Kingdom of Montenegro

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Kingdom of Montenegro[1]
Краљевина Црна Горa
Kraljevina Crna Gora
1910–1918
Anthem: Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori
Убавој нам Црној Гори
"To Our Beautiful Montenegro"
The Kingdom of Montenegro in 1914
The Kingdom of Montenegro in 1914
CapitalCetinje (1910–1916)
Capital-in-exileBordeaux
Neuilly-sur-Seine
Common languagesSerbian
Religion
Eastern Orthodox (official)[2]
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
King 
• 1910–1918
Nicholas I
Prime Minister 
• 1910–1912 (first)
Lazar Tomanović
• 1917–1918 (last)
Evgenije Popović
LegislaturePopular Assembly
Historical eraWorld War I
• Proclamation
28 August 1910
1912–1913
30 May 1913
1914–1918
20 July 1917
28 November 1918
CurrencyMontenegrin Perper
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Principality of Montenegro
Kingdom of Serbia
Today part ofMontenegro
Serbia
Kosovo[a]
  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.

The Kingdom of Montenegro (Serbian: Краљевина Црна Горa, romanized: Kraljevina Crna Gora) was a monarchy in southeastern Europe, present-day Montenegro.

History[change | change source]

It existed during the tumultuous period of time on the Balkan Peninsula leading up to and during World War I. Officially it was a constitutional monarchy, but absolutist in practice.

On 28 November 1918, following the end of World War I, with the Montenegrin government still in exile, the Podgorica Assembly proclaimed unification with the Kingdom of Serbia, which itself was merged into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes three days later, on 1 December 1918. This unification with Serbia would last, through various successor states, for almost 88 years, until finally coming to an end in 2006 as Serbia and Montenegro during the aftermath of the Yugoslav Wars .

References[change | change source]

  1. 1916–1922: Government-in-exile
  2. Constitution of the Principality of Montenegro, 1905, Article 40, "Paragraph 1: State religion in Montenegro is Eastern-Orthodox. Paragraph 2: Montenegrin Church is Autocephalous. It is independent from any other Church, but maintains dogmatic unity with Eastern-Orthodox Ecumenical Church. Paragraph 3: All other recognized religions are free in Montenegro.[1]