Bratislava

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Bratislava
Bratislava montage. From top left to right: View of Bratislava, View of Old Town, Financial District, Old Town streets, Blue Church, Grassalkovich Palace.
Flag of Bratislava
Coat of arms of Bratislava
Nicknames: 
Beauty on the Danube, Little Big City, Blava
Bratislava is located in Slovakia
Bratislava
Bratislava
Location of Bratislava in Slovakia
Bratislava is located in Bratislava Region
Bratislava
Bratislava
Bratislava (Bratislava Region)
Bratislava is located in Europe
Bratislava
Bratislava
Bratislava (Europe)
Coordinates: 48°08′38″N 17°06′35″E / 48.14389°N 17.10972°E / 48.14389; 17.10972Coordinates: 48°08′38″N 17°06′35″E / 48.14389°N 17.10972°E / 48.14389; 17.10972
CountrySlovakia
RegionBratislava
First mentioned907
Government
 • MayorMatúš Vallo
Area
 • Capital city367.584 km2 (141.925 sq mi)
 • Urban
853.15 km2 (329.40 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,053 km2 (792.66 sq mi)
Elevation
134 m (440 ft)
Population
 (2021[1])
 • Capital city census
475,503
 • Capital city estimate
666,000
 • Capital city estimate density1,812/km2 (4,690/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bratislavčan (m), Bratislavčanka (f) (sk) Bratislavan (en)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
8XX XX
Area code(s)421 2
Car plateBA, BL, BT
GRP (Metro)[2]2019
 – Total€26.4 billion
($Undefined year "2019"B)
 – Per capita€40,000
($Undefined year "2019")
Websitewww.bratislava.sk/

Bratislava is the capital city of Slovakia. About 450,000 people live there. It used to be called Pressburg (German) or Pozsony (Hungarian) and by some other names. Bratislava is the seat of the national government, the presidency, and the parliament. It has several museums, galleries, and other educational, cultural, and economic institutions.

There is a small Old Town and a castle called Bratislavský Hrad. The Danube river goes through Bratislava.

Etymology[change | change source]

Bratislava had many names through its history. Here are some of them:

  • German: Preßburg (now spelled Pressburg)
  • Slovak: Prešporok, from German name
  • Hungarian: Pozsony (still used today by Hungarians)
  • Greek (medieval): Istropolis (meaning the Danube City)
  • Latin: Posonium
  • English: Pressburg(h)/Pressborough

and many others.

Geography[change | change source]

Bratislava is in the extreme southwest of Slovakia, on the borders with Austria and Hungary, and not far from the Czech Republic border. It is on the Morava and Danube rivers.

History[change | change source]

People have lived here since the Neolithic age. The Celts inhabited this area from 400 BC-50 BC. The Roman Empire set up border military camps near Bratislava from the 1st century until the 5th century, for example,"Gerulata." The Slavs started moving here in the 6th century. Bratislava was part of the Slavic empire called Great Moravia in the 9th century. From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, with some exceptions. It was even the capital of the Kingdom between 1524 and 1830/1848. After the World War I ended in 1918, it was part of newly founded Czechoslovakia until 1939, when it became the capital of World War II the Slovak Republic until 1945. After 1945, it was part of Czechoslovakia again, becoming the capital of Slovak Socialist Republic (which was still part of Czechoslovakia) in 1968. After the event called Velvet Divorce, when Czechoslovakia broke up, Bratislava became the capital of Slovakia.

Sightseeing[change | change source]

Main square in the Old Town

List of notable structures:

Economy[change | change source]

The economy of Bratislava is prosperous and based on the automobile industry, chemical industry, and services. Unemployment (people without work) is the lowest in Slovakia (around 2%, compared to the national average of 7%). Approximately 250,000 people from all over Slovakia travel to Bratislava for work.

Transport[change | change source]

Motorway D1 in Bratislava

The position of Bratislava made it a natural crossroads for international traffic. It is a motorway and rail junction with its own international airport. The international river traffic passes along the Danube through Bratislava, with its own river port.

Bratislava has its own public transport system, with buses, trams and trolleybuses.

Territorial division[change | change source]

Bratislava districts

Bratislava is divided into 5 national districts and 17 city parts:

  • District I: Staré mesto (Old Town)
  • District II: Ružinov, Vrakuňa, Podunajské Biskupice
  • District III: Rača, Nové mesto (New Town), Vajnory
  • District IV: Karlova Ves, Dúbravka, Devín, Devínska Nová Ves, Záhorská
  • District V: Petržalka, Jarovce, Rusovce, Čunovo

Further it is divided into 20 cadastral areas, which are identical with the city parts with 2 exceptions:

  • Nové mesto = Nové mesto + Vinohrady
  • Ružinov = Ružinov + Nivy + Trnávka

Twin towns[change | change source]

Pictures[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Bratislava finds census results as positive". Pravda.sk. Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  2. "Database - National accounts - Eurostat".

Other websites[change | change source]