2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war

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The 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war was a war between the Azerbaijani and Armenian armed forces in Nagorno-Karabakh. This is the most recent event during the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

The clashes began on the morning of 27 September 2020 along the Nagorno-Karabakh Line of Contact. Both sides reported military and civilian casualties.[1] In response to the clashes, Armenia and the Republic of Artsakh placed curfews, martial law and total mobilization,[2] while Azerbaijan introduced martial law and a curfew.[3][4]

On 28 September partial mobilization was declared in Azerbaijan.[5]

On 10 October, both Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to a ceasefire, the stopping of any military action, for a short time.[6]

On 9 November, with the help of Russian President Vladimir Putin, both Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a peace treaty in Moscow, ending the war the next day.[7]

The last item in the agreement reveals how much Azerbaijan has gained:

"All economic and transport links in the region are to be unblocked. The Republic of Armenia guarantees the safety of transport links between western regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic in order to organise the unimpeded movement of citizens, vehicles and cargo in both directions. Transport control is carried out by the bodies of the Border Service of the FSB of Russia. By agreement of the Parties, the construction of new transport communications linking the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic with regions of Azerbaijan is to take place".[8][9][10][7]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Fighting erupts between Armenia, Azerbaijan over disputed region". Al Jazeera. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. "Nagorno-Karabakh announces martial law and total mobilization". Reuters. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Azerbaijan's parliament approves martial law, curfews – president's aide". Reuters. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. "Vilayat Eyvazov appointed commandant of areas where curfew is applied – ORDER". APA.az. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. "Partial mobilization announced in Azerbaijan". Azeri Press Agency. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia and Azerbaijan agree ceasefire". BBC. 9 October 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Agency, Anadolu (November 10, 2020). "Euphoric Azerbaijanis celebrate 'victorious' Nagorno-Karabakh peace deal". Daily Sabah.
  8. "Заявление Президента Азербайджанской Республики, Премьер-министра Республики Армения и Президента Российской Федерации". Президент России.
  9. "РИА Новости". Telegram.
  10. Kramer, Andrew E. (November 10, 2020). "Facing Military Debacle, Armenia Accepts a Deal in Nagorno-Karabakh War" – via NYTimes.com.