Barre des Écrins
|Barre des Écrins|
|Elevation||4,102 m (13,458 ft)|
|Prominence||2,044 m (6,706 ft)|
|Isolation||107.3 km (66.7 mi)|
|Parent range||Dauphiné Alps|
|First ascent||25 June 1864|
|Easiest route||snow/rock climb|
The Barre des Écrins is a mountain in the French Alps. It is the highest peak of the Massif des Écrins and of the Dauphiné Alps mountain range. It is in the Écrins National Park (French: Parc national des Écrins), one of the ten French national parks.
It is the only mountain 4,000 m (13,123 ft) or higher in France that is outside the Mont Blanc Massif. Before the annexation of Savoy, that was part of the Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1860, it was the highest mountain in France.
Geography[change | change source]
Barre des Écrins is surrounded by four glaciers:
- Glacier Blanc, on the north side. It is 5 km (3.1 mi) long.
- Glacier Noir; its northern part is on the southwestern side of the mountain. It is 3 km (1.9 mi) long.
- Glacier de la Pilatte, or Glacier du Vallon de la Pillate, on the western side. It is short, 1.5 km (0.9 mi) long, and divided now in three parts.
- Glacier de Bonne Pierre, to the northwest of the mountain. It is 3 km (1.9 mi) long.
History[change | change source]
The first recorded ascension of the peak was made on 25 June 1864 by the Englishmen Adolphus Warburton Moore, Horace Walker and Edward Whymper, guided by Michel Croz from Chamonix and Christian Almer from Switzerland.
References[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barre des Écrins.|
- Barre des Écrins at Altituderando.com (in French)