Minas Gerais

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
State of Minas Gerais
Flag of State of Minas Gerais
Coat of arms of State of Minas Gerais
Coat of arms
Motto(s): Libertas Quae Sera Tamen (Latin)
"Freedom albeit Late"
Location of State of Minas Gerais in Brazil
Location of State of Minas Gerais in Brazil
Coordinates: 19°49′S 43°57′W / 19.817°S 43.950°W / -19.817; -43.950Coordinates: 19°49′S 43°57′W / 19.817°S 43.950°W / -19.817; -43.950
Country  Brazil
Capital and Largest City Belo Horizonte
 • Governor Antônio Anastasia (PSDB)
 • Total 586,528.29 km2 (226,459.84 sq mi)
Area rank 4th
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 19,855,332
 • Rank 2nd
 • Density 34/km2 (88/sq mi)
 • Density rank 14th
Demonym(s) Mineiro
 • Year 2006 estimate
 • Total R$ 214,814,000,000 (3rd)
 • Per capita R$ 11,028 (10th)
 • Year 2005
 • Category 0.800 – high (9th)
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
Postal Code 30000-000 to 39990-000
ISO 3166 code BR-MG
Website mg.gov.br

Minas Gerais (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈminɐs ʒeˈɾajs]) is one of the 26 states of Brazil. It has the second highest number of people. It has the fourth largest area. The capital is the city of Belo Horizonte, near the center of the state. The name means "General mines". Minas Gerais was formed mainly by colonists searching for gold, gemstones and diamonds.

Location[change | change source]

Minas Gerais is in the west of the southeastern part of Brazil. That area also has the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. Minas Gerais shares borders with Bahia and Goiás (north), Mato Grosso do Sul (far west), the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (south) and the state of Espírito Santo (east). It also shares a short border with the Brazilian Federal District.

Cities[change | change source]

Even though it is not the largest state in Brazil, Minas Gerais is the state with the most cities. Of the more than 5,500 municipalities in Brazil, Minas has more than 850 of them. The most important ones are the capital Belo Horizonte, Contagem, Betim, Juiz de Fora, Montes Claros, Uberlândia and Ouro Preto

References[change | change source]

States of Brazil Flag of Brazil
Acre | Alagoas | Amapá | Amazonas | Bahia | Ceará | Espírito Santo | Goiás | Maranhão | Mato Grosso | Mato Grosso do Sul | Minas Gerais | Pará | Paraíba | Paraná | Pernambuco | Piauí | Rio de Janeiro | Rio Grande do Norte | Rio Grande do Sul | Rondônia | Roraima | Santa Catarina | São Paulo | Sergipe | Tocantins
Federal District: Brazilian Federal District