Mulhouse

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Mulhouse
Subprefecture and commune
Assemblage mulhouse.jpg
Coat of arms of Mulhouse
Coat of arms
Mulhouse is located in France
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Location within Grand Est region
Mulhouse is located in Grand Est
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Coordinates: 47°45′N 7°20′E / 47.75°N 7.34°E / 47.75; 7.34Coordinates: 47°45′N 7°20′E / 47.75°N 7.34°E / 47.75; 7.34
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Haut-Rhin
Arrondissement Mulhouse
Canton Mulhouse-1
Mulhouse-2
Mulhouse-3
Intercommunality Mulhouse Alsace Agglomération
Government
 • Mayor (2017-2020) Michèle Lutz
Area1 22.18 km2 (8.56 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 111,167
 • Density 5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Mulhousiens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 68224 /68100
Elevation 231–336 m (758–1,102 ft)
(avg. 284 m or 932 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Mulhouse is a commune in Alsace in north-eastern France, in the Haut-Rhin department, of which it is a subprefecture. It is in the Grand Est region.

The commmune is in the historical and cultural region of Alsace, close to the Swiss and German borders.

History[change | change source]

Mulhouse dates back to the XIIth century. Medieval Mulhouse consists of an upper and a lower town.

  • The upper town developed from the 18th century on.
  • The lower town used to be the quarter of merchants and craftsmen. It developed around the Place de la Réunion (which commemorates its reunion with France). Nowadays this area is for pedestrians.

Geography[change | change source]

Mulhouse is in the southern part of the plain of Alsace in the Haut-Rhin department. Two rivers run through Mulhouse, the Doller and the Ill, both tributaries of the Rhine.

It has an area of 22.2 km2 (8.6 sq mi).[1] Its average altitude is 284 m (932 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 255 m (837 ft).[2]

The distances from Mulhouse to other cities are:[3]

Mulhouse and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Mulhouse

The commune of Mulhouse is surrounded by the communes Riedisheim, Rixheim, Morschwiller-le-Bas and Pfastatt.

Climate[change | change source]

The area around Mulhouse, at an altitude of about 270 m (890 ft), is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Strasbourg is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".[4]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Mulhouse is 817.9 mm (32.2 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is June with 99.1 mm (3.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Mulhouse is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.6 °C (33.1 °F).[4]

Climate data for Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
6
(43)
11
(52)
15
(59)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
8
(46)
3
(37)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) --- 2
(36)
6
(43)
9
(48)
14
(57)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
1
(34)
10
(50)
Average low °C (°F) -2
(28)
-1
(30)
1
(34)
4
(39)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(36)
-1
(30)
5.3
(41.6)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
80
(3.15)
90
(3.54)
80
(3.15)
80
(3.15)
70
(2.76)
70
(2.76)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
760
(29.92)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population[change | change source]

Place de la Réunion in Mulhouse.

The inhabitants of Mulhouse are known, in French, as Mulhousiens (women: Mulhousiennes).[5]

With a population of 111,167,[6] Mulhouse has a population density of 5,012 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Mulhouse

Mulhouse forms, together with 19 other communes, the urban area of Mulhouse with a population of 246,693 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 239.1 km2 (92.3 sq mi).[7] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Mulhouse, formed by 60 communes with a population of 285,603 inhabitants and an area of 505.3 km2 (195.1 sq mi).[8]

Administration[change | change source]

Mulhouse is a subprefecture of the Haut-Rhin department since 1857. It is the capital of the Mulhouse arrondissement and is also the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of 3 cantons:[9]

  1. Mulhouse-1, formed with a part of Mulhouse, with 40,752 inhabitants (2014).
  2. Mulhouse-2, formed with a part of Mulhouse, with 42,558 inhabitants (2014).
  3. Mulhouse-3, formed with a part of Mulhouse and the commune Illzach, with 42,305 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Mulhouse Alsace Agglomération.

Twin towns[change | change source]

Mulhouse is twinned with:

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Commune de Mulhouse (68224)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  2. "City of Mulhouse". Map-France.com. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  3. "Ville de Mulhouse". Annuaire-Mairie.fr (in French). Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Mulhouse, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  5. "Habitants du départment: Haut-Rhin" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  6. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  7. "Unité urbaine de Mulhouse (68701)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  8. "Aire urbaine de Mulhouse (034)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  9. "Commune de Mulhouse (68224)". Géographie administrative et d’étude (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 

Other websites[change | change source]