Political parties in the United States
In the United States, there have usually been two main political parties. Since the 1860s, these two main parties have been the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. The Republican Party has the most seats in the House of Representatives as well as a majority in the senate.
Democratic Party[change | change source]
Many 20th century United States Presidents such as Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton and the most recent past President Barack Obama are Democrats. They have 48 out of 100 seats in the U.S. Senate and 194 out of 435 seats in the House of Representatives. Sixteen out of 50 state governors are also Democrats. The party generally promotes liberalism and is often classed as a centre-left party. Currently, the party has 72 million registered voters across America.
Republican Party[change | change source]
The Republican Party was founded in 1854 as anti-slavery party and its first President was Abraham Lincoln in 1861. Others include Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Theodore Roosevelt, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush and Donald Trump. Republican Paul Ryan became the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives on October 29, 2015. Thirty-three out of 50 states have a Republican governor. It has around 55 million registered voters across America. Currently, the Republican Party is identified as conservative and right-wing.
Minor American Parties[change | change source]
There are several minor parties in the United States, none of whom have any seats in the Senate or the House of Representatives.
- Libertarian Party - A libertarian and liberal party which has around 411,250 registered voters as of March 2016. It is the third party (politics) and promotes a non-interventionist foreign policy and civil liberties.
- Constitution Party - A conservative party that promotes American nationalism, Paleoconservatism, Christianity, the anti-abortion movement, and greater attention on the U.S. Constitution. Has around 440,000 registered voters.