Turku

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Turku
TurkuÅbo
City
Turun kaupunki
Åbo stad
City of Turku
Top row: Aerial view of Turku from atop Turku Cathedral2nd row: Statue of Per Brahe, Turku Castle, Turku Cathedral  3rd row: Turku Medieval Market, The Christmas Peace Balcony of Turku, Twilight on the Aura River  Bottom row: Summer along the Aura River, view of Yliopistonkatu pedestrian area
Top row: Aerial view of Turku from atop Turku Cathedral
2nd row: Statue of Per Brahe, Turku Castle, Turku Cathedral
3rd row: Turku Medieval Market, The Christmas Peace Balcony of Turku, Twilight on the Aura River
Bottom row: Summer along the Aura River, view of Yliopistonkatu pedestrian area
Flag of Turku
Flag
Coat of arms of Turku
Coat of arms
Turku.sijainti.suomi.2008.svg
Country  Finland
Area (2016-01-01)[1]
 • Total 245.67 km2 (94.85 sq mi)
 • Land 245.67 km2 (94.85 sq mi)
 • Water 60.78 km2 (23.47 sq mi)
Area rank 247th largest in Finland
Population (2017-08-31)[2]
 • Total 188,584
 • Rank 6th largest in Finland
 • Density 767.63/km2 (1,988.2/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 88.1% (official)
 • Swedish 5.2%
 • Others 6.7%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 13.1%
 • 15 to 64 69.5%
 • 65 or older 17.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 20000–20960
Municipal tax rate[5] 18.75%
Website www.turku.fi

Turku (Swedish: Åbo) is a city in Southwest Finland. It is the fifth-largest city in Finland, with about 180,000 people living there.

It is next to the municipalities of Aura, Kaarina, Lieto, Masku, Mynämäki, Naantali, Nousiainen, Pöytyä, Raisio and Rusko.

The official languages spoken in Turku are Finnish and Swedish.

The harbour of Turku is an important port. Many ships go from there to Mariehamn and to Stockholm. Turku Airport is also one of Finland's busiest airports.

Turku is located near the mouth of Aura river, and is spreads at both sides of the river. There are ten bridges over the Aura river in Turku.

History[change | change source]

Turku is the oldest city in the country. it was founded in 13th century, when Finland was part of the Kingdom of Sweden. It used to be the largest city and capital of Finland. From 1809 Russia ruled Finland, and in 1812 the government moved to Helsinki.[6] A big fire destroyed much of Turku in 1827. After that, even the university moved to Helsinki.[7]

The first school in Finland was established in Turku, the old Cathedral school in 13th century. The first university in Finland, the "The Royal Academy of Turku" was established in the city in 1640, but it has moved to Helsinki and become the University of Helsinki. Now there are five universities in Turku: three in Finnish language and two in Swedish language.[7]

Museums and other sights[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  2. "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. Destination:Turku Flu SAS
  7. 7.0 7.1 Turku University of Applied Sciences

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Turku at Wikimedia Commons