Republic of Cyprus

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Republic of Cyprus

Coat of arms of Cyprus
Coat of arms
Anthem: Ethnikós Ýmnos tis Kypriakís Dimokratías
Εθνικος Υμνος τις Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας
National Anthem of the Republic of Cyprus1
Location of  Republic of Cyprus  (green) in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Republic of Cyprus  (green)

in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
Nicosia (Λευκωσία, Lefkoşa)
Official languagesGreek, Turkish[1]
Recognised regional languagesArmenian, Cypriot Arabic
Ethnic groups
77% Greek
18% Turkish
5% others[2]
Demonym(s)Cypriot, Greek Cypriot, Turkish Cypriot
GovernmentPresidential republic
• President
Nicos Anastasiades
19 February 1959
• Proclaimed
16 August 1960
• Total
9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi) (167th)
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
803,147[3] (Does not include North)
1,088,503 (whole island)
• Density
117/km2 (303.0/sq mi) (115th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$23.190 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$23.174 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2005)29
low · 19th
HDI (2011)Increase 0.840
very high · 31st
CurrencyEuro2 (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code357
ISO 3166 codeCY
Internet TLD.cy3
  1. Also the national anthem of Greece.
  2. Before 2008, the Cypriot pound.
  3. The .eu domain is also used, shared with other European Union member states.
Kyrenia castle, northern Cyprus

The Republic of Cyprus is a member state of the European Union. Although it is situated in Asia, Cyprus is often associated with Europe because of the culture and history of the people. The capital of the Republic is Nicosia. Most of the population speaks Greek and Turkish.

History[change | change source]

Cyprus is the only foreign venue at which an English Royal Wedding has been hosted when King Richard and Queen Joanna on May 12, 1191.[5]

In July 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus and since then the northern part of the island is under Turkish control. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus gained independence in 1983 but its recognised only by Turkey. When entering by aeroplane, a short stop is made to an airport in mainland Turkey.

The present situation came about because Cyprus, historically Greek, was conquered and became part of the Ottoman Empire from 1570–1914, though de facto the British administered it from 1878 until 1960. Likewise, Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire for several centuries. Negotiations for a unified island have been held several times without success.

In 2004 Cyprus joined the European Union and on 1 January 2008 Cyprus adopted the Euro, the single European currency. Northern Cyprus accepts Turkish lira, and sometimes the Euro or United States dollar.

Geography[change | change source]

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia.

There are two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range. Pedieos River is the longest on the island. The highest point on Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,952 m (6,404 ft).

The Republic of Cyprus is only on the southern two-thirds of the island (59.74%). The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is the northern third (34.85%).

Politics[change | change source]

The Republic of Cyprus is a constitutional presidential republic. Each President is elected for a five-year term and has a considerable amount of power. Cyprus is the only member of the European Union that is governed by a presidential system of government. It is also one of few countries (Along with San Marino) to have had a democratically-elected communist government, in office from 2008 until 2013. The current governing party is the Democratic Rally.

Districts[change | change source]

The Republic of Cyprus is divided into six districts:[6] Nicosia, Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol and Paphos. These are not the same as those of Northern Cyprus.

Cities[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus: "The official languages of the Republic are Greek and Turkish" (Appendix D, Part 01, Article 3)
  2. "Cyprus". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  3. "Total population as of 1 January". Eurostat. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Cyprus". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  5. "Read Around the World: Cyprus". The Readers Room. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  6. "EUROPA – The EU at a glance – Maps – Cyprus". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 27 March 2009.

Other websites[change | change source]