Bahia

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State of Bahia
Flag of State of Bahia
Coat of arms of State of Bahia
Motto(s): 
"Per ardua surgo"
(Pela dificuldade venço)
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Coordinates: 12°59′S 38°31′W / 12.983°S 38.517°W / -12.983; -38.517Coordinates: 12°59′S 38°31′W / 12.983°S 38.517°W / -12.983; -38.517
Country Brazil
Capital and largest citySalvador
Government
 • GovernorJaques Wagner
 • Vice GovernorEdmundo Pereira Santos
Area
 • Total567,295 km2 (219,034 sq mi)
Area rank5th
Population
 (2010 census)[1]
 • Total14,016,906
 • Rank4th
 • Density25/km2 (64/sq mi)
 • Density rank12th
Demonym(s)Baiano
GDP
 • Year2006 estimate
 • TotalR$ 137,075,000,000 (6th)
 • Per capitaR$ 9,779.26 (19th)
HDI
 • Year2005
 • Category3.913 <very high>
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BRST)
Postal code
40000-000 to 48990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-BA
Websitebahia.ba.gov.br

Bahia is a state in the northeast area of Brazil on the Atlantic Ocean coast.

Geography[change | change source]

The capital city of Bahia is Salvador. Other cities where many people live are Feira de Santana, Vitória da Conquista, Itabuna, Ilhéus, and Juazeiro. Almost all of Bahia is 200 m above the sea level. The São Francisco River is the longest river in Bahia. Salvador was the capital of Brazil from 1549 until 1763.

Economy[change | change source]

Bahia is the sixth richest Brazilian state. The economy of Bahia is based on industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, tourism, mining and services.

Culture[change | change source]

Bahia is said to have the greatest and most African influence, in terms of culture and customs, in Brazil. Some of these are the martial art of capoeira and African-derived music such as samba, afoxé, and axé.

Acarajé is a popular street food. It is one of the symbols of the culture of Bahia.

References[change | change source]


States of Brazil Flag of Brazil
Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins
Federal District: Brazilian Federal District