Clermont-Ferrand

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Clermont-Ferrand
Photomontage: View of the historic center from Montjuzet Park (top) Victoire Square and Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption Cathedral, Statue of Vercingétorix and Chaussetiers Street (middle) Basilica of Notre-Dame du Port (bottom).
Photomontage: View of the historic center from Montjuzet Park (top)
Victoire Square and Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption Cathedral, Statue of Vercingétorix and Chaussetiers Street (middle)
Basilica of Notre-Dame du Port (bottom).
Flag of Clermont-Ferrand
Flag
Coat of arms of Clermont-Ferrand
Coat of arms
Clermont-Ferrand is located in France
Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Clermont-Ferrand is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
Coordinates: 45°46′59″N 3°04′57″E / 45.7831°N 3.0824°E / 45.7831; 3.0824Coordinates: 45°46′59″N 3°04′57″E / 45.7831°N 3.0824°E / 45.7831; 3.0824
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentPuy-de-Dôme
ArrondissementClermont-Ferrand
Canton6 cantons[1]
IntercommunalityClermont Auvergne Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Olivier Bianchi
Area
1
42.67 km2 (16.47 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2011)
300 km2 (100 sq mi)
 • Metro
 (2010)
1,331 km2 (514 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)2
141,569
 • Density3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (Jan. 2011)
467,178
 • Urban density1,600/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
 (Jan. 2011)
467,178
 • Metro density350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
63113 /63000-63100
Elevation321–602 m (1,053–1,975 ft)
(avg. 358 m or 1,175 ft)
Websiteclermont-ferrand.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Clermont-Ferrand is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in central-southern France.

It is the prefecture of the department and the capital of the arrondissement of Clermont-Ferrand and the historical capital of the region of Auvergne.

History[change | change source]

The modern city was born from the union of two separate towns, Clermont and Montferrand. This union has been imposed by Louis XIII in 1630 (Edict of Troyes) and was confirmed by Louis XV.

While Montferrand was founded in the early twelfth century by the Counts of Auvergne on the model of fortified cities in the Southwest, Clairmont is much older, as it existed in ancient times. The earliest mention of the existence of Clairmont contained in the work of Strabo, the early first century. The city was then known Nemossos described as a "metropolis of Arvernes." She later took the name of Augustonemetum then Arverni.

Geography[change | change source]

To the west of Clermont-Ferrand, there is a plateau where is the Chaîne des Puys, a chain of dormant volcanoes including the Puy de Dôme. To the north of the city is the plain de Limage, a large plain in the Auvergne region in the valley of the Allier river.

Clermont-Ferrand has an area of 42.7 km2 (16.5 sq mi),[2] and its average altitude is 462 m (1,516 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 365 m (1,198 ft).[3]

The distances from Clermont-Ferrand to other cities are:[4]

Clermont-Ferrand and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Clermont-Ferrand

Clermont-Ferrand is surrounded by the communes:

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Clermont-Ferrand is an oceanic climate, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[5]

The average temperature for the year in Clermont-Ferrand, at an altitude of 330 m (1,080 ft), is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.6 °C (33.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Clermont-Ferrand is 612.1 mm (24.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 73.7 mm (2.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 30.5 mm (1.2 in).[5]

Climate data for Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 1
(34)
3
(37)
6
(43)
10
(50)
14
(57)
18
(64)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
11
(52)
5
(41)
3
(37)
10
(51)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 30
(1.2)
31
(1.2)
36
(1.4)
46
(1.8)
74
(2.9)
75
(3.0)
58
(2.3)
66
(2.6)
64
(2.5)
55
(2.2)
42
(1.7)
37
(1.5)
614
(24.3)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Clermont-Ferrand are known, in French, as Puydômois (women: Puydômoises).[6]

With a population of 141,365,[7] Clermont-Ferrand has a population density of 3,313 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Clermont-Ferrand

Clermont-Ferrand forms, together with other 16 communes, the urban area of Clermont-Ferrand with a population of 264,704 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 180.8 km2 (69.8 sq mi).[8] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Clermont-Ferrand, formed by 184 communes, with a population of 475,694 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 2,419.8 km2 (934.3 sq mi).[9]

Administration[change | change source]

Clermont-Ferrand is the prefecture of the Puy-de-Dôme department since 1790. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Clermont-Ferrand and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of six cantons:

It is part of the intercommunality Clermont Auvergne Métropole.

Sister cities[change | change source]

Clermont-Ferrand is twinned with:[10]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Decree 2014-210/Décret 2014-210 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Puy-de-Dôme". Légifrance (in French). 21 February 2014.
  2. "Commune de Clermont-Ferrand (63113)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  3. "City of Clermont-Ferrand". Map-France.com. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  4. "Ville de Clermont-Ferrand" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Clermont-Ferrand, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  6. "Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  8. "Unité urbaine de Clermont-Ferrand (63701)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  9. "Aire urbaine de Clermont-Ferrand (019)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  10. http://www.clermont-ferrand.fr/-International-.html sister cities in french

Other websites[change | change source]