Chur

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Chur
Chur, looking upstream, to the west
Chur, looking upstream, to the west
Coat of arms of Chur
Coat of arms
Location of Chur
Chur is located in Switzerland
Chur
Chur
Chur is located in Canton of Graubünden
Chur
Chur
Coordinates: 46°51′N 9°32′E / 46.850°N 9.533°E / 46.850; 9.533Coordinates: 46°51′N 9°32′E / 46.850°N 9.533°E / 46.850; 9.533
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictPlessur
Government
 • ExecutiveStadtrat
with 3 members
 • MayorStadtpräsident (list)
Urs Marti FDP/PRD
(as of February 2014)
 • ParliamentGemeinderat
with 21 members
Area
 • Total28.09 km2 (10.85 sq mi)
Elevation
(Postplatz)
593 m (1,946 ft)
Highest elevation
(Fürhörnli)
1,885 m (6,184 ft)
Lowest elevation
(Bettlerküche)
554 m (1,818 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[2]
 • Total35,038
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)German: Churer(in)
Postal code
7000-7007
SFOS number3901
LocalitiesAltstadt, Sand, Kasernenquartier, Industriegebiet, Loestrasse-Lürlibad, Masans, Rheinquartier
Surrounded byChurwalden, Domat/Ems, Felsberg, Haldenstein, Maladers, Malix, Trimmis
Twin townsBad Homburg (Germany), Cabourg (France), Mayrhofen (Austria), Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg), Terracina (Italy)
Websitewww.chur.ch
SFSO statistics
Chur in 1642, by Matthäus Merian.

Chur or Coire is the capital city of the caton of Graubünden (also called Grisons). About 34.000 people live in the city, which is probably the oldest in Switzerland. The city is located on the Rhine.

The name "chur" derives perhaps from the Celtic kora or koria, meaning "tribe", or from the Latin curia

Archaeological evidence of settlement at the site goes back as far as the Pfyn culture[3] (3900-3500 BC),[4] Various artefacts from the Bronze Age and Iron Age have been found in the city. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Chur was created in the 4th century. It pis probably the first Roman Catholic diocese to be created northern of the Alps.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. "Bilanz der ständigen Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Staatsangehörigkeit (Kategorie), Geschlecht und demographischen Komponenten". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  3. Pre-Roman History in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.Error in template * invalid parameter (Template:HDS): '1'
  4. Schibler, J. 2006. The economy and environment of the 4th and 3rd millennia BC in the northern Alpine foreland based on studies of animal bones. Environmental Archaeology 11(1): 49-65