Brazilian Federal District

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Federal District
Distrito Federal
Flag of Federal District
Coat of arms of Federal District
"To the coming winds"
Location of Federal District in Brazil
Location of Federal District in Brazil
Coordinates: 15°47′42″S 47°45′28″W / 15.79500°S 47.75778°W / -15.79500; -47.75778Coordinates: 15°47′42″S 47°45′28″W / 15.79500°S 47.75778°W / -15.79500; -47.75778
Seat of governmentBrasília
 • GovernorRodrigo Rollemberg (PSB)
 • Vice GovernorRenato Santana (PSD)
 • SenatorsCristovam Buarque (PPS)
José Reguffe (I)
Hélio José (PROS)
 • Total5,802 km2 (2,240 sq mi)
Area rank27th
 (February 2017)[1]
 • Total3,013,144
 • Rank20th
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Density rank1st
 • Year2015 estimate
 • TotalUS$116 billions(PPP) US$65 billions (8th)
 • Per capitaUS$38.549 (PPP)[2] US$21,779 (1st)
 • Year2014
 • Category0.839 [3]very high (1st)
Time zoneUTC−03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−02:00 (BRST)
Postal code
70000-000 to 73690-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-DF

The Brazilian Federal District or Distrito Federal is a part of Brazil, which is used to shelter Brasília, the federal capital. It is in the centre of the country.

History[change | change source]

The government of Brazil was moved to Distrito Federal on April 21, 1960. Before this, the Brazilian Federal District used to be the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. Afterwards, the municipality of Rio de Janeiro became the Estado da Guanabara (State of Guanabara), from 1960 until 1975. In 1975, the State of Guanabara and the State of Rio de Janeiro merged, to be named the state of Rio de Janeiro.

Originally, most of the people were local workers (called "Candangos"), who built the capital, and federal government workers who were sent to the new capital, Brasília. The capital is a planned city. It had areas built for homes, business, schools and other uses. Originally built for up to one million people, the city now has many more than one million people. Because of how the city was built, it has been hard for the city to grow. This has caused many people to live in cities around Brasília. A large percentage of the people of the Distrito Federal live outside the city now.

Flag[change | change source]

The white color is for peace. The green and yellow colors in the middle refer to the national colors of Brazil. The four yellow arrows are for the native people of Brazil. The arrows pointing into the four cardinal directions of the compass stands for the power moving out from the center. The yellow arrows also form a cross. This is a symbol of the Southern Cross carried by the explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral.

The flag was created by the poet Guilherme de Almeida, and was adopted by decree no. 1090 on August 25, 1969.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IBGE - Projeção da população". Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  2. Pontes, Helena Maria Mattos. "IBGE - Agência de Notícias". Agência de Notícias - Ibge. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  3. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-07. Retrieved 2018-05-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Other websites[change | change source]

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Federal District: Brazilian Federal District