Mâcon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Mâcon

Mairie de Mâcon.JPG
Mâcon Town Hall.
Coat of arms of Mâcon
Coat of arms
Mâcon is located in France
Mâcon
Administration
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Saône-et-Loire
Arrondissement Mâcon
Canton Mâcon-1
Mâcon-2
Intercommunality Mâconnais Beaujolais Agglomération
Mayor Jean-Patrick Courtois[1]
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 167–347 m (548–1,138 ft)
(avg. 257 m/843 ft)
Land area1 27.04 km2 (10.44 sq mi)
Population2 33,456  (2014)
 - Density 1,237 /km2 (3,200 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 71270/ 71000
Website www.macon.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 46°18′23″N 4°49′53″E / 46.30630°N 4.8313°E / 46.30630; 4.8313

Mâcon is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in east-central France. It is the préfecture (capital) of the department.

Even if Mâcon is the capital of the department, it is only the second largest city in population after Chalon-sur-Saône.

History[change | change source]

The Celts from the Aedui (people that lived between the Saône and Loire rivers) had an oppidum and a river port in the present place of Mâcon. This settlement was called Matisco by Julius Caesar.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

Mâcon is the southernmost capital city in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. It is at 65 kilometres (40 miles) north of Lyon and 400 kilometres (249 miles) from Paris.

The city lies on the western (left) side of the Saône river, on the border with the Ain department.

It has an area of 27.0 km2 (10.4 sq mi).[3] Its average altitude is 257 m (843 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 190 m (620 ft).[4]

Mâcon and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Mâcon

Since 1972, the commune of Mâcon is divided in two parts: the southern part, including the old city, and the northern part. Both parts are surrounded by the communes:

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Charnay-lès-Mâcon, less than 1 km (0.62 mi) to the west of Mâcon and where is the local airport, is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[5]

The average temperature for the year in Charnay-lès-Mâcon is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.1 °C (70.0 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Charnay-lès-Mâcon is 866.1 mm (34.10 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 96.5 mm (3.80 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 50.8 mm (2.00 in).[5]

Climate data for Charnay-lès-Mâcon, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
7.6
(45.7)
12.3
(54.1)
15.7
(60.3)
20.1
(68.2)
23.9
(75)
26.6
(79.9)
26.2
(79.2)
21.9
(71.4)
16.5
(61.7)
9.9
(49.8)
6.1
(43)
16.03
(60.85)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
4.1
(39.4)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
15.1
(59.2)
18.7
(65.7)
21.1
(70)
20.6
(69.1)
16.7
(62.1)
12.4
(54.3)
6.8
(44.2)
3.6
(38.5)
11.72
(53.09)
Average low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
3.4
(38.1)
5.9
(42.6)
10.1
(50.2)
13.4
(56.1)
15.5
(59.9)
14.9
(58.8)
11.5
(52.7)
8.3
(46.9)
3.6
(38.5)
1.0
(33.8)
7.4
(45.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 84.4
(3.323)
66.1
(2.602)
63.8
(2.512)
71.3
(2.807)
69.9
(2.752)
59.2
(2.331)
55.5
(2.185)
50.3
(1.98)
60.5
(2.382)
96.8
(3.811)
93.2
(3.669)
96.2
(3.787)
867.2
(34.142)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Mâcon are known, in French, as Mâconnais (women: Mâconnaises ).[6]

With a population of 33,456,[7] Mâcon has a population density of 1,237 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Mâcon

Administration[change | change source]

Mâcon is a prefecture of the Saône-et-Loire department since 1800. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Mâcon and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of two cantons:

It is part of the intercommunality Mâconnais Beaujolais Agglomération (French: Communauté d'agglomération Mâconnais Beaujolais).

Twinned and partner towns[change | change source]

Mâcon is twinned with:[8]

Places of interest[change | change source]

Some interesting places in Mâcon are:

  • The Mâcon Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Vincent de Mâcon) in the town centre
  • The Saint-Pierre Church (Èglise Saint-Pierre) in the Place Saint-Pierre
  • The Museum of Fine Arts (former Ursuline Convent)
  • Hôtel Senecé (Lamartine museum)

People from or related to Mâcon[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]

Photograph of the city of Mâcon taken from Saint-Laurent-sur-Saône (Ain), on the other side of the Saône river

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "CLes membres du Conseil municipal" (in French). Ville de Mâcon. http://www.macon.fr/Votre-mairie/Conseil-Municipal/Les-membres-du-Conseil-municipal. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  2. Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico, Book 7, 90. There is an English translation in Wikisource.
  3. "Commune de Mâcon (71270)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-71270. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  4. "Mâcon". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Macon-71870/. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Charnay-lès-Mâcon, France - Climate Summary". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598844&cityname=Charnay-l%E8s-M%E2con%2C+Bourgogne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  6. "Mâcon (71000)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_macon_71270.html. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep71.pdf. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  8. "Villes jumelées à Mâcon" (in French). Ville de Mâcon. http://www.macon.fr/Votre-mairie/Villes-jumelees-a-Macon2. Retrieved 15 November 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]