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Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Flag of Tarn-et-Garonne
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Tarn-et-Garonne in France
Location of Tarn-et-Garonne in France
Coordinates: 44°0′N 1°20′E / 44°N 1.333°E / 44; 1.333Coordinates: 44°0′N 1°20′E / 44°N 1.333°E / 44; 1.333
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 November 1808
Prefecture Montauban
Subprefecture Castelsarrasin
 • President of the General Council Jean-Michel Baylet
 • Total 3,718.3 km2 (1,435.6 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 246,971
 • Rank 80th
 • Density 66.4204/km2 (172.0281/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Tarn-et-Garonais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-82
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 30
Communes 195
Website http://www.cg82.fr

Tarn-et-Garonne is a department in the southwest of France, in the Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées region. It is named after the Garonne river and its tributary Tarn. Its prefecture and largest city is Montauban.

History[change | change source]

Tarn-et-Garonne is not one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created on 4 November 1808 during the First French Empire by Napoleon I.

It was formed out of territories belonging to neighboring areas. More than half of the territory was taken from the Lot (including Montauban and Moissac), over one-third was taken from Haute-Garonne (including Castelsarrasin), and the rest from the departments of Lot-et-Garonne, Gers, and Aveyron.

The new department had three arrondissements: Montauban, Castelsarrasin and Moissac. The prefecture was Montauban. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Moissac was eliminated.[3]

Geography[change | change source]


Tarn-et-Garonne is part of the Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées region. It has an area of 3,718.3 km2 (1,436 sq mi).[1]

The department borders with 6 departments:

The highest point in the department, at 510 m (1,673 ft), is the Pech Maurel, in the commune of Castanet.

Even if Tarn-et-Garonne is one of the smallest departments of Metropolitan France, there is a great diversity of landscapes in the department; for example, the plains between the Tarn and Garonne rivers and in the valley of the Aveyron river, the hills of the Lomagne region (southwest of the department) and in the north, including the Causse (a limestone plateau) of the northeast.

The main rivers in the department are the Garonne and its tributaries Tarn and Aveyron.

Administration[change | change source]

Tarn-et-Garonne is managed by the General Council of Tarn-et-Garonne in Montauban. The department is part of the region of Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 30 cantons and 195 communes (municipalities) in Tarn-et-Garonne.

Arrondissement Capital Population[4]
Cantons Communes
Castelsarrasin Castelsarrasin 75,975   1,602   47.4 12 103
Montauban Montauban 170,996   2,117   80.8 18 92
Moissac, seen over the Tarn river.
Église de l'Assomption Caussade

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Tarn-et-Garonne are known, in French, as Tarn-et-Garonnais (women: Tarn-et-Garonnaises).[5]

Tarn-et-Garonne had a population, in 2012, of 246,971,[2] for a population density of 66.4 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Montauban, with 170,996 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. The arrondissement of Castelsarrasin has 75,975 inhabitants.[4]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Montauban (56,887). The subprefecture of Castelsarrasin has 13,295 inhabitants.[4]

The cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants in the department are:[4]

City Population
Montauban 56,887 Montauban
Castelsarrasin 13,295 Castelsarrasin
Moissac 12,470 Castelsarrasin
Caussade 6,701 Montauban
Montech 5,954 Montauban
Nègrepelisse 5,343 Montauban

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de Tarn-et-Garonne (82) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-82. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  3. "Historique de Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/82his.html. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Populations lègales 2012 - 82-Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French). Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=82&annee=2012. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  5. "Tarn-et-Garonne (82)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_tarn-et-garonne_82.html. Retrieved 2 June 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]