Chur, looking upstream, to the west
|• Executive||Stadtrat |
with 3 members
|• Mayor||Stadtpräsident (list)|
Urs Marti FDP/PRD
(as of February 2014)
|• Parliament||Gemeinderat |
with 21 members
|• Total||28.09 km2 (10.85 sq mi)|
|593 m (1,946 ft)|
|1,885 m (6,184 ft)|
|554 m (1,818 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Localities||Altstadt, Sand, Kasernenquartier, Industriegebiet, Loestrasse-Lürlibad, Masans, Rheinquartier|
|Surrounded by||Churwalden, Domat/Ems, Felsberg, Haldenstein, Maladers, Malix, Trimmis|
|Twin towns||Bad Homburg (Germany), Cabourg (France), Mayrhofen (Austria), Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg), Terracina (Italy)|
Chur or Coire is the capital city of the caton of Graubünden (also called Grisons). About 34.000 people live in the city, which is probably the oldest in Switzerland. The city is located on the Rhine.
Archaeological evidence of settlement at the site goes back as far as the Pfyn culture (3900-3500 BC), Various artefacts from the Bronze Age and Iron Age have been found in the city. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Chur was created in the 4th century. It pis probably the first Roman Catholic diocese to be created northern of the Alps.
References[change | change source]
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2017
- Pre-Roman History in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Schibler, J. 2006. The economy and environment of the 4th and 3rd millennia BC in the northern Alpine foreland based on studies of animal bones. Environmental Archaeology 11(1): 49-65