Space station

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International Space Station

A space station is a structure built in space for astronauts to live in and to make experiments for science. A famous example of a space station is the International Space Station.

History[change | change source]

Early concepts[change | change source]

Rotating space station by Herman Potočnik in The Problem of Space Travel (1929)

Space stations have been envisaged since at least as early as 1869 when Edward Everett Hale wrote "The Brick Moon".[1] Konstantin Tsiolkovsky gave a serious idea about space station.[2] In 1929 Herman Potočnik's The Problem of Space Travel was published. He was the first to think about "rotating wheel" space station to create artificial gravity.[1]

During the Second World War, German scientists researched the theoretical concept of an orbital weapon based on a space station.

In 1951, in Collier's Weekly, Wernher von Braun published his design for a rotating wheel space station, which referenced Potočnik's idea. However, these concepts would never leave the drawing board during the 20th century.[2]

During the same time as von Braun used Potočnik's ideas, the Soviet design bureaus were used Tsiolkovsky's ideas for space stations. The work by OKB-52 would lead to the Almaz programme and (together with OKB-1) to the first space station: Salyut 1. The developed hardware laid the ground for the Salyut and Mir space stations, and is even today a considerable part of the ISS space station.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mann, Adam (January 25, 2012). "Strange Forgotten Space Station Concepts That Never Flew". Wired. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The First Space Station". Boys' Life. September 1989. p. 20.
  3. Ivanovich, Grujica S. (2008). Salyut – The First Space Station: Triumph and Tragedy. Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-0-387-73973-1. Retrieved 1 February 2018.