Chur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chur
Chur, looking upstream, to the west
Chur, looking upstream, to the west
Coat of arms of Chur
Coat of arms
Chur is located in Switzerland
Chur
Chur
Chur is located in Canton of Graubünden
Chur
Chur
Coordinates: 46°51′N 9°32′E / 46.850°N 9.533°E / 46.850; 9.533Coordinates: 46°51′N 9°32′E / 46.850°N 9.533°E / 46.850; 9.533
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Plessur
Government
 • Executive Stadtrat
with 3 members
 • Mayor Stadtpräsident (list)
Urs Marti FDP
(as of February 2014)
 • Parliament Gemeinderat
with 21 members
Area[1]
 • Total 28.09 km2 (10.85 sq mi)
Elevation (Postplatz) 593 m (1,946 ft)
Highest elevation (Fürhörnli) 1,885 m (6,184 ft)
Lowest elevation (Bettlerküche) 554 m (1,818 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 34,880
 • Density 1,241.7/km2 (3,216.0/sq mi)
Demonym(s) German: Churer(in)
Postal code 7000-7007
SFOS number 3901
Localities Altstadt, Sand, Kasernenquartier, Industriegebiet, Loestrasse-Lürlibad, Masans, Rheinquartier
Surrounded by Churwalden, Domat/Ems, Felsberg, Haldenstein, Maladers, Malix, Trimmis
Twin towns Bad Homburg (Germany), Cabourg (France), Mayrhofen (Austria), Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg), Terracina (Italy)
Website www.chur.ch
SFSO statistics
Chur in 1642, by Matthäus Merian.

Chur or Coire is the capital city of the caton of Graubünden (also called Grisons). About 34.000 people live in the city, which is probably the oldest in Switzerland. The city is located on the Rhine.

The name "chur" derives perhaps from the Celtic kora or koria, meaning "tribe", or from the Latin curia

Archaeological evidence of settlement at the site goes back as far as the Pfyn culture[3] (3900-3500 BC),[4] Various artefacts from the Bronze Age and Iron Age have been found in the city. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Chur was created in the 4th century. It pis probably the first Roman Catholic diocese to be created northn of the Alps.

References[change | change source]

  1. Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. Pre-Roman History in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. Schibler, J. 2006. The economy and environment of the 4th and 3rd millennia BC in the northern Alpine foreland based on studies of animal bones. Environmental Archaeology 11(1): 49-65