Polish People's Republic

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Republic of Poland (1944–52)
Rzeczpospolita Polska
Polish People's Republic (1952–89)

Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa
1944–1989
Flag of Poland
Flag (1944–80)
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem: Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Poland Is Not Yet Lost
Location of the People's Republic of Poland in Europe.
Location of the People's Republic of Poland in Europe.
StatusSatellite state of the Soviet Union
Member of the Warsaw Pact
CapitalWarsaw
Lublin (1944–45)
Łódź (1945–48)
Common languagesPolish
GovernmentMarxist–Leninist single-party state (after 1952)
Head of State 
• President
1944–1952

Bolesław Bierut (first)
• 1989
Wojciech Jaruzelski (last)


Aleksander Zawadzki (first)
• 1985–1989
Wojciech Jaruzelski (last)
Prime Minister 
• 1944–1947
Edward Osóbka-Morawski (first)
• 1989
Tadeusz Mazowiecki (last)
Historical eraWorld War II, Cold War
1944
• Workers' Party established
December 16–21, 1948
July 22, 1952
• Democracy restored
December 30 1989
Area
1990312,685 km2 (120,728 sq mi)
Population
• 1946
23930000
• 1990
37970155
CurrencyPolish złoty
ISO 3166 codePL
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Nazi Germany
General Government
Soviet Union
Poland

Polish People's Republic was an official name of Poland since 1952 until 1989.

History of People Republic of Poland[change | change source]

Origin of the name[change | change source]

In Bierut's project of Constitution was formulation "People Republic of Poland". It was on the Stalinist model. Amendments in the draft made Joseph Stalin.

Fight with the Catholic Church[change | change source]

Polish government tolerated religious beliefs, but in 1950, when Minister for Religious Affairs, Antoni Bida accused the Polish Church of hostility to the state, conflict began. This continued right up the collapse of the People's Republic of Poland, and with it communism in Poland, in 1989.

Poznań Uprishing[change | change source]

In June 1956, there was a workers strike, which was put down violently.75 people were killed.

Polish October - "Odwilż gomułkowska"[change | change source]

In October 19, 1956 to Poland arrived leaders of Communistic Party of the Soviet Union. There was a political breakthrough.

Fall of People Republic of Poland[change | change source]

Year 1980 was one of heavier years in history of country. A lot of protests led to created a "Solidarność", which in 1989 caused fall of communism in Poland.