|Manufacturer||Foxconn (on contract)|
|Release date||Original: June 29, 2007|
3G: July 11, 2008
3GS: June 19, 2009
4: June 24, 2010
4S: October 14, 2011
5: September 21, 2012
5S and 5C: September 20, 2013
6 and 6 Plus: September 19, 2014
6S and 6S Plus: September 25, 2015
SE (1st generation): March 31, 2016
7 and 7 Plus: September 16, 2016
8 and 8 Plus: September 22, 2017
X: November 3, 2017
|Units sold||700 million|
|System-on-chip used||1st gen: |
4: Apple A4
4S: Apple A5
5 and 5C: Apple A6
5S: Apple A7
6 and 6 Plus: Apple A8
6S 6S Plus, and SE: Apple A9
7 and 7 Plus: Apple A10 Fusion
|CPU||1st gen and 3G:|
Samsung 32-bit RISC ARM 1176JZ(F)-S v1.0
600 MHz ARM Cortex-A8
800 MHz ARM Cortex-A8
800 MHz dual-core ARM Cortex-A9
1.3 GHz dual core Apple A6
|Memory||1st gen and 3G:|
128 MB LPDDR DRAM (137 MHz)
256 MB LPDDR DRAM (200 MHz)
512 MB LPDDR2 DRAM (200 MHz)
512 MB LPDDR2 DRAM
1 GB LPDDR2 DRAM
|Storage||4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 or 512 GB flash memory|
|Display||1st gen and 3G:|
3.5 in (89 mm)
3:2 aspect ratio, scratch-resistant glossy glass covered screen, 262,144-color (18-bit) TN LCD, 480×320 px (HVGA) at 163 ppi, 200:1 contrast ratio
In addition to prior, features a fingerprint-resistant oleophobic coating, and 262,144-color (18-bit) TN LCD with hardware spatial dithering
4 and 4S:
3.5 in (89 mm), 3:2 aspect ratio, aluminosilicate glass covered 16,777,216-color (24-bit) IPS LCD screen, 960×640 px at 326 ppi, 800:1 contrast ratio, 500 cd⁄m² max brightness
5, 5C, 5S and SE (1st):
4.0 in (100 mm);16:9 aspect ratio;1136 x 640 px screen resolution at 326 ppi
|Graphics||1st gen and 3G:|
PowerVR MBX Lite 3D GPU (103 MHz)
PowerVR SGX535 GPU
PowerVR SGX535 GPU
PowerVR SGX543MP2 (2-core) GPU
PowerVR SGX543MP3 (3-core) GPU
|Sound||Bluetooth, speaker, microphone, headset jack|
|Power||Built-in rechargeable Li-Po battery|
1st gen: 3.7 V 5.18 W·h (1400 mA·h)
3G: 3.7 V 4.12 W·h (1150 mA·h)
3GS 3.7 V 4.51 W·h (1219 mA·h)
4: 3.7 V 5.25 W·h (1420 mA·h)
4S: 3.7 V 5.3 W·h (1432 mA·h)
5: 3.8 V 5.45 W·h (1440 mA·h)
|Online services||iTunes Store, App Store, iCloud, iBooks, Passbook|
115 mm (4.5 in) H
61 mm (2.4 in) W
11.6 mm (0.46 in) D
3G and 3GS:
115.5 mm (4.55 in) H
62.1 mm (2.44 in) W
12.3 mm (0.48 in) D
4 and 4S:
115.2 mm (4.54 in) H
58.6 mm (2.31 in) W
9.3 mm (0.37 in) D
123.8 mm (4.87 in) H
58.6 mm (2.31 in) W
7.6 mm (0.30 in) D
|Mass||1st gen and 3GS:|
135 g (4.8 oz)
133 g (4.7 oz)
137 g (4.8 oz)
140 g (4.9 oz)
112 g (4.0 oz)
|Related articles||iPad, iPod Touch|
The iPhone is a series of smartphones made by Apple Inc since 2007. It does many things that a computer can do, but is small enough to fit in someone's hand. It is a mobile phone, meaning that it makes calls and sends text messages but without wires. There're many types of iPhones, such as the model iPhone X.
The iPhone can access the Internet as well, either using a cellular network or over Wi-Fi. Like an iPod, it plays music and videos that have been downloaded from the Internet directly, or which have been put on it by connecting it to a personal computer, which is called syncing. It also has a calendar and 1, 2 or 3 built-in cameras. A user can make it do many other things, such as run video games, by downloading apps from the App Store.
