Massif Central

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France's mountains from space (Taken by NASA)
Exactly where the Massif is
Neoproterozoic gneiss of the Arverne domain near Nontron, Dordogne. The light-coloured greywacke layer dips steeply to the NNE.

The Massif Central is a high region in south-central France. It has mountains and plateaux. it covers 15% of the country. The geological history of the massif is complicated. It is ancient, and many things have happened to it.[1][2]

Many extinct volcanos can be found there. It has the largest concentration in the world with 450 volcanos. The Auvergne Volcanoes National Park is in the massif. The Massif is separated from the Alps by the valley of the Rhone.

These departments are usually considered as part of the Massif Central: Allier, Ardèche, Aveyron, Cantal, Corrèze, Creuse, Haute-Loire, Haute-Vienne, Loire, Lot, Lozère, and Puy-de-Dôme.

Mountains[change | change source]

Here are some well-known mountains in the massif central:

Geography[change | change source]

The Massif Central is a very important mountain range in France. It is the fourth highest, the Alps, the Pyrénées, and Corsica are higher; Jura, Vosges, Morvan and Ardennes are lower.


This railway bridge is the Garabit viaduct, built by Gustave Eiffel
The Gorge du Tarn





References[change | change source]

  1. Faure, Michel, Lardeaux, Jean-Marc & Ledru, Patrick 2009. A review of the pre-Permian geology of the Variscan French Massif Central. Les grands traits de l’évolution anté-permienne du Massif central français. Comptes Rendus Géoscience, 341, numéro 2-3, pages 202-213.
  2. Peterlongo, J.M. 1978. Massif Central. Guides géologiques régionaux, Masson. ISBN 2-225-49753-2