Atlanta

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Atlanta, Georgia
City
City of Atlanta
From top to bottom left to right: Atlanta skyline seen from Buckhead, the Fox Theatre, the Georgia State Capitol, Centennial Olympic Park, Millennium Gate, the Canopy Walk, the Georgia Aquarium, The Phoenix statue, and the Midtown skyline
From top to bottom left to right: Atlanta skyline seen from Buckhead, the Fox Theatre, the Georgia State Capitol, Centennial Olympic Park, Millennium Gate, the Canopy Walk, the Georgia Aquarium, The Phoenix statue, and the Midtown skyline
Flag of Atlanta, Georgia
Flag
Nickname(s): The City in a Forest,[1] ATL,[2] The A,[3] Hotlanta,[4] The Gate City.[5] (See also Nicknames of Atlanta)
Motto: Resurgens (Latin for rising again)
City highlighted in Fulton County, location of Fulton County in the state of Georgia
City highlighted in Fulton County, location of Fulton County in the state of Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia is located in the US
Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia is located in North America
Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
Location in Georgia, United States & North America
Coordinates: 33°45′18″N 84°23′24″W / 33.75500°N 84.39000°W / 33.75500; -84.39000Coordinates: 33°45′18″N 84°23′24″W / 33.75500°N 84.39000°W / 33.75500; -84.39000
Country  United States of America
State Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia
Counties Fulton, DeKalb
Terminus 1837
Marthasville 1843
City of Atlanta December 29, 1847
Government
 • Mayor Kasim Reed (D)
 • Body Atlanta City Council
Area
 • City 134.0 sq mi (347.1 km2)
 • Land 133.2 sq mi (344.9 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
 • Urban 1,963 sq mi (5,080 km2)
 • Metro 8,376 sq mi (21,690 km2)
Elevation 738 to 1,050 ft (225 to 320 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 420,003
 • Estimate (2016) 472,522
 • Density 3,360/sq mi (1,299/km2)
 • Urban 4,975,300
 • Urban density 2,540/sq mi (979/km2)
 • Metro 5,710,795[6] (9th)
 • Metro density 660/sq mi (255/km2)
 • CSA 6,365,108[7] (11th)
 • Demonym Atlantan[8]
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 30060, 30301-30322, 30324-30334, 30336-30350, 30340, 30353, 30363
Area codes 404/678/470/770
FIPS code 13-04000[9]
GNIS feature ID 0351615[10]
Website atlantaga.gov

Atlanta is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Georgia. It is one of the South's largest cities. Atlanta is known as a major business city. It is the home of Coca-Cola Company, CNN, AT&T, and Home Depot, as well as many other Fortune 500 companies. Coca-Cola, which is made in Atlanta, is drunk all over the world and its factory is a favorite tourist destination. CNN is also a big tourist attraction. Atlanta's airport, called Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, is the busiest airport in the world. Atlanta is near the center of Georgia and is on the Chattahoochee River.

History[change | change source]

Atlanta was built on Cherokee Native American land. It was called Terminus until 1843, when the name was changed to Marthasville. In 1845 the name was changed again to Atlanta.

During the American Civil War, Atlanta was where several battles happened. Some of the battles were the Battle of Peachtree Creek, the Battle of Atlanta, and the Battle of Ezra Church. The city was burnt down and almost entirely destroyed. After the war, the city was built again, and got a nickname because it was built so fast: "the Phoenix City", after the bird which burns itself then rises from the ashes in old myths. A picture of the bird is on the city seal.

Atlanta became the state capital in 1868.

There have been racial problems in Atlanta. During riots in 1906, at least 12 people died and more than 70 other people were hurt. In 1913, a Jewish man named Leo Frank was tried in court for raping and killing a girl in a factory where he worked. He was found guilty, but then the government decided not to execute him because not everyone was convinced he had done it. This upset people who thought he had killed the girl, and there were more riots in 1915 and Frank was lynched (hanged with a rope until he died).

In the 1930s, the Great Depression came to Atlanta. Many people did not have jobs and were hungry. The city government was almost out of money and the Coca-Cola company gave the city some money to help. In 1935, the government built the first federal housing project in the United States.

Atlanta's airport is named Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. It is the busiest airport in the world. Delta Air Lines is an airline that has its main office in Atlanta, and it uses Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport for many of its flights.

Turner Broadcasting, which broadcasts CNN, has their main office in Atlanta. The Coca Cola Company also has their main office in Atlanta.

Education[change | change source]

Atlanta's public school system has about 100 schools and 48,000 students. It tests the academic performance of students. The job performance of teachers and administrators are based on the results of these tests. In 2009, 178 teachers and administrators seem to have cheated to raise their student's test scores. Of the 178, 82 admitted to cheating. As a result, several area superintendents and school principals lost their jobs. The school board hired Erroll Davis Jr., a retired energy executive, as an interim school superintendent in July 2011. The Atlanta cheating scandal is one of the biggest in the nation.[11]

Events[change | change source]

Year Notes
1996 The Olympic Games took place in Atlanta.
2000 The census records Atlanta's population as 416,474 people.
1991 The birth of Hilary Fisher, Atlanta Superstar and Socialite. Hilary became famous after her infamous 21st birthday evening in Buenos Aires

Images[change | change source]

References[change | change source]