Steve Jobs

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Steve Jobs
Jobs in 2010
Born
Steven Paul Jobs

(1955-02-24)February 24, 1955
DiedOctober 5, 2011(2011-10-05) (aged 56)
Cause of deathcardiac arrest caused by Pancreatitis related to type 1 diabetes and metastatic insulinoma
Alma materReed College
Occupations
  • Co-founder, Chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc.
  • Primary investor and CEO of Pixar
  • Founder and CEO of NeXT
Known forPioneer of the personal computer revolution with Steve Wozniak
Board member of
Spouse(s)
Laurene Powell
(m. 1991; his death 2011)
PartnerChrisann Brennan
Children4
Parents
  • Paul Jobs (adoptive father)
  • Clara Jobs (adoptive mother)
  • Abdulfattah Jandali
    (father)
RelativesMona Simpson (sister)
Signature

Steven Paul "Steve" Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011[2][3]) was an American businessman, investor, and co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc. He was the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Pixar Animation Studios until it was bought by The Walt Disney Company.[4] He was the largest shareholder at Disney[5] and a member of Disney's Board of Directors. He was seen as a leading figure in both the computer and entertainment industries.[6] In August 2011, Jobs resigned, and was appointed Chairman of Apple. He served in that position until he died, at the age of 56, on October 5, 2011 from complications of pancreatitis related to type 1 diabetes and metastatic insulinoma. Steve Jobs had type 1 diabetes as a child and had problems with insulin when he died.

Biography[change | change source]

Early Life and education[change | change source]

Jobs' Birthplace
Jobs in High School, 1972

Steven Paul Jobs was born on February 24, 1955 in San Francisco, California, U.S.,[7] Steve Jobs' mother, Joanne Schieble was American of German and Swiss descent; his father, Abdulfattah "John" Jandali was a Syrian. They wanted Steve to be adopted by college graduates, that was not the case. He was adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs who promised Steve would go to college. Jobs went to Reed College for a semester and then dropped out. He spent 18 more months dropping in on more creative classes. He also took part in ballet as a child.

Founding of Apple Inc.[change | change source]

Steve Jobs with Wendell Brown in January 1984, at the launch of Brown's Hippo-C software for Macintosh

Jobs was a Silicon Valley businessman. He was most famous for his work with the company Apple Computer Inc, The company started with the release of the Apple I in 1976.

Together with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Jobs helped make the idea of the personal computer popular in the late 1970s. In the early 1980s, while still at Apple, Jobs was one of the first people to see the potential of using a mouse to control things on a computer screen.[8]

Out of Apple[change | change source]

Steve Jobs inside the Oval Office with A Bug's Life crew, November 1998

In 1985, Jobs and the other people at Apple had differences of opinion about what the company should focus on. This lead to Apple's Board of Directors firing Jobs from his position with the company. He then started NeXT, a computer platform development company. It dealt with higher education and business markets.

In 1986, Jobs bought the computer animation studio Pixar from movie director George Lucas.[9] Jobs sold Pixar to Disney in 2006. He also became a member of the Disney board of directors. Pixar went on to make many largely successful movies. These included Toy Story (1995), Monsters, Inc. (2001) and Cars (2006). Jobs made more money with Pixar than he did while he was with Apple in the 1970s and 1980s.

Return to Apple, introduction of new products and retirement[change | change source]

Steve Jobs holding a MacBook Air

Apple's 1997 buyout of NeXT brought Jobs back to the company he co-founded. He worked as the Chief Executive Officer of Apple and was paid $1 million (£600,000) per year. He concentrated on making the company profitable again. He cancelled a few unprofitable projects. Jobs was a force behind the creation of the iPod, released in 2001; the iPhone, released in 2007; and the iPad, released in 2010.

Jobs retired as CEO of Apple on August 24, 2011 because of health problems.[10][11] He suggested Tim Cook as his successor. Jobs continued as the chairman of the Apple Inc.'s Board of Directors.[12][13]

Personal life[change | change source]

Steve Jobs' Resident in Palo Alto, California

Jobs had health problems for the last few years of his life. He had a liver transplant. He died of cardiac arrest caused by pancreatitis and related to type 1 diabetes in 2011 at his home in Palo Alto, California. He was worth $8.3 billion (£5.1 billion) when he died.[9]

He had four children. He had two daughters, Erin Siena Jobs and Eve Jobs, and a son, Reed Paul Jobs, with his wife, Laurene Powell. He also had a daughter Lisa Brennan Jobs while in a previous relationship with Chrisann Brennan.

He was a Democrat and a supporter of Barack Obama, even though, as the owner of a multinational corporation, he took many views of business-friendly Republicans.[14] Jobs also once said that he voted for Ronald Reagan.[15]

Legacy[change | change source]

Staute of Steve Jobs in Hungary

Steve Jobs left a mark on the tech industry by co-founding Apple and shaping products like the iPhone and MacBook. His legacy is one of innovation, design excellence, and a never ending pursuit of pushing boundaries. However, historians often engage in debates about Steve Jobs' legacy. While many applaud his role in revolutionizing technology and popularizing products like the iPhone, others criticize aspects of his leadership style and business practices. It's a nuanced discussion with perspectives on innovation, corporate culture, and ethics.

in Popular Culture[change | change source]

He has been played by American actor Ashton Kutcher in the 2013 biopic movie Jobs and by German-born Irish actor Michael Fassbender in the 2015 movie Steve Jobs.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Walt Disney Company and Affiliated Companies – board of directors". The Walt Disney Company. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  2. "Steve Jobs Dies: Apple Chief Created Personal Computer, iPad, iPod". ABC News. Retrieved 2011-09-05.
  3. "Remembering Steve Jobs - Apple". www.apple.com.
  4. "Apple - Press Info - Bios - Steve Jobs". Apple Inc. May 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  5. "Steve Jobs' Magic Kingdom". BusinessWeek. 2006-01-06. Archived from the original on 3 February 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  6. Burrows, Peter (2004-11-04). "Steve Jobs: He Thinks Different". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 31 October 2004. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  7. Isaacson, Walter (2011-10-24). Steve Jobs: The Exclusive Biography. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 978-0-7481-3132-7.
  8. Kahney, Leander (2004-01-06). "Wired News: We're All Mac Users Now". Wired News. Retrieved 2006-09-20.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Markoff, John (October 5, 2011). "Steve Jobs, Apple's Visionary, Dies at 56". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
  10. Streitfeld, David (August 24, 2011). "Jobs Steps Down at Apple, Saying He Can't Meet Duties". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  11. "Steve Jobs : Apple CEO Steps Down, Bad For Apple And The SF Bay Area : Zennie Abraham : City Brights". San Francisco Chronicle. San Francisco: Hearst. ISSN 1932-8672. Retrieved August 25, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  12. "Steve Jobs resigns as Apple CEO!". Archived from the original on 2011-10-16. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
  13. "Steve Jobs resigns as Apple CEO".
  14. "Steve Jobs". Hollowverse.com. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  15. "Steve Jobs". Quora.com. Retrieved 16 January 2018.

Other websites[change | change source]

Interviews[change | change source]