Warsaw Pact

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Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance
Warsaw Pact Logo.svg
Warsaw Pact in 1990 (orthographic projection).svg
The WTO in 1990
AbbreviationWTO, WAPA, DDSV
MottoUnion of peace and socialism
Founded14 May 1955 (1955-05-14)
Founded atWarsaw, Poland
Dissolved1 July 1991 (1991-07-01)
TypeMilitary alliance
HeadquartersMoscow, Soviet Union
Membership
AffiliationsCouncil for Mutual Economic Assistance
The political situation in Europe during the Cold War.
Distinguish from the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about financial liability in air travel, and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the People's Republic of Poland.

The Warsaw Pact, officially the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was an organization of Central and Eastern European Communist states. The states were all allies and would fight together if one of them was attacked. While in theory all the countries in the organisation were equals, the smaller countries were controlled by the Soviet Union.

It was established in 1955 in Warsaw, Poland in response to West Germany joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO). The treaty was signed in Warsaw, on 14 May 1955 and official copies were made in the languages of Russian, Polish, Czech and German. The Pact lasted until the end of the Cold War when some members quit in 1991, following the collapse of the Eastern bloc and political changes in the Soviet Union.

Members[change | change source]

All the Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe signed except Yugoslavia.

References[change | change source]

Notes

  1. Withheld support in 1961 due to the Soviet–Albanian split, but formally withdrew in 1968.