Kennedy Space Center

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John F. Kennedy Space Center
NASA logo.svg
Kennedy Space Center composite photograph.jpg
Merritt Island.jpg
KSC shown in white; CCAFS in green
AbbreviationKSC
Named afterJohn F. Kennedy
FormationJuly 1, 1962; 57 years ago (1962-07-01)
TypeNASA facility
Location
Coordinates28°31′27″N 80°39′03″W / 28.52417°N 80.65083°W / 28.52417; -80.65083Coordinates: 28°31′27″N 80°39′03″W / 28.52417°N 80.65083°W / 28.52417; -80.65083
Official language
English
OwnerNASA
Director
Robert D. Cabana
Deputy director
Janet E. Petro
Budget (2010)
US$350 million
Staff (2011)
13,100
Websitewww.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/home/index.html
Formerly called
Launch Operations Center
[1]

The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is a spaceport in Merritt Island, Florida, USA. It is one of the ten main locations of NASA.Since December 1968, Kennedy Space Center has been the main launch center of human spaceflight of the United States. It borders on the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, which helps the Space Center.

Facilities[change | change source]

There are about 700 facilities and buildings in the 580 square kilometers (144,000 acres) of KSC.[2] The unique facilities of KSC are the 160-metre (525 ft) tall "Vehicle Assembly Building", the Launch Complex 39 (39A, 39B and 39C), the 5-kilometer (3-mile) long "Shuttle Landing Facility", the 4-storey tall "Launch Control Center", and the "Visitor Complex".

Vehicle Assembly Building[change | change source]

The Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) is the large building at KSC. It assemble large rockets, for example the Saturn V and the Space Shuttle. The future rocket Space Launch System (SLS) will also be assembled there.

Launch Complex 39[change | change source]

The Launch Complex 39 (LC-39) is a rocket launch facility of KSC. The site was originally made for the Apollo program. Later, it was modified for the Space Shuttle program. As of 2017, only Pad 39A is in use to launch SpaceX's Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy. Pad 39B is modifying for NASA's Space Launch System. The Pad 39C was added in 2015 for small rocket launches, although it is not in use.

Shuttle Landing Facility[change | change source]

The Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) is an airport of KSC. It was used for landing of the Space Shuttle until 2011. It is also used for take offs and landings for NASA airplanes, for example the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft and some civilian airplanes.[3][4]

Launch Control Center[change | change source]

The Launch Control Center (LCC) is a building at KSC. It controls the rocket launches from Launch Complex 39.

Visitor Complex[change | change source]

The Visitor Complex is the visitor center of KSC. It has exhibits and displays, historic spacecraft and memorabilia, movies, and a bus tour of the KSC. As of 2016, about 1,700,000 people visited the center.

Total launches[change | change source]

LC-39A launches
Launch vehicles Launches
Saturn V
12
Space Shuttle
98
Falcon 9
15
Falcon Heavy
3
LC-39B launches
Launch vehicles Launches
Saturn V
1
Saturn IB
4
Space Shuttle
37
Ares I
1

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Kennedy Business Report" (PDF). Annual Report FY2010. NASA. February 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2011.
  2. "Kennedy Creating New Master Plan". NASA. March 12, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
  3. NASA (2007). "Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF)". NASA. Retrieved November 7, 2007.
  4. NASA (2007). "Shuttle Landing 101". NASA. Retrieved November 7, 2007.