Polish People's Republic

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Republic of Poland (1944–52)
Rzeczpospolita Polska
Polish People's Republic (1952–89)
Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa
Satellite state of the Soviet Union
Member of the Warsaw Pact
1944–1989
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Anthem
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Poland Is Not Yet Lost
Location of the People's Republic of Poland in Europe.
Capital Warsaw
Lublin (1944–45)
Łódź (1945–48)
Languages Polish
Government Marxist–Leninist single-party state (after 1952)
Head of State
 •  President
1944–1952

Bolesław Bierut (first)
 •  1989 Wojciech Jaruzelski (last)
 •  Chairman of the Council of State
1952–1964


Aleksander Zawadzki (first)
 •  1985–1989 Wojciech Jaruzelski (last)
Prime Minister
 •  1944–1947 Edward Osóbka-Morawski (first)
 •  1989 Tadeusz Mazowiecki (last)
Historical era World War II, Cold War
 •  Provisional government 1944
 •  Workers' Party established December 16–21, 1948
 •  Constitution July 22, 1952
 •  Democracy restored December 30, 1989
Area
 •  1990 312,685 km2 (120,728 sq mi)
Population
 •  1946 est. 23,930,000 
 •  1990 est. 37,970,155 
     Density 121/km2 (315/sq mi)
Currency Polish złoty
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Nazi Germany
General Government
Soviet Union
Poland

Polish People's Republic was an official name of Poland since 1952 until 1989.

History of People Republic of Poland[change | change source]

Origin of the name[change | change source]

In Bierut's project of Constitution was formulation "People Republic of Poland". It was on the Stalinist model. Amendments in the draft made Joseph Stalin.

Fight with the Catholic Church[change | change source]

Polish government tolerated religious beliefs, but in 1950, when Minister for Religious Affairs, Antoni Bida accused the Polish Church of hostility to the state, conflict began. This continued right up the collapse of the People's Republic of Poland, and with it communism in Poland, in 1989.

Poznań Uprishing[change | change source]

In June 1956, there was a workers strike, which was put down violently.75 people were killed.

Polish October - "Odwilż gomułkowska"[change | change source]

In October 19, 1956 to Poland arrived leaders of Communistic Party of the Soviet Union. There was a political breakthrough.

Fall of People Republic of Poland[change | change source]

Year 1980 was one of heavier years in history of country. A lot of protests led to created a "Solidarność", which in 1989 caused fall of communism in Poland.