  12. Marseille-1
  13. Marseille-2
  14. Marseille-3
  15. Marseille-4
  16. Marseille-5
  17. Marseille-6
  18. Marseille-7
  19. Marseille-8
  20. Marseille-9
  21. Marseille-10
  22. Marseille-11
  23. Marseille-12
  24. Martigues
  25. Pélissanne
  26. Salon-de-Provence-1
  27. Salon-de-Provence-2
  28. Trets
  29. Vitrolles

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of the Bouches-du-Rhône department are known, in French, as Buccorhodaniens or (women: Buccorhodaniennes),[8]

Bouches-du-Rhône had a population, in 2013, of 1,993,177,[2] for a population density of 391.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Marseille, with 1,054,525 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Bouches-du-Rhône

The 10 communes with more inhabitants in the Bouches-du-Rhône department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Marseille 855,393 Marseille
Aix-en-Provence 141,545 Aix-en-Provence
Arles 52,566 Arles
Martigues 47,904 Istres
Aubagne 45,303 Marseille
Istres 42,937 Istres
Salon-de-Provence 44,263 Aix-en-Provence
Vitrolles 34,493 Istres
Marignane 33,986 Istres
La Ciotat 34,655 Marseille

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Le Conseil de Provence" (in French). Conseil de Provence. https://www.departement13.fr/conseildeprovence/. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Département des Bouches-du-Rhône (13)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-13. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique des Bouches-du-Rhône" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/13his.html. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  4. "Bertagne, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9889. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  5. "Marseille, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=5670&cityname=Marseille%2C+Provence-Alpes-Cote+d%27Azur%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Département des Bouches-du-Rhône (13) et Arrondissements" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-13+ARR-131+ARR-132+ARR-133+ARR-134. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  7. "Décret n° 2014-271 du 27 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Bouches-du-Rhône" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028664760. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  8. "Habitants du départment: Bouches-du-Rhône" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/bouches-du-rhone-13. Retrieved 5 January 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]