Castelsarrasin

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Castelsarrasin
Castelsarrasin town hall
Castelsarrasin town hall
Coat of arms of Castelsarrasin
Coat of arms
Castelsarrasin is located in France
Castelsarrasin
Castelsarrasin
Location within Occitanie region
Castelsarrasin is located in Occitanie
Castelsarrasin
Castelsarrasin
Coordinates: 44°02′27″N 1°06′28″E / 44.0408°N 1.1078°E / 44.0408; 1.1078Coordinates: 44°02′27″N 1°06′28″E / 44.0408°N 1.1078°E / 44.0408; 1.1078
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentTarn-et-Garonne
ArrondissementCastelsarrasin
CantonCastelsarrasin
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Philippe Bésiers
Area
1
76.77 km2 (29.64 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)2
13,765
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Castelsarrasinois
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
82033 /82100
Elevation61–97 m (200–318 ft)
(avg. 84 m or 276 ft)
Websitewww.ville-castelsarrasin.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Castelsarrasin (Occitan: Los Sarrasins[1]) is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region of France. It is the second city in Tarn-et-Garonne with more people living in it, after Montauban.

It is a subprefecture in the department and the capital of the Castelsarrasin arrondissement.

History[change | change source]

The oldest written example of Castelsarrasin, as Castel Sarracenum, is from the year 961. It was written in the will of Raymond II of Rouergue where he gave the Saint-Sauveur church to the monastery of Moissac.

Castel Sarracenum ("Saracen Castle") was given that name because the castle was built in the Saracen[Note 1] era.

There were many wars during the early history of the city:

Later, the Hundred Years' War affected the region. Most people that lived in the city were Catholics but many Protestants lived around the city. Fights were common here between those two groups during the French Wars of Religion in the 16th century.

The region was more calm during the following centuries, up to the time of the French Revolution.

From 1790 to 1795, Castelsarrasin was the capital of the District of Castelsarrasin in the Haute-Garonne department. In 1808, when the Tarn-et-Garonne department was created, the arrondissement of Castelsarrasin was made part of the new department.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

Castelsarrasin is near the Garonne river, which runs through the southwest of the commune. The city is at 21 km (13 mi) to the west of Montauban, préfecture of the department.

It has an area of 76.77 km2 (29.64 sq mi) and its average altitude is 79 m (259 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 81 m (266 ft).[3]

Castelsarrasin and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Castelsarrasin

The communes that are around Castelsarrasin are Saint-Nicolas-de-la-Grave, Moissac, Les Barthes, La Ville-Dieu-du-Temple, Saint-Porquier, Cordes-Tolosannes, Saint-Aignan, Castelferrus and Castelmayran.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Castelsarrasin, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[4]

Population[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Castelsarrasin are known, in French, as Castelsarrasinois (women: Castelsarrasinoises).[5]

With a population in 2014 of 13,765,[6] Castelsarrasin has a population density of 179 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Castelsarrasin

Administration[change | change source]

Castelsarrasin is a subprefecture of the Tarn-et-Garonne department since 1809. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Castelsarrasin and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the canton Castelsarrasin with 6 communes and 20,937 inhabitants in 2014.

It is part of the intercommunality Terres des confluences.

Twin cities[change | change source]

Castelsarrasin is a twin town of:[7]

Places of interest[change | change source]

Some interesting places in Castelsarrasin are:

  • The Saint-Sauveur church, mentioned since 961; it was rebuilt in 1254.
  • The Saint-Jean church, mentioned since 1216; it was partially rebuilt in 1515.
  • The Notre-Dame d'Alem chapel.
  • The Jacques-Yves Cousteau port.

Gallery[change | change source]

People from Castelsarrasin[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Muslims were known, in Europe, as Saracens during the Middle Ages.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Las comunas de TARN ET GARONA". Toponimia occitana e senhalizacion en occitan (in Occitan). Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  2. "Création du département de Tarn-et-Garonne". Archives de France. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  3. "Castelsarrasin". Map-France.com. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  4. "La ville de Castelsarrasin". Annuaire-Mairie.fr (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  5. "Castelsarrasin (82100)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  6. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  7. "Jumelage". Ville de Castelsarrasin. Retrieved 7 July 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]