Hautes-Alpes

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Hautes-Alpes
Department
Prefecture building of the Hautes-Alpes department, in Gap
Prefecture building of the Hautes-Alpes department, in Gap
Flag of Hautes-Alpes
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Hautes-Alpes in France
Location of Hautes-Alpes in France
Coordinates: 44°40′N 6°20′E / 44.667°N 6.333°E / 44.667; 6.333Coordinates: 44°40′N 6°20′E / 44.667°N 6.333°E / 44.667; 6.333
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Gap
Subprefectures Briançon
Government
 • President of the General Council Jean-Marie Bernard[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 5,548.7 km2 (2,142.4 sq mi)
Population (2013)[3]
 • Total 139,279
 • Density 25.1012/km2 (65.0118/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Haut-Alpins
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-05
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 15
Communes 168
Website www.hautes-alpes.fr

Hautes-Alpes (Occitan: Auts Aups) is a department in southeastern France, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It is named after the Alps mountain range. Its prefecture is Gap.

History[change | change source]

Map of Hautes-Alpes.

The department of the Hautes-Alpes was one of the 83 original departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with the southeastern part of the old province of the Dauphiné.

It was divided in four districts: Briançon, Embrun, Gap and Serres, with Chorges as its capital but during that same year the capital was moved to Gap.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the four districts were changed into three arrondissements: Gap, Briançon and Embrun.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Embrun was eliminated.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, the department was occupied by troops from Austria and of the Kingdom of Sardinia.

During World War II, the department was occupied by the fascist Italy.

Geography[change | change source]

Hautes-Alpes is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has an area of 5,548.7 km2 (2,142 sq mi).[2]

The department is surrounded by the Piedmont region (Italy) and four departments:

Hautes-Alpes is in the Alps mountain range. The average elevation is over 1,000 m (3,300 ft). The third highest commune in all of Europe is the village of Saint-Véran. Gap and Briançon are the highest prefecture and subprefecture in France.

The highest point is Barre des Écrins (44°55′19″N 06°21′34″E / 44.92194°N 6.35944°E / 44.92194; 6.35944 (Barre des Écrins)), in the commune of Pelvoux; it is 4,102 m (13,458 ft) high.[5] The lowest point is in the valley of the Buëch river, with an altitude of 470 m (1,542 ft).

The main rivers in Hautes-Alpes are the Durance, a tributary of the Rhône river, Buëch and Drac.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Embrun is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype "Cfc".[6]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Embrun is 1,173.5 mm (46.2 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 119.4 mm (4.7 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 66 mm (2.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Embrun is 10.7 °C (51.3 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.2 °C (68.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2 °C (36 °F).

Climate data for Embrun, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
8.4
(47.1)
12.4
(54.3)
15.2
(59.4)
19.7
(67.5)
23.8
(74.8)
27.3
(81.1)
27.0
(80.6)
22.3
(72.1)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
16.49
(61.69)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2
(36)
3
(37)
6.5
(43.7)
9.3
(48.7)
13.6
(56.5)
17.2
(63)
20.2
(68.4)
20
(68)
16
(61)
11.7
(53.1)
6
(43)
2.7
(36.9)
10.7
(51.2)
Average low °C (°F) -2.8
(27)
-2.5
(27.5)
0.6
(33.1)
3.4
(38.1)
7.5
(45.5)
10.6
(51.1)
13.1
(55.6)
12.9
(55.2)
9.6
(49.3)
6.2
(43.2)
1.1
(34)
-1.7
(28.9)
4.83
(40.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 91.7
(3.61)
83.2
(3.276)
84.7
(3.335)
115.5
(4.547)
118.4
(4.661)
88.7
(3.492)
67.1
(2.642)
84.2
(3.315)
109.3
(4.303)
114.3
(4.5)
108.7
(4.28)
108.2
(4.26)
1,174
(46.22)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Hautes-Alpes is managed by the General Council of Hautes-Alpes in Gap. The department is part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 15 cantons and 168 communes (municipalities) in Hautes-Alpes.

Arrondissements of the Hautes-Alpes
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
051 Briançon Briançon 35,540 2,138.1 16.6 38
052 Gap Gap 103,739 3,410.5 30.4 130

The following is a list of the 15 cantons of the Hautes-Alpes department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

  1. L'Argentière-la-Bessée
  2. Briançon-1
  3. Briançon-2
  4. Chorges
  5. Embrun
  6. Gap-1
  7. Gap-2
  8. Gap-3
  9. Gap-4
  10. Guillestre
  11. Laragne-Montéglin
  12. Saint-Bonnet-en-Champsaur
  13. Serres
  14. Tallard
  15. Veynes

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Hautes-Alpes are known, in French, as Haut-Alpins (women: Haut-Alpines).[9]

Hautes-Alpes had a population, in 2013, of 139,279,[3] for a population density of 25.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Gap, with 103,739 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[7]

The communes in the department with more than 3,000 inhabitants are:[7]

City Population
(2013)[7]
Arrondissement
Gap 40,255 Gap
Briançon 12,190 Briançon
Embrun 6,123 Gap
Laragne-Montéglin 3,491 Gap
Veynes 3,150 Gap

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Jean-Marie BERNARD". Conseil Général des Hautes-Alpes. http://www.hautes-alpes.fr/5302-jean-marie-bernard.htm. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département des Alpes-de-Hautes-Alpes (05) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-05. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique des Hautes-Alpes" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/05his.html. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  5. "Barre des Écrins, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9904. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  6. "Embrun, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598799&cityname=Embrun%2C+Provence-Alpes-Cote+d%27Azur%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 05-Hautes-Alpes" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=05&annee=2013. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  8. "Décret n° 2014-193 du 20 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Hautes-Alpes" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028638289. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  9. "Habitants du départment: Hautes-Alpes (05)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/hautes-alpes-05. Retrieved 27 September 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]