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Mato Grosso do Sul

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Mato Grosso do Sul
Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul
State of Mato Grosso do Sul
Flag of Mato Grosso do Sul
Coat of arms of Mato Grosso do Sul
Anthem: Hino de Mato Grosso do Sul
Location of State of Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil
Location of State of Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil
Country Brazil
FoundedOctober 11, 1977
Capital and Largest CityCampo Grande
 • GovernorReinaldo Azambuja (PSDB)
 • Vice GovernorMurilo Zauith (UNIÃO)
 • SenatorsNelsinho Trad (PSD)
Simone Tebet (MDB)
Soraya Thronicke (UNIÃO)
 • Total357,124.962 km2 (137,886.719 sq mi)
 • Rank6th
 • Total2,449,024
 • Estimate 
 • Rank21st
 • Density6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
  • Rank20th
DemonymSul-mato-grossense or Mato-grossense-do-sul
 • Year2010 estimate
 • TotalR$ 38.484,74 (17th)
 • Per capitaR$ 10,599 (11th)
 • Year2017
 • Category0.766[2]high (10th)
Time zoneUTC-4 (BRT-1)
Postal Code
79000-000 to 79990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MS

Mato Grosso do Sul is one of the states of Brazil. It shares borders with the states of Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. It also borders the countries of Paraguay and Bolivia to the west. Campo Grande is the capital of the state

Mato Grosso do Sul means "Southern Thick Forest". The name comes from its northern neighbour state of Mato Grosso. Mato Grosso do Sul was a part of Mato Grosso until they were split in the 1970s. Many people wrongly refer to Mato Grosso do Sul as simply "Mato Grosso". This has caused the government to consider changing its name to "Pantanal", the world's largest wetlands which is in the state.

Economy[change | change source]

Mato Grosso do Sul's economy is based mainly on farm products. Cattle-raising is the most important product of the state. Other products include sugarcane, wheat, soybeans, manioc, rice and cotton.

Geography[change | change source]

The state is in western Brazil, in an area of the country that is mostly marshes of the Pantanal.[3]

Mato Grosso do Sul is divided into 11 regions. It has 78 municipalities. Larger cities include:

The highest elevation is the 1,065 m high Morro Grande.

History[change | change source]

In 1977 the state was created by dividing the state of Mato Grosso. It officially became a state two years later on January 1, 1979.

Flag[change | change source]

Mato Grosso do Sul's flag was made by Mauro Michael Munhoz. White is for hope, green is for the state's plantlife, blue is for the sky and the yellow star adds balance, force and serenity.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IBGE". Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  2. "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017" (PDF) (in Portuguese). PNUD Brasil. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  3. "Pantanal in South America declared "Threatened Lake of the Year 2007"". Ramsar Convention Secretariat. February 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-24.

Other websites[change | change source]

States of Brazil Flag of Brazil
Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins
Federal district: Distrito Federal