Coordinates: 12°59′S 38°31′W / 12.983°S 38.517°W / -12.983; -38.517
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State of Bahia
Flag of State of Bahia
Coat of arms of State of Bahia
"Per ardua surgo"
(Pela dificuldade venço)
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Coordinates: 12°59′S 38°31′W / 12.983°S 38.517°W / -12.983; -38.517
Country Brazil
Capital and largest citySalvador
 • GovernorJaques Wagner
 • Vice GovernorEdmundo Pereira Santos
 • Total567,295 km2 (219,034 sq mi)
 • Rank5th
 (2010 census)[1]
 • Total14,016,906
 • Rank4th
 • Density25/km2 (64/sq mi)
  • Rank12th
 • Year2006 estimate
 • TotalR$ 137,075,000,000 (6th)
 • Per capitaR$ 9,779.26 (19th)
 • Year2005
 • Category3.913 <very high>
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BRST)
Postal code
40000-000 to 48990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-BA

Bahia is a state in the northeast area of Brazil on the Atlantic Ocean coast.

Geography[change | change source]

The capital city of Bahia is Salvador. Other cities where many people live are Feira de Santana, Vitória da Conquista, Itabuna, Ilhéus, and Juazeiro. Almost all of Bahia is 200 m above the sea level. The São Francisco River is the longest river in Bahia. Salvador was the capital of Brazil from 1549 until 1763.

Economy[change | change source]

Bahia is the sixth richest Brazilian state. The economy of Bahia is based on industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, tourism, mining and services.

Culture[change | change source]

Bahia is said to have the greatest and most African influence, in terms of culture and customs, in Brazil. Some of these are the martial art of capoeira and African-derived music such as samba, afoxé, and axé.

Acarajé is a popular street food. It is one of the symbols of the culture of Bahia.

References[change | change source]

States of Brazil Flag of Brazil
Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins
Federal district: Distrito Federal