Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic

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Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
(1936–1990)
Кыргыз Советтик Социалисттик Республикасы  (Kyrgyz)
Киргизская Советская
Социалистическая Республика
  (Russian)

Socialist Republic of Kyrgyzstan
(1990)
Социалисттик Кыргызстан Республикасы  (Kyrgyz)
Социалистическая Республика Кыргызстан  (Russian)

Republic of Kyrgyzstan
(1990–1991)
Кыргызстан Республикасы  (Kyrgyz)
Республика Кыргызстан  (Russian)
1936–1991
Motto: Бардык өлкөлөрдүн пролетарлары, бириккиле! (Kyrgyz)
Bardyq ölkölördün proletarlary, birikkile! (transliteration)
"Workers of all nations, unite!"
Anthem: Кыргыз Советтик Социалисттик Республикасы Мамлекеттик Гимни
Qırğız Sovettik Sotsialisttik Respublikasy Mamlekettik Gimni
"Anthem of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic"
(1946–1991)

Location of Kirghizia (red) within the Soviet Union
Location of Kirghizia (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusSoviet Socialist Republic
CapitalFrunze
Common languagesOfficial languages:
Kirghiz · Russian
Minority languages:
Uzbek
Religion
State atheism
Demonym(s)Kirghiz
Soviet
GovernmentMarxist-Leninist single-party soviet republic (1936–1990)
Unitary presidential republic (1990–1991)
First Secretary 
• 1936–1937 (first)
Moris Belotsky
• 1985–1990 (last)[1]
Absamat Masaliyev
Head of state 
• 1936–1937 (first)
Abdukadyr Urazbekov
• 1990–1991 (last)
Askar Akayev
Head of government 
• 1936–1937 (first)
Bayaly Isakeyev
• 1991 (last)
Andrei Iordan
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
History 
• Kirghiz ASSR formed
11 February 1926
• Elevation to a Union Republic
5 December 1936
• Osh riots
June 1990
• Sovereignty declared
30 December 1990
• Independence declared
31 August 1991
• Independence recognized
26 December 1991
HDI (1990)0.640
medium
CurrencySoviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Calling code7 319/331/332/334/335
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kirghiz ASSR
Kyrgyzstan
Today part ofKyrgyzstan

The Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (Kirghiz SSR; Kyrgyz: Кыргыз Советтик Социалисттик Республикасы, romanized: Kyrgyz Sovettik Sotsialisttik Respublikasy; Russian: Киргизская Советская Социалистическая Республика, romanized: Kirgizskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also commonly known as the Kyrgyzstan and Soviet Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан, Советтик Кыргызстан, romanized: Kyrgyzstan, Sovettik Kyrgyzstan) in the Kyrgyz language and as Kirghizia and Soviet Kirghizia (Russian: Киргизия, Советская Киргизия, romanized: Kirgiziya, Sovetskaya Kirgiziya) in the Russian language, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1936 to 1991.

References[change | change source]

Citations

  1. On 27 October 1990, article 6 on the monopoly of the Communist Party of Kirghizia on power was excluded from the Constitution of the Kirghiz SSR