The iPhone doesn't have as many buttons as other well-known phones in the early days, such as those made by companies like Motorola and Nokia. Instead, it had a touch screen that covers much of the front of the phone. People control the phone by touching things that appear on the screen with a finger or two. This technology is called multi-touch, and involves tapping, dragging, and even typing on a keyboard picture shown on the screen.
All iPhones run on a mobile operating system which Apple calls "iOS". A new version of iOS comes out every year, each having more features than the one before. Each new iPhone comes with the latest version of iOS, and older iPhones usually also get a software update to the latest version. The more-recent iPhones, such as the iPhone 11 and variants of it, use iOS 13 and came out in September 2019.
As of November 1, 2018, more than 2.2 billion iPhones had been sold.
Historical Information[change | change source]
There have been ten types of iPhone models.
The original iPhone was released on June 29, 2007. In the first month on sale (Jul 2007), it sold 2.315 million units. On July 11, 2008, the iPhone 3G was released which, hence the name, got upgraded with 3G wireless internet. On June 17, 2009, Apple released the iPhone 3GS which featured a compass and a 3.2-megapixel video camera. On June 24, 2010, a new version of the iPhone, the iPhone 4, was released. It has the Face Time-camera included, which is placed on the screen side and allows taking self-portraits while looking at the viewfinder. The Face Time-camera is less advanced than the back camera, but can be used for video-telephony, where the members of the talking can see each other on the screen. Additionally, it has an updated operating system that allows quicker navigation of all the features. This operating system is called IOS. The iPhone 4 also has more pixels (326 ppi; 960×640) on the screen than previous version of the iPhone, which makes all features such as pictures and videos look sharper. A minor upgrade to the iPhone 4 was the iPhone 4S. It came on October 14, 2011, and had a new feature called Siri, which is a voice activation system. Additionally, it is able to record videos in 1080p-FullHD-resolution, which is 2.25× times higher than 720p, so that each still frame from the video contains more details. This makes it possible to see smaller items on the footage in a sharper, clearer way. Additionally, it allows zooming into the video to see more details.
The iPhone 5 was released on September 21, 2012. The most noticeable change is its bigger 4 inch screen, which had the same pixel density and the same width on the short axis, but it was taller (1136×640 pixels). On September 10, 2013, two new iPhones called the 5C and 5S were announced. They were released on September 20, 2013. The iPhone 5S has a new unlocking system called Touch ID which reads your fingerprint. The iPhone 5C is a cheaper model of the iPhone 5S which is also the first iPhone available in different colors that aren't black and white. The internal hardware specifications (which means, capabilities) of the iPhone 5C are identical to the iPhone 5. Only the size of the battery has increased by 51 mAh, (1456→1507 mAh), and the design, which deviant from the Apple standard design language, which means, that it looks and feels distinguishable (different) than the other iPhones. Like iPhone 6, the design does not allow the iPhone 5C to stand like a domino stone.
The iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus were released on September 19, 2014. They both have bigger screens than the iPhone 5, measuring at 4.7 inches and 5.5 inches, respectively. The iPhone 6S and iPhone 6S Plus were released on September 25, 2015. They both come in a new color, Rose Gold.
The iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus were released on September 16, 2016.
iPhone 8, 8 Plus, X, XR, XS, XS Max, 11, 11 Pro, 11 Pro Max, SE (2nd gen), 12, 12 Pro and 12 Pro Max were released in 2017, 2017, 2017, 2018, 2018, 2018, 2019, 2019, 2019, 2020, 2020, 2020, 2020 and 2020 respectively.
Carriers[change | change source]
In most places, the iPhone is only allowed with carriers (cellphone service providers) that Apple has an agreement with. Someone who buys an iPhone also signs a contract with the carrier, which is an agreement to pay for their services. A mobile phone contract usually lasts for one or two years, and the person buying the phone pays the carrier every month. At first, they pay less than the iPhone is worth because they will pay the rest later through fees as part of their contract. The contract also says the iPhone may only be used on their network. However, some people do not like that, so they unlock their iPhone so it can be used with other carriers.
Jailbreaking[change | change source]
Other people "jailbreak" their iPhones to allow it to do more things. Apple does not allow many of these changes. In hopes of discouraging this, Apple voids the warranty when an iPhone is "unlocked" or "jailbroken." Though in August 2011 jailbreaking was declared legal.
