San Francisco

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San Francisco, California
City and County of San Francisco
San Francisco from the Marin Headlands
San Francisco from the Marin Headlands
Flag of San Francisco, California
Official seal of San Francisco, California
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Oro en Paz, Fierro en Guerra (Spanish)
(English: "Gold in Peace, Iron in War")
Anthem: I Left My Heart in San Francisco[2]
Interactive map outlining San Francisco
San Francisco is located in California
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location within California
San Francisco is located in the United States
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location within the United States
San Francisco is located in North America
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location within North America
San Francisco is located in Earth
San Francisco
San Francisco
San Francisco (Earth)
Coordinates: 37°46′39″N 122°24′59″W / 37.77750°N 122.41639°W / 37.77750; -122.41639Coordinates: 37°46′39″N 122°24′59″W / 37.77750°N 122.41639°W / 37.77750; -122.41639
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySan Francisco
CSASan Jose–San Francisco–Oakland
MetroSan Francisco–Oakland–Hayward
MissionJune 29, 1776[3]
IncorporatedApril 15, 1850[4]
Founded byJosé Joaquín Moraga
Francisco Palóu
Named forSt. Francis of Assisi
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • BodyBoard of Supervisors
 • MayorLondon Breed (D)[5]
 • Supervisors[7]
 • Assembly members[8][9]David Chiu (D)
Phil Ting (D)
 • State senatorScott Wiener (D)[6]
 • United States Representatives[10][11]Nancy Pelosi (D)
Jackie Speier (D)
Area
 • City and county231.89 sq mi (600.59 km2)
 • Land46.9 sq mi (121.48 km2)
 • Water184.99 sq mi (479.11 km2)  80.00%
 • Metro
3,524.4 sq mi (9,128 km2)
Elevation52 ft (16 m)
Highest elevation934 ft (285 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • City and county873,965
 • Rank17th in the United States
4th in California
 • Density18,634.65/sq mi (7,194.31/km2)
 • Metro4,749,008 (12th)
Demonym(s)San Franciscan
San Francisqueño/a
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
ZIP Codes[17]
List
  • 94102–94105
  • 94107–94112
  • 94114–94134
  • 94137
  • 94139–94147
  • 94151
  • 94158–94161
  • 94163–94164
  • 94172
  • 94177
  • 94188
Area codes415/628[18]
FIPS code06-67000
GNIS feature IDs277593, 2411786
GDP (2019)[19]City—$203.5billion

MSA—$591.9 billion (4th)

CSA—$1.086 trillion (3rd)
Websitesf.gov

San Francisco is a city in the U.S. state of California. It is famous for the Golden Gate Bridge. With a population of 744,041, San Francisco is the 13th largest city in the United States, and the 4th largest city in California behind Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Jose. It is in the northern part of California, between the Pacific Ocean and the San Francisco Bay. The urbanized San Francisco Bay Area surrounds it. San Francisco was founded in 1776 by the Spanish conquerors. It was called "Hierba Buena" which is Spanish for "Good Herb", because a lot of mint grew there.[20] After the Mexican-American War, Yerba Buena was taken over by the United States. In 1848 it was renamed "San Francisco" and became a city in 1850. The city is famous for its many internet companies and being home to a large LGBTQ+ population.

Climate[change | change source]

San Francisco has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb in the Köppen climate classification). The record high temperature is 41.1 °C (106 °F) on September 1, 2017. The record low temperature is -4.4 °C (24 °F) on December 9, 1972.

Climate data for San Francisco (1981-2010, Sun 1961-1974, Extremes 1874-)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.1
(79.0)
27.2
(81.0)
29.4
(84.9)
34.4
(93.9)
38.3
(100.9)
39.4
(102.9)
39.4
(102.9)
36.7
(98.1)
41.1
(106.0)
38.9
(102.0)
30.0
(86.0)
24.4
(75.9)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
15.7
(60.3)
16.6
(61.9)
17.3
(63.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.1
(66.4)
19.2
(66.6)
20.1
(68.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.7
(69.3)
17.3
(63.1)
13.9
(57.0)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
8.6
(47.5)
9.2
(48.6)
9.6
(49.3)
10.6
(51.1)
11.6
(52.9)
12.3
(54.1)
12.8
(55.0)
12.8
(55.0)
12.1
(53.8)
10.1
(50.2)
7.8
(46.0)
10.4
(50.8)
Record low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.2
(36.0)
3.9
(39.0)
6.7
(44.1)
5.6
(42.1)
5.0
(41.0)
2.8
(37.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 114.3
(4.50)
113.3
(4.46)
82.8
(3.26)
37.1
(1.46)
17.8
(0.70)
4.1
(0.16)
0.0
(0.0)
1.5
(0.06)
5.3
(0.21)
28.4
(1.12)
80.3
(3.16)
115.8
(4.56)
600.7
(23.65)
Average rainy days 11.7 11.1 11.0 6.5 3.8 1.5 0.3 1.0 1.7 3.9 8.9 11.6 73.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 185.9 207.7 269.1 309.3 325.1 311.4 313.3 287.4 271.4 247.1 173.4 160.6 3,061.7
Source 1: NOAA[21][22]
Source 2: Intellicast[23]
City center of San Francisco

References[change | change source]

  1. Garling, Caleb (June 30, 2013). "Don't Call It Frisco: The History of San Francisco's Nicknames". The Bold Italic. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  2. Museum of San Francisco, retrieved June 17, 2020.
  3. Edward F. O'Day (October 1926). "The Founding of San Francisco". San Francisco Water. Spring Valley Water Authority. Archived from the original on July 27, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  4. "San Francisco: Government". SFGov.org. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. San Francisco was incorporated as a City on April 15th, 1850 by act of the Legislature.
  5. "Office of the Mayor : Home". City & County of San Francisco. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  6. "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
  7. "Board of Supervisors". City and County of San Francisco. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  8. "Communities of Interest – City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  9. "Members Assembly". California State Assembly. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  10. "Communities of Interest – City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  11. "Directory of Representatives". U.S. House of Representatives.
  12. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  13. "San Francisco". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". US Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
  15. "QuickFacts: San Francisco city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  16. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  17. "ZIP Codes for City of San Francisco, CA". 2010 United States census. 2010. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2021 – via Zip-Codes.com.
  18. "NPA City Report". North American Numbering Plan Administration. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  19. "GDP by County, Metro, and Other Areas; U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)".
  20. "Yerba Buena Renamed San Francisco - 1847". www.sfmuseum.org.
  21. http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/climate/monthdisp.php?stn=KSFO&p=temperature&mon=12&wfo=mtr&year=2017
  22. https://web.archive.org/web/20061007193700/http://www.nws.noaa.gov/climate/xmacis.php?wfo=mtr
  23. "Intellicast - Weather Underground". www.wunderground.com.

Other websites[change | change source]