Cyrillic alphabet

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This article contains Cyrillic text. Without the correct software, you may see question marks or boxes, misplaced vowels or missing conjuncts instead of Cyrillic letters.

The Cyrillic alphabet (pronounced 'sih-ril-ic') is a native Slavic alphabet. Now it is used to write Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Rusyn, Bulgarian, Macedonian, and for all Serbo-Croatian languages. It was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 10th century and was required by the Soviet Union for many non-Slavic languages in the Caucasus, Siberia, Central Asia, and in northern Russia. Here are letters of the Cyrillic alphabet, in upright and italic (slanted) shapes:

If your browser does not support Cyrillic text, see this graphical version.
а б в г ґ д е є ё ж з и і ї й ј к л м н о п р с т у ф х ц ч џ ш щ ъ ы ь э ю я
а б в г д е ё ж з и й ј к л м н о п р с т у ф х һ ц ч џ ш щ ъ ы ь э ю я

The Cyrillic alphabet was invented in the 9th century by Clement of Ohrid, who was taught by two monks, Saints Cyril and Methodius. Clement named his alphabet after his teacher "Kyrill" (Latin Cyrillus). It is based on the Greek alphabet. Before the invention of the Cyrillic alphabet, Slavic people used the Glagolitic alphabet.

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