|The Pont Vieux and the Ingres Museum|
|Coat of arms|
|Canton||Chief town of 3 cantons|
|Intercommunality||Pays de Montauban et des Trois Rivières|
|Elevation||72–207 m (236–679 ft)
(avg. 140 m/460 ft)
|Land area1||135.17 km2 (52.19 sq mi)|
|- Density||429 /km2 (1,110 /sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||82121/ 82000|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
|2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
History[change | change source]
Together with Mont-de-Marsan, Montauban is one of the oldest towns with walls (a bastide) in southern France. It was founded in 1144 by Alphonse Jourdain, Count of Toulouse. Most of the inhabitants came from Montauriol, a village which had grown up around the neighbouring monastery of St Théodard.
In the 13th century the town suffered much during the Albigensian Crusade and from the Inquisition, but by 1317 it had recovered sufficiently to be chosen by the Pope John XXII as the head of a diocese of which the basilica of St Théodard became the cathedral.
In 1360, under the Treaty of Brétigny, the town was given to the English; they were expelled by the inhabitants in 1414. In 1560 the bishops became Protestants; ten years later it became one of the four Huguenot strongholds under the Peace of Saint-Germain, and formed a small independent republic.
In 1790, Montauban was in the Lot department as the capital of a district; with the creation of the arrondissements in 1800, Montauban became a sous-préfecture in the Lot deparment. When Napoleon created the Tarn-et-Garonne department in 1809, Montauban became the préfecture (capital) of the new department.
Geography[change | change source]
Montauban is at about 50 km (31 mi) to the north of Toulouse, on the confluence of the Tescou and the Tarn rivers, and at 80 km (50 mi) from Agen (préfecture of the Lot-et-Garonne), 76 km (47 mi) from Albi (préfecture of the Tarn) and at about 60 km (37 mi) from Cahors (préfecture of the Lot).
Montauban is surrounded by the communes Villemade, Piquecos, Lamothe-Capdeville, Albias, Saint-Étienne-de-Tulmont, Léojac, Saint-Nauphary,Corbarieu,Bressols, Lacourt-Saint-Pierre, Montbeton and Albefeuille-Lagarde.
|Villemade||Piquecos and Lamothe-Capdeville||Albias|
|Lacourt-Saint-Pierre, Montbeton and Albefeuille-Lagarde||Saint-Étienne-de-Tulmont and Léojac|
Climate[change | change source]
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Montauban is 708.7 mm (27.9 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 48.3 mm (1.9 in).
The average temperature for the year in Montauban is 13.6 °C (56.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.3 °C (72.1 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.6 °C (42.1 °F).
|Climate data for Montauban, France|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.6
|Average low °C (°F)||1.9
|Rainfall mm (inches)||56.4
|Source: Weatherbase.com |
Population[change | change source]
Administration[change | change source]
Montauban is the préfecture of the Tarn-et-Garonne department since 1809. It is also the capital of three cantons, all formed with part of the commune:
Places of interest[change | change source]
Some interesting places in Montauban are:
- The Place Nationale ("National Square") is a square of the 17th century.
- The Notre-Dame de l'Assomption cathedral is unique by its stone construction in a place dominated by red bricks. Its construction was ordered by Louis XIV.
- The Musée Ingres is the old town hall and the residence of the bishops of Montauban built in 1664. The building houses some paintings of the famous painter Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres and some works of the sculptor Antoine Bourdelle; both artists were born in Montauban.
- The church of Saint Jacques is the only intact medieval church in Montauban.
- The Pont Vieux ("Old Bridge"), a bridge from the 14th century on the Tarn river.
Gallery[change | change source]
People from Montauban[change | change source]
Sister cities[change | change source]
Montauban is twinned with:
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "L’histoire" (in French). Ville de Montauban. http://www.ciap-montauban.com/ma_peupler_01_detail.html. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "Historique de Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/82his.html. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Montauban". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Montauban-82000/. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "La ville de Montauban" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-montauban.html. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Montauban, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598853&cityname=Montauban%2C+Midi-Pyrenees%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
- "Populations lègales 2013 - 82-Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=82&annee=2013. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
- "Montauban (82000)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_montauban_82121.html. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Montauban|
- Ville de Montauban - official website (French)
- Montauban Tourist Office
- Ville de Montauban - Villes d'Art et d'Histoire (French)