Mongolian language

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Mongolian
монгол хэл ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠬᠡᠯᠡ
Pronunciation/mɔŋɢɔ̆ɮ xeɮ/
Native toMongolia
RegionAll of state Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, parts of Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Xinjiang and Gansu provinces in China
Native speakers
5.2 million (2005)
Mongolic
  • Mongolian
Early forms
Standard forms
Khalkha (Mongolia)
Chakhar (China)
Dialects
Mongolian alphabets:
Traditional Mongolian script
(in China),
Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet (in Mongolia),
Mongolian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Mongolia
 China
Regulated byMongolia:
State Language Council,[2]
China:
Council for Language and Literature Work[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-1mn
ISO 639-2mon
ISO 639-3moninclusive code
Individual codes:
khk – Khalkha Mongolian
mvf – Peripheral Mongolian (part)
Glottologmong1331[4]
Linguaspherepart of 44-BAA-b
Topographic map showing Asia as centered on modern-day Mongolia and Kazakhstan. An orange line shows the extent of the Mongol Empire. Some places are filled in red. This includes all of Mongolia, most of Inner Mongolia and Kalmykia, three enclaves in Xinjiang, multiple tiny enclaves round Lake Baikal, part of Manchuria, Gansu, Qinghai, and one place that is west of Nanjing and in the south-south-west of Zhengzhou
Geographic distribution of Mongolic peoples across Asia (red)
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

The Mongolian language (Monggol kele.svg, Mongɣol kele, Cyrillic: Монгол хэл, Mongol khel) is the best-known member of the Mongolic language family and the language of most of the residents of Mongolia, where it is officially written with the Cyrillic alphabet and of around three million Mongolian speakers in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China, where it is officially written with the traditional Mongolian script. It is also spoken in some areas in the Russian Far East and Kyrgyzstan. The majority of speakers in Mongolia speak the Khalkha (or Halh) dialect, while those in China speak one of many Inner Mongolian dialects.

References[change | change source]

  1. "China". Ethnologue.
  2. "Törijn alban josny helnij tuhaj huul'". MongolianLaws.com. 2003-05-15. Archived from the original on 2009-08-22. Retrieved 2009-03-27. The decisions of the council have to be ratified by the government.
  3. "Mongγul kele bičig-ün aǰil-un ǰöblel". See Sečenbaγatur et al. 2005: 204.
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mongolian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • Janhunen, Juha (ed.) (2003): The Mongolic languages. London: Routledge.

Other websites[change | change source]