Apps[change | change source]
Apple made a Software Development Kit for the iPhone, which lets people make their own software for it. However, the software cannot be sold without Apple's permission. The software that is made is sold at the App Store. More than a million of apps are available to buy.
Models[change | change source]
|Model||Image||Storage space||Changes||Connection||Original release date||Original Pricing (USD)||Minimum OS to sync|
|Original||4, 8, 16 GB||First model with many multimedia features such as Safari (either Wi-Fi or 2G), Music, Camera, and more.||USB||29 June 2007||$499, $699, $899||Mac: 10.4/10.5|
|3G||8, 16 GB||Featured a GPS, 3G (faster internet) and a new, black plastic back rather than the metal back on the previous iPhone. A white model was also released.||USB||11 July 2008||$499, $699, $899||Mac: 10.5|
|3GS||8, 16, 32 GB||Featured video recording and a compass.||USB||19 June 2009||$599, $799, $999||Mac: 10.5/10,6|
|4||8, 16, 32 GB||Totally redesigned with a glass back instead of plastic, and a metal band around the edge of the phone. Features a camera facing the user for "FaceTime" video calling and a much better screen and camera.||USB||24 June 2010||$599, $699, $799||Mac: 10.6/10.7|
Windows: Windows 7
|4S||8, 16, 32, 64 GB||Features an 8 megapixel camera and a voice assistant named Siri so people can speak to their iPhone.||USB||14 October 2011||$599, $699, $799||Mac: 10.6/10.7/10.8|
Windows: Windows 7
|5||16, 32, 64 GB||Features a taller 4" screen, rather than the traditional 3.5" screen, 4G/LTE (super-fast internet), and a new charging/synchronising cable called Lightning. It is also much thinner than the previous iPhones. It has a 32-bit Apple A6 chip.||USB||21 September 2012||$649, $749, $849||Mac: 10.7/10.8|
|5C||16, 32 GB||A colorful iPhone 5 with a FaceTime HD front camera and more cellular LTE bands.||USB||20 September 2013||$549, $649||Mac: 10.7/10.8|
|5S||16, 32, 64 GB||It has new features such a slow-motion 120fps camera, a fingerprint sensor called Touch ID, and a 64-bit Apple A7 chip.||USB||20 September 2013||$649, $749, $849||Mac: 10.7/10.8|
|6||16, 64, 128 GB||It has a bigger screen, measuring at 4.7 inches. It also has an Apple A8 processor and Apple M8 motion coprocessor.||USB||19 September 2014||$649, $749, $849||Mac: 10.6/10.7|
|6 Plus||16, 64, 128 GB||Like the iPhone 6, it has a bigger and sharper screen, measuring at 5.5 inches. It also has the Apple A8 processor and Apple M8 motion coprocessor. Additionally, older models, that were sold shortly after release, are capable of being bent. They are flexible like the LG G Flex series smartphones by LG electronics.||USB||19 September 2014||$749, $849, $949||Mac: 10.6/10.7|
|6S||16, 32, 64, 128 GB||It has a "3D Touch" touchscreen, where if you press harder, it can do other things. That's because the force-touch-screen is capable of detecting, with what power you push the screen. It has an Apple A9 processor and Apple M9 motion co-processor, which runs faster than the predecessors. But the difference can not be noticed in the practical usage, which is, because the predecessors were that fast, that a difference of milleseconds is barely noticeable.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A||25 September 2015||$649, $749, $849||Mac: 10.8.5+|
|6S Plus||16, 32, 64, 128 GB||Like the iPhone 6S, but with the same size as the iPhone 6 Plus. The screen is sharper (401 ppi), and has a higher screen resolution (1080p). It is the first iPhone, that can use optical image stabilization (physical camera movement compensation by moving the lens in the opposite direction of hand movement) for video.s||Apple-Lighting to USB-A||25 September 2015||$749, $849, $949||Mac: 10.8.5+|
|SE (1st)||16, 64 GB||It is the same as an iPhone 5S, but with the same internal hardware as an iPhone 6S/6S Plus||Apple-Lighting to USB-A||31 March 2016||$399, $499||Mac: 10.8.5+|
|7||32, 128, 256 GB||Pretty much the same as an iPhone 6S, but with improved hardware and without an earphone port. it is also water resistant.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A||16 September 2016||$649, $749, $849||Mac: TBA+|
|7 Plus||32, 64, 128, 256 GB||Pretty much the same as an iPhone 6S Plus, but with improved hardware and without an earphone port. It is also water resistant.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A||16 September 2016||$769, $869, $969||Mac: TBA+|
