Apollo 7

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Apollo 7
Apollo 7 during the first live television transmission from space.jpg
The crew of Apollo 7 transmitted the first live television broadcast aboard an American manned spacecraft.
Mission type Manned CSM test flight
Operator NASA[1]
COSPAR ID 1968-089A
SATCAT no. 3486
Mission duration 10 days, 20 hours, 9 minutes, 3 seconds
Orbits completed 163
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Apollo CSM-101
Manufacturer North American Rockwell
Launch mass 36,419 pounds (16,519 kg)[2]
Landing mass 11,409 pounds (5,175 kg)
Crew
Crew size 3
Members
Callsign Apollo 7
Start of mission
Launch date October 11, 1968, 15:02:45 (1968-10-11UTC15:02:45Z) UTC
Rocket Saturn IB SA-205
Launch site Cape Kennedy LC-34
End of mission
Recovered by USS Essex
Landing date October 22, 1968, 11:11:48 (1968-10-22UTC11:11:49Z) UTC
Landing site North Atlantic Ocean
27°32′N 64°04′W / 27.533°N 64.067°W / 27.533; -64.067 (Apollo 7 splashdown)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth orbit
Perigee 227 kilometers (123 nmi)
Apogee 301 kilometers (163 nmi)
Inclination 31.6 degrees
Period 89.79 minutes
Epoch October 13, 1968[3]

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The Apollo 7 Prime Crew - GPN-2000-001160.jpg
Left to right: Eisele, Schirra, Cunningham

Apollo 7 was a mission in the NASA's Apollo program. It was the first manned mission in the Apollo program and the first manned US space flight after Apollo 1 disaster. The mission was a C type mission. Apollo 7 was launched on October 11, 1968 and stayed in space for 10 days, 20 hours, 9 minutes and three seconds.[4]:76 It orbited the Earth. Apollo 7 was the first manned launch of the Saturn IB launch vehicle and the first three-person US space mission. The crew were Commander Walter M. Schirra, with Command Module Pilot Donn Eisele and Lunar Module Pilot R. Walter Cunningham. The mission was designed to test the re-made Block II Apollo Command/Service Module. The crew orbited in Earth orbit so that they could check life-support, propulsion and control systems. The mission was a success. It gave NASA the confidence to launch Apollo 8 later.

References[change | change source]

  1. Orloff, Richard W. (September 2004) [First published 2000]. "Table of Contents". Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference. NASA History Division, Office of Policy and Plans. NASA History Series. Washington, D.C.: NASA. ISBN 0-16-050631-X. LCCN 00061677. NASA SP-2000-4029. Archived from the original on August 23, 2007. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  2. "Apollo 7 Mission Report" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: NASA. December 1, 1968. p. A-47. 
  3. McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Pages. Retrieved March 23, 2014. 
  4. Furniss, Tim (2001). The History of Space Vehicles. London: Grange Books. ISBN 1-84013-370-8. 

Other websites[change | change source]