Tomáš Masaryk

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Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk 1925.PNG
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, 1925
President of Czechoslovakia
In office
14 November 1918 – 14 December 1935
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byEdvard Beneš
Personal details
Born(1850-03-07)7 March 1850
Hodonín, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire
(now Czech Republic)
Died14 September 1937(1937-09-14) (aged 87)
Lány, Czechoslovakia
(now Czech Republic)
Political partyYoung Czech Party (1890–1893)
Realist Party (1900–1918)
Spouse(s)Charlotte Garrigue
ChildrenAlice (1879–1966)
Herbert (1880–1915)
Jan (1886–1948)
Eleonor (1890–1890)
Olga (1891–1978)
Alma materUniversity of Vienna
ProfessionPhilosopher
Signature

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk[a] (7 March 1850 – 14 September 1937) was a Czechoslovak politician, statesman, sociologist, and philosopher. Until 1914, he advocated restructuring the Austro-Hungarian Empire into a federal state. With the help of the Allied Powers, Masaryk gained independence for a Czechoslovak Republic as World War I ended in 1918. He co-founded Czechoslovakia together with Milan Rastislav Štefánik and Edvard Beneš and served as its first president.

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