Schaffhausen

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Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen in 2012
Schaffhausen in 2012
Coat of arms of Schaffhausen
Coat of arms
Schaffhausen is located in Switzerland
Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen
Location of Schaffhausen
Karte Gemeinde Schaffhausen 2013.png
Schaffhausen is located in Canton of Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen (Canton of Schaffhausen)
Coordinates: 47°42′N 8°38′E / 47.700°N 8.633°E / 47.700; 8.633Coordinates: 47°42′N 8°38′E / 47.700°N 8.633°E / 47.700; 8.633
Country Switzerland
Canton Schaffhausen
District (None in canton of Schaffhausen)
Government
 • Executive Stadtrat
with 5 members
 • Mayor Stadtpräsident (list)
Peter Neukomm SP
(as of January 2017)
 • Parliament Grosser Stadtrat
with 36 members
Area[1]
 • Total 41.85 km2 (16.16 sq mi)
Elevation (Bahnhofstrasse) 403 m (1,322 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 36,148
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Postal code 8200, 8203, 8207, 8208, 8231 Hemmental
SFOS number 2939
Localities Schaffhausen, Breite, Gruben, Buchthalen, St. Niklausen, Herblingen, Hauental, Hemmental
Surrounded by Beringen, Büsingen am Hochrhein (DE-BW), Büttenhardt, Dörflingen, Feuerthalen (ZH), Flurlingen (ZH), Merishausen, Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Stetten, Thayngen
Twin towns Sindelfingen (Germany), Singen am Hohentwiel (Germany), Dobrich (Bulgaria)
Website www.stadt-schaffhausen.ch
Profile (German), SFSO statistics
Imperial City of Schaffhausen
Reichsstadt Schaffhausen
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
1190 or 1218–1330
1415–1501
Capital Schaffhausen
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Gained Reichsfreiheit betw 1190 and 1218
 •  Pledged to Habsburgs 1330
 •  Bought independence 1415
 •  Associate member of
    Swiss Confederacy
 
1454
 •  Joined Switzerland 1501
 •  Swiss independence
    recognised
 
1648
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Imperial Abbey of All Saints in Schaffhausen All Saints' Abbey (Switzerland)
Canton of Schaffhausen Canton of Schaffhausen
Imperial Abbey of All Saints in Schaffhausen
Reichskloster Allerheiligen, Schaffhausen
Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire
1080–1529
Capital Schaffhausen
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Consecrated (Leo IX) 22 November 1049
 •  Papal grant of
    Nellenburg lands
  1080
 •  Gained Hiltensweiler
    lands
 
1122–1389
 •  City became
    Swiss Associate
 
1454
 •  City joined Switz. 1501
 •  Converted to
    monastery and
    cathedral church
 
 
1524
 •  Disestablished in
    Reformation
  1529
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Landgraviate of Nellenburg Landgraviate of Nellenburg
Canton of Schaffhausen Canton of Schaffhausen

Schaffhausen is a town in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name. It has a population of about 36,000[3] as 2016.

The old portion of the town has many fine Renaissance era buildings decorated with exterior frescos and sculpture, as well as the impressive old canton fortress, the Munot. A train runs out of town to the nearby Rhine Falls in Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Europe's largest waterfall, a tourist attraction.

History[change | change source]

Schaffhausen was a city state in the Middle Ages, documented to have struck its own coins starting in 1045. For a time it was under Habsburg domination, but regained its independence in 1415. It allied itself with Zürich in 1457, and became a full member of the Swiss Confederation in 1501. The first railroad came to Schaffhausen in 1857.

Schaffhausen is in a finger of Swiss land surrounded on three sides by Germany. On April 1, 1944, Schaffhausen suffered a bombing raid by United States Army Air Forces aircraft which strayed from German airspace into neutral Switzerland. While the United States immediately offered four million dollars in reparations, the raid occurred only a month after the Swiss Air Force had shot down an American bomber.

Since 2009, Hemmental has been part of the town.

Industry[change | change source]

Schaffhausen has some well-known industrial companies (Georg Fischer) in piping systems, machine tools and automotives, one internationally-reputed watches manufacturer (IWC), and drug industry (Cilag, founded by Bernhard Joos).

References[change | change source]

  1. Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. "PX-Web - Datenbank wählen". www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch. Retrieved 2018-07-17.

Other websites[change | change source]