|Prefecture and commune|
Tarbes, Musée des Beaux-Arts
|Canton||Chief town of 3 cantons|
|Intercommunality||Le Grand Tarbes|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Gérard Trémège|
|Area1||15.33 km2 (5.92 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,668/km2 (6,910/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||65440 /65000|
|Elevation||284–326 m (932–1,070 ft)
(avg. 304 m or 997 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Tarbes (Occitan: Tarba) is a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region in southwestern France. It is part of the historical region of Gascony and is the capital since 1790 of the Hautes-Pyrénées department.
Name[change | change source]
The city is named for the first time during the 5th century like Civitas Turba ubi castrum Bigorra. It is also an important city of the Novempopulania.[N 1] Gregory of Tours, in the 7th century, called the city as Talvam vicum.
During the Middle Ages, the city was named as Tarbe (1214), Tursa, Tarvia (1284) and also Tarbia.
History[change | change source]
In 1790, Tarbes became the capital of the new department of Hautes-Pyrénées.
Geography[change | change source]
Tarbes is located in the southwest of France, at the foot of the Pyrenees, in a fertile plain of the valley of the river Adour, at 20 km (12 mi) to the northeast of Lourdes, 70 km (43 mi) to the southeast of Auch, 144 km (89 mi) to the east of Bayonne and 155 km (96 mi) to the southwest of Toulouse.
Neighboring municipalities[change | change source]
The following municipalities (communes) are around Tarbes:
- To the north: Andrest, Bazet (going to Bordeaux)
- To the northeast: Orleix, Aureilhan (going to Auch)
- To the east: Séméac (going to Saint-Gaudens, Toulouse)
- To the southeast: Soues, Barbazan-Debat
- To the south: Laloubère, Horgues (going to Bagnères-de-Bigorre)
- To the southwest: Juillan, Ossun, Hibarette, Odos (going to Lourdes, Argelès-Gazost)
- To the west: Ibos (going to Pau, Bayonne)
- To the northwest: Bordères-sur-l'Échez, Oursbelille
Climate[change | change source]
|Climate data for Tarbes, France (altitude 360m, 1981–2010) (Source: Météo-France, Infoclimat.fr)|
|Average high °C (°F)||10.3
|Average low °C (°F)||1.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||95.0
|Source #1: climat.meteofrance.com|
|Source #2: infoclimat.fr|
Population[change | change source]
Evolution of the population in Tarbes
Administration[change | change source]
Tarbes is the prefecture of the Hautes-Pyrénées department since 1790. It is also the capital of three Cantons:
- Tarbes-1, formed with a part of Tarbes (13,514 inhabitants) (2014)
- Tarbes-2, formed with a part of Tarbes (13,402 inhabitants) (2014)
- Tarbes-3, formed with a part of Tarbes (13,984 habitants) (2014)
Sister cities[change | change source]
Transport[change | change source]
The Gare de Tarbes railway station offers direct connections with Paris, Bordeaux, Toulouse, Bayonne and other cities in the region. There is a motorway that connects Tarbes with Bayonne and Toulouse. Tarbes is also served by the small Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrénées Airport situated 10 kilometers away of the city centre.
Education[change | change source]
Gallery[change | change source]
Related pages[change | change source]
Notes[change | change source]
- Novempopulania ("country of the nine peoples") was a Roman province, also called Aquitania Tertia.
- In this case, "county" (French: Comté) means "land under a count (the British earl)".
References[change | change source]
- "Tarbes". Map-France.com. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "Le département des Hautes-Pyrénées". Annuaire-Mairie.fr (in French). Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Climat en France - normales - Météo France - Tarbes".
- "Normales et records des stations météo de France - Infoclimat - Tarbes-Ossun-Lourdes".
- "Hautes-Pyrénées" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "Tarbes jumelée avec l'Espagne et l'Allemagne". Mairie de Tarbes. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tarbes.|