Czechoslovakia

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Czechoslovakia
Československo

1918–1992
 

Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Czech: Pravda vítězí
("Truth prevails"; 1918-1989)
Latin: Veritas Vincit
("Truth prevails"; 1989-1992)
Anthem
Kde domov můj and Nad Tatrou sa blýska
Capital Prague
Language(s) Czech, Slovak
Government Republic
President
 - 1918-1935 Tomáš Masaryk
 - 1935-1938, 1945-1948 Eduard Beneš
 - 1989-1992 Václav Havel
Prime Minister
 - 1918-1919 Karel Kramář
 - 1992 Jan Stráský
History
 - Independence from Austria-Hungary 28 October 1918
 - Dissolution of Czechoslovakia 31 December 1992
Area
 - 1993 127,900 km2 (49,382 sq mi)
Population
 - 1993 est. 15,600,000 
     Density 122 /km2  (315.9 /sq mi)
Currency Czechoslovak koruna

Czechoslovakia (Czech: Československo, Slovak: Československo/after 1990 Česko-Slovensko) was a country in Europe that existed from 1918 until 1993.

In mid 1938 Nazi Germany took over Czechoslovakia. After World War II the USSR kept part of eastern Czechoslovakia so that they could have a border with Hungary. The USSR also kept parts of Poland and Romania. All four of these countries were in the USSR's sphere of influence. The USSR thought that this meant they could make sure the countries did what they wanted. In 1968 the USSR thought that the government of Alexander Dubcek was moving away from communism and leaving the Warsaw Pact, and invaded Czechoslovakia.

In 1989 Czechoslovakia got peacefully rid of old communist dictatorship in the Velvet Revolution.

On January 1, 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Both countries separated in peace.