|8||64, 256 GB||Addition of wireless charging, a faster processor, and improved cameras and displays||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||22 September 2017||$699,
|8 Plus||64, 256 GB||Addition of wireless charging, a faster processor, and improved cameras and displays||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||22 September 2017||$799,
|X||64, 256 GB||OLED display, dual cameras with improved depth sensing, and a face recognition unlock system called Face ID||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||3 November 2017||$999,
|XS||64 GB, 256 GB, 512 GB||Now available in gold, like the older models.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||September 21, 2018||$999,
|XS Max||64 GB, 256 GB, 512 GB||Now available in gold, like the older models.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||September 21, 2018||$1099,
|XR||64 GB, 128 GB, 256 GB||Available in color. See iPhone 5c.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||October 26, 2018||$749,
|11||64 GB, 128 GB, 256 GB||Also available in color, just like the iPhone XR.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||September 20, 2019||$699,
|11 Pro||64 GB, 256 GB, 512 GB||Has 3 rear cameras.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||September 20, 2019||$999,
|11 Pro Max||64 GB, 256 GB, 512 GB||Has 3 rear cameras.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||September 20, 2019||$1049,
|SE (2020)||64 GB, 128 GB, 256 GB||Looks like the iPhone 8, but has the A13 chip.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||April 24, 2020||$399,
|12 mini||64 GB, 128 GB, 256 GB||Smaller than iPhone 12.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||November 13, 2020||$699, $749, $849|
|12||64 GB, 128 GB, 256 GB||The design of iPhone 4.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||October 23, 2020||$799, $849, $949|
|12 Pro||128 GB, 256 GB, 512 GB||Comes with LiDAR.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||October 23, 2020||$999, $1099, $1299|
|12 Pro Max||128 GB, 256 GB, 512 GB||Comes with LiDAR.||Apple-Lighting to USB-A, wireless||November 13, 2020||$1099, $1199, $1399|
Timeline[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Under the Hood: The iPhone's Gaming Mettle". Touch Arcade. 2008-06-14. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "The iPhone 3GS Hardware Exposed & Analyzed". AnandTech. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "iPhone 4 Teardown - Page 2". iFixit. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- Toor, Amar (2011-10-11). "Benchmarks clock iPhone 4S' A5 CPU at 800MHz, show major GPU upgrade over iPhone 4". Engadget.com. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "iPhone 5 - View all the technical specifications". Apple. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- Apple Inc. (June 18, 2007). "iPhone Delivers Up to Eight Hours of Talk Time". Press release. https://www.apple.com/pr/library/2007/06/18iphone.html.
- Slivka, Eric (2009-06-10). "More WWDC Tidbits: iPhone 3G S Oleophobic Screen, "Find My iPhone" Live lLP". Mac Rumors. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- Po-Han Lin. "iPhone Secrets and iPad Secrets and iPod Touch Secrets". Technology Depot. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
- "Update: UK graphics specialist confirms that iPhone design win". EE Times.
- Shimpi, Anand (2009-06-10). "The iPhone 3GS Hardware Exposed & Analyzed". AnandTech. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
Sorrel, Charlie (2009-06-10). "Gadget Lab Hardware News and Reviews T-Mobile Accidentally Posts Secret iPhone 3G S Specs". Wired.com. Retrieved 2009-06-14.
- "Apple A4 Teardown". ifixit.com. 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- Walker, Eric (October 9, 2011). "SGX 543MP2 vs Mali-400: Is iPhone 4S GPU Really Twice As Strong As SGS 2?". productsyoucantrefuse.com, Products you can't refuse. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- Guinness world records 2009. Craig Glenday, Guinness World Records Limited. [London]. 2008. ISBN 978-1-904994-37-4. OCLC 225870383.CS1 maint: others (link)
- GSMArena specifications
- Apple Inc., Newsroom Archive - Apple, Retrieved June 7, 2018.
- Mactracker (mactracker.ca), Apple Inc. model database, version as of 26 July 2007.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Apple iPhone - Official website