Wojciech Jaruzelski

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Wojciech Jaruzelski
Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski 13 grudnia 1981.JPG
Jaruzelski in 1981
1st President of Poland
In office
19 July 1989 – 22 December 1990
Prime MinisterMieczysław Rakowski
Czesław Kiszczak
Tadeusz Mazowiecki
Preceded byOffice restored
Himself (As Chairman of the Council of State)
Bolesław Bierut (As President before office was abolished)
Succeeded byLech Wałęsa
6th First Secretary of the
Polish United Workers' Party
In office
18 October 1981 – 29 July 1989
Preceded byStanisław Kania
Succeeded byMieczysław Rakowski
6th Chairman of the Council of State
In office
6 November 1985 – 19 July 1989
Prime MinisterZbigniew Messner
Mieczysław Rakowski
Preceded byHenryk Jabłoński
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Himself (As President)
8th Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Poland
In office
11 February 1981 – 6 November 1985
Chairman of the Council of StateHenryk Jabłoński
Preceded byJózef Pińkowski
Succeeded byZbigniew Messner
Minister of National Defence of the
People's Republic of Poland
In office
11 April 1968 – 22 November 1983
Prime MinisterJózef Cyrankiewicz
Piotr Jaroszewicz
Edward Babiuch
Józef Pińkowski
Himself
Preceded byMarian Spychalski
Succeeded byFlorian Siwicki
Personal details
Born
Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski

(1923-07-06)6 July 1923
Kurów, Poland
Died25 May 2014(2014-05-25) (aged 90)
Warsaw, Poland
Resting placePowązki Military Cemetery, Warsaw
Political partyPolish Workers' Party (1944–1948)
Polish United Workers' Party (1948–1990)
Independent (1990–2014)
Spouse(s)
ChildrenMonika Jaruzelska
ProfessionMilitary
AwardsVirtuti Militari, Order of Polonia Restituta, Cross of Valor
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance Soviet Union
Polish People's Republic
Branch/service Polish People's Army
Years of service1943–1989
RankGeneral of the Army
Battles/warsWorld War II
Battle of Berlin

Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski (6 July 1923 - 25 May 2014) was a Polish military officer and politician. He was the first President of Poland from July 1989 to December 1990.

Personal life[change | change source]

Jaruzelski came from a family of Polish gentry. He was a son of Władysław Jaruzelski.

Military and political career[change | change source]

Selected by the Soviets for officer training in 1943, he served in the military until 1989. He was the last commander-in-chief of the Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie) and chairman of the Polish United Workers Party 1981-1989. Jaruzelski was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland from 1981-1985 and remained as head of state until 1990 as Poland's last communist leader. He resigned to allow for democratic elections.

In 1981, Jaruzelski ordered a brutal crackdown on people who did not agree with the Communist government of Poland. Jaruzelski imposed martial law in Poland on 13 December 1981 to stop pro-democracy movements including Solidarity, the first non-Communist trade union in the Warsaw Pact.

In 2005, Jaruzelski said he was happy that Poland joined NATO for reasons of security and the European Union for reasons of economic development.[1]

Death[change | change source]

Jaruzelski died on 25 May 2014, in a Warsaw hospital after having a stroke earlier that month.[2][3][4]

References[change | change source]

  1. https://news.yahoo.com/hundreds-jeer-polands-last-communist-leader-laid-rest-185941771.html
  2. "Nie żyje gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski". www.rmf24.pl.
  3. Poland's last Communist leader Wojciech Jaruzelski dies. 25 May 2014, BBC News.
  4. Poland's Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski dies at 90. Warsaw, Poland (AP), 25 May 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Wojciech Jaruzelski at Wikimedia